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Phonetics. Physiology of language. Matching!. I.P.A. Your Mouth. Bell Ringer.

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phonetics

Phonetics

Physiology of language

bell ringer
Bell Ringer

həloɛvriwən. aj hop jɔwikɛndzwəwɛl! ajhævrɪtenawtðɪssɛntenstuhɛlpjubɛtəʌndəstændfənɛtɪks. ɪfjuhævnɑtɒlrɛdi, plizrajtjɔnem, juzɪŋajpie, ɑnitʃʌvjɔbɛlrɪŋərzfrəmnawʌntɪlðəɛndəvðəjunet.

slide9

Articulators

  • Dental - Using teeth
  • Nasal – Air flows through the nose
  • Alveolar – Tongue hits alveolar ridge
  • Labial - Using lips
your tongue
Your tongue

Dorsum

Blade

Epiglottis

slide11
Stop

Block air flow with:

  • Tongue
    • blade [t] [d]
    • dorsum [k] [g] (velar)
  • Lips [b] [p]
  • Epiglottis [ʔ] *
glottal stop
Glottal Stop
  • Cat = [kæʔ]
  • Button = [bʌʔn̩]
  • Sitting = [sɪʔɪn]
fricative
Fricative

Forcing air through a narrow channel made by placing two articulators close together

/f v, θ ð, s z, ʃ ʒ/

sibilant
Sibilant

Forcing air through a narrow channel, but also curl tongue lengthwise to direct the air over the edge of the teeth. [s], [z], [ʃ], and [ʒ]

affricative
Affricative

Astop leading into a fricative (t͜ʃ and d͡ʒ)

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