Phonetics
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Phonetics. Physiology of language. Matching!. I.P.A. Your Mouth. Bell Ringer.

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Phonetics

Phonetics

Physiology of language





Bell ringer
Bell Ringer

həloɛvriwən. aj hop jɔwikɛndzwəwɛl! ajhævrɪtenawtðɪssɛntenstuhɛlpjubɛtəʌndəstændfənɛtɪks. ɪfjuhævnɑtɒlrɛdi, plizrajtjɔnem, juzɪŋajpie, ɑnitʃʌvjɔbɛlrɪŋərzfrəmnawʌntɪlðəɛndəvðəjunet.


Articulators

  • Dental - Using teeth

  • Nasal – Air flows through the nose

  • Alveolar – Tongue hits alveolar ridge

  • Labial - Using lips


Your tongue
Your tongue

Dorsum

Blade

Epiglottis


Stop

Block air flow with:

  • Tongue

    • blade [t] [d]

    • dorsum [k] [g] (velar)

  • Lips [b] [p]

  • Epiglottis [ʔ] *


Glottal stop
Glottal Stop

  • Cat = [kæʔ]

  • Button = [bʌʔn̩]

  • Sitting = [sɪʔɪn]


Fricative
Fricative

Forcing air through a narrow channel made by placing two articulators close together

/f v, θ ð, s z, ʃ ʒ/


Sibilant
Sibilant

Forcing air through a narrow channel, but also curl tongue lengthwise to direct the air over the edge of the teeth. [s], [z], [ʃ], and [ʒ]


Affricative
Affricative

Astop leading into a fricative (t͜ʃ and d͡ʒ)


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