Mixed Model Production Lines
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Mixed Model Production Lines C.S.Kanagaraj ( Kana + Garage ) IEM 5303. Overview. Mixed Model Production Lines (MMPL) Production Planning Techniques Evolution of Production Planning Techniques Emergence of a new technique Comparisons - Based on the dynamic environment. Overview (2).

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Mixed Model Production Lines C.S.Kanagaraj ( Kana + Garage ) IEM 5303

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Mixed model production lines c s kanagaraj kana garage iem 5303

Mixed Model Production Lines

C.S.Kanagaraj

( Kana + Garage )

IEM 5303

2000 C.S.Kanagaraj


Overview

Overview

  • Mixed Model Production Lines (MMPL)

  • Production Planning Techniques

  • Evolution of Production Planning Techniques

  • Emergence of a new technique

  • Comparisons - Based on the dynamic environment

2000 C.S.Kanagaraj


Overview 2

Overview (2)

  • Problem Statement

  • Automated Sequencing System (ASS)

  • Steps followed in sequencing

  • Conclusion

2000 C.S.Kanagaraj


Introduction

Introduction

  • Mixed Model Production Line (MMPL)

    • Production lines capable of making several different parts for a given period of time are called as the mixed model production lines.

      • Example: An automobile assembly line

  • Mixed Model Production Lines use various production planning techniques to enhance their production capabilities

2000 C.S.Kanagaraj


Production planning techniques

Production Planning Techniques

  • What are production planning techniques

    • These are a set techniques involving mathematical equations and algorithms, which are to used to help us effectively in scheduling, sequencing, batching, etc. in the manufacturing industry.

      • Example: Genetic Algorithms.

2000 C.S.Kanagaraj


Evolution of production planning techniques

Evolution of Production Planning Techniques

  • 70’s - 80’s Optimization Era

  • 80’s Heuristic Era

  • late 80’s Artificial Intelligence Era

    • - Expert Systems

    • - Neural Networks

    • - Genetic Algorithms

    • - Autonomous Agent Architectures

  • 90’s Interactive Schedulers Era [1]

    _____________________________________

    [1] Maria Caridi and Andrea Sianesi “Multi-agent systems in production planning and control: An application to the scheduling of mixed-model assembly lines”, International Journal of Production Economics, Volume 68, Issue 1, 30 October 2000, Pages 29-42

2000 C.S.Kanagaraj


Synoptic table of scheduling techniques

Synoptic Table of Scheduling Techniques

2000 C.S.Kanagaraj


Limitations of these techniques

Limitations of these techniques

  • Optimization Era

    • Differences in mono and multi objective approaches

    • long time to reach full automation

    • less product differentiation

  • Heuristic Era

    • More static than being dynamic

    • It seems quite impossible to codify the system reactions to possible failures and events

      [1]

2000 C.S.Kanagaraj


Limitations of these techniques 2

Limitations of these techniques (2)

  • Artificial Intelligence Era

    • Seems to be natural but complex

  • Expert System

  • Neural Networks

  • Genetic Algorithms

    • complexity of the software

    • difficulty of knowledge codifying

  • Autonomous Agent Architectures

    • very few are in use at present

    • its efficiency and effectiveness are still hard to evaluate

      [1]

2000 C.S.Kanagaraj


Emerging technique

Emerging Technique

  • Interactive Schedulers Era

    • They are the simplest kind of scheduling system because the plan is not made by a machine but the planner himself, while the system checks for the feasibility of the decision makers choices.

    • Schedulers are the ones most commonly used instruments in real world applications.

      [1]

2000 C.S.Kanagaraj


Graph production planning techniques

Graph - Production Planning Techniques

Comparisons - High and Low Dynamics [1]

2000 C.S.Kanagaraj


Problem statement

Problem Statement

  • A production line of a sheet metal manufacturing facility is taken into consideration.

  • The problem concerning the production line is studied. And the area is identified in a transfer area between the press floor and the surface treatment zone.

  • The parts are sequenced manually before moving into the next process.

2000 C.S.Kanagaraj


Problem statement 2

Problem Statement (2)

  • To accomplish this task, a basic design and an algorithm were borrowed from Choi Wonjoon and Shin Hyunoh [2] and the model was modified to provide a solution to the above manufacturing facility.

  • The algorithm developed by Choi Wonjoon and Shin Hyunoh [2] suported a dynamic environment.

    _____________________________________

    [2] Choi Wonjoon and Shin Hyunoh “A Real-Time Sequence Control System for the Level Production of the Automobile Assembly Line”, Computers & Industrial Engineering, Volume 33, Issues 3-4, December 1997, Pages 769-772

2000 C.S.Kanagaraj


Automated sequencing system ass

Automated Sequencing System (ASS)

  • An automated sequencing system is developed similar to a PBS system used in by Choi Wonjoon and Shin Hyunoh [2].

  • The automated sequencing system, sequences the parts according some constraints, like demand and overall time taken by the part for getting processed.

  • The main aim of the system is to make use of the production line intelligently and efficiently.

2000 C.S.Kanagaraj


Steps followed for sequencing

Steps followed for sequencing

1) Selecting the production/feeder line

2) Assigning priorities to the parts according to the demand

3) Selecting the part with the least processing time to process next

4) Inserting the selected part to the priority queue

A set of algorithms use by Choi Wonjoon and Shin Hyunoh [2] are used to perform the sequencing task.

2000 C.S.Kanagaraj


Conclusion

Conclusion

  • Mixed model production lines have become a universal standard in many manufacturing facilities. And therefore when a dynamic sequencing system is used, the production line becomes highly productive and efficient.

    ~ * ~ Best of luck! Guys ~ * ~

2000 C.S.Kanagaraj


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