Critical Thinking 100.511 C Wiseman. Fallacies. Arguments -- Fallacies. Description of Fallacies What is an argument ? Two or more propositions: One or more premises and one conclusion .
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Description of Fallacies
Bill: "Smoking is very unhealthy and leads to all sorts of problems. So take my advice and never start." Jill: "Well, I certainly don't want to get cancer." Bill: "I'm going to get a smoke. Want to join me Dave?" Jill: "Well, I guess smoking can't be that bad. After all, Bill smokes."
Bill: "I believe that abortion is morally acceptable. After all, a woman should have a right to her own body." Jane: "I disagree completely. Dr. Johan Skarn says that abortion is always morally wrong, regardless of the situation. He has to be right, after all, he is a respected expert in his field." Bill: "I've never heard of Dr. Skarn. Who is he?" Jane: "He's the guy that won the Nobel Prize in physics for his work on cold fusion." Bill: "I see. Does he have any expertise in morality or ethics?" Jane: "I don't know. But he's a world famous expert, so I believe him."