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TURKISH EXPERIENCE IN PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS. Outline. Background of PPP Projects in Turkey Sectoral Distribution of PPP Projects Legal Framework in PPP Demands by the Public Institutions Regarding the PPP Applications Fundamental Problems of PPP Applications in Turkey

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TURKISH EXPERIENCE IN PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS

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Turkish experience in public private partnerships l.jpg

TURKISH EXPERIENCE IN PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS


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Outline

  • Background of PPP Projects in Turkey

  • Sectoral Distribution of PPP Projects

  • Legal Framework in PPP

  • Demands by the Public Institutions Regarding the PPP Applications

  • Fundamental Problems of PPP Applications in Turkey

  • Requirements for Succesfull PPP Projects

  • Draft PPP Law


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Need for Public-Private Partnerships

  • The need for additional finance under the ongoing economic program

  • Faster implementation of the projects

  • Reduced operation and construction costs

  • Transfer of managerial skills of the private sector to the infrastructure management and public service provision

  • Enhanced public management system


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Critics Regarding Public-Private Partnerships

  • Costly, Complicated and Time Consuming Tender Process

    • Many stakeholders and many negotiations over many documents

    • Costly tender processes

  • An Incentive for More Costly Projects

    • Higher cost of capital for the private sector

    • Incentive to increase the costs in the “cost+profit” method

  • Excessive Sensitivity to Political and Economic Stability

    • Sensitivity of Foreign Direct Investment to political and economic stability

    • Higher country risks in developing countries

  • Long Term Projects

    • Long Pay Back Periods

    • Detailed Forecasts


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Background of PPP Projects in Turkey

Concessions During The Empire of Ottoman

Public Service Concessions Concessions in Manufacturing

Food, Paper, Chemistry, Textile

Electricity, Gas, Tunnel, Port, Pier, Lighthouse, Tram, Telephone, Post, Telegraph


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Sectoral Distribution of PPP Projects

Transportation

  • Air Transportation

    Antalya Airport I. and II. International Passenger Terminals (BOT)

    Atatürk Airport International Passenger Terminal (BOT)

  • Road Transportation

    Göcek Tunnel (BOT)

    Motorway Service Facilities (BOT)

  • Maritime Transportation

    Çanakkale Kepez Port Superstructure Facilities (BOT)

    Güllük Pier (BOT)

    Trabzon Port (TOR)

  • Rail Transportation

    Antalya-Alanya Railway Project (BOT)

    (no proposal was received in the tender)


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Sectoral Distribution of PPP Projects

Energy

Bursa Natural Gas Power Plant (BO)

Ankara Natural Gas Power Plant (BO)

Unimar Natural Gas Power Plant–Trakya (BOT)

Tourism

Turgut Reis Marina (BOT)

Customs

İpsala Border Gate (BOT)

Drinking Water

Yuvacık Dam (BOT)

Kamu Hizmeti İmtiyazları İmalat Sanayii İmtiyazları


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Legal Framework in PPP

  • Build-Operate-Transfer Legislation

  • Build-Operate Legislation

  • Build-Lease-Transfer Legislation

  • Transfer of Operation Rights and Long Term Leases Legislation

  • Other Legislation Related to PPP Models


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Legal Framework in PPP

Build-Operate-Transfer Laws

  • The Law on the Build-Operate-Transfer No. 3996 (Official Gazette: 13 June 1994, no 21959)

  • The Law on Turkish Electricity Authority for Generation, Transmission, Distribution and Trade of Electricity No. 3096 (Official Gazette: 19 December 1984, no 18610)

  • The Law on Construction, Maintenance and Operation of Motorways. No. 3465 (Official Gazette: 2 June 1988, no 19830)


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Legal Framework in PPP

Build-OperateLaws

  • The Law on the Establishment and Operation of Electricity Production Plants and Energy Sales No. 4283 (Official Gazette: 19 July 1997, no 23054)

    Build-Lease-Transfer Laws

  • The Law on Build-Lease-Transfer in health sector No. 5396 (Official Gazette: 15 July 2005, no 25876)

    Transfer of Operation Rights Law

  • The Law on Privatization No. 4046 (Official Gazette: 27 November 1994, no 22124)

  • Law No. 5335 (transfer of operation rights of airports and passenger terminals by State Airports Authority) (Official Gazette: 27 April 2005, no 25798)


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Legal Framework in PPP

Other Legislation Related to PPP Models

  • Public Procurement Law No. 4734 and Public Procurement Contracts Law No. 4735

  • State Tender Law No.2886

  • Law on Protection of Competition No. 4054

  • Law on Municipalities No. 5272

  • Law on Council of State No. 2575

  • Financial Management and Control Law No. 5018


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Demands by the Public Institutions Regarding the PPP Applications

General Directorate of State Airports Authority

  • Rehabilitate-Operate-Transfer, Long Term Leases

    Ministry of Health

  • Design-Build-Finance-Operate-Transfer, Rehabilitate-Operate-Transfer

  • Establishing an administrative structure for the PPP Projects

  • A new comprehensive and flexible legal framework


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Demands by the Public Institutions Regarding the Applications

General Directorate of State Railways

  • A new legislation for new PPP models

    DLHİ

  • Complete(finish)-Operate-Transfer, Lease-Operate-Transfer

  • Project prioritization in accordance with the development plans and sectoral master plans

  • Effective coordination among related public bodies responsible and authorised with the implementation of the PPP projects

    Municipalities

    Technical Assistant in the procurement and contracting phases

    State Highway and State Hydrolic DGs

    New Model for Shadow Rate


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Fundamental Problems of the PPP Applications in Turkey

1. Limited Number of PPP Models in the Laws

  • Limited scope of the existing PPP legislation (legislation limited to BOT, BO, TOR and BLT models)

    2. Lack of Harmonisation among PPP Laws

  • Several sector specific and model specific PPP laws


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Fundamental Problems of the PPP Applications in Turkey

3. Lack of Central Administrative Structure for the PPP Projects

  • Assignment of different public bodies for the implementation of PPP Projects

  • Lack of coordination among the related public bodies

  • Lack of a central public body responsible for setting PPP policies and coordination


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Requirements for Succesfull PPP Projects

  • A Comprehensive Legal Framework

  • A Central Public Body

  • Improving the Institutional Capacity of the

    Related Public Bodies

  • Detailed Economic and Financial Feasibilities

  • Proper Project Selection

  • Effective Risk Management

  • Competetive and Transparent Tender Process


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Suggestions for the Ongoing Problems

Enacting a new comprehensive PPP law in order to extend the scope in terms of the applicable PPP models and sectors

Establishing a central public body responsible for coordinating the PPP process, policy setting and improving the institutional capacity of the implementing organizations


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Draft PPP Law

A Draft PPP Law is Prepared by SPO

  • A frame law arranging a great variety of PPP models

  • A new and rational approach in project selection based on feasibility studies

  • A new central governmental body responsible for PPP projects

  • A New Purocurement Law Compatible with EU Lagislation (Draft Law Prapared by PPA)


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Thanks for Your Attention


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