Evaluating the equivalence of foreign meat and poultry food regulatory systems
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EVALUATING THE EQUIVALENCE OF FOREIGN MEAT AND POULTRY FOOD REGULATORY SYSTEMS PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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EVALUATING THE EQUIVALENCE OF FOREIGN MEAT AND POULTRY FOOD REGULATORY SYSTEMS. Port of Entry Reinspection. Food Safety and Inspection Service. PORT OF ENTRY REINSPECTION. In 1999, the United States imported approximately 3.3 billion pounds of meat and poultry from 31 countries.

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EVALUATING THE EQUIVALENCE OF FOREIGN MEAT AND POULTRY FOOD REGULATORY SYSTEMS

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Evaluating the equivalence of foreign meat and poultry food regulatory systems

EVALUATING THE EQUIVALENCE OF FOREIGN MEAT AND POULTRY FOOD REGULATORY SYSTEMS

Port of Entry Reinspection

Food Safety and Inspection Service


Port of entry reinspection

PORT OF ENTRY REINSPECTION

In 1999, the United States imported approximately 3.3 billion pounds of meat and poultry from 31 countries.

  • 86 % Fresh Red Meat

    • manufacturing, carcasses and cuts

  • 1 % Fresh Poultry

  • 13 % Processed Meat/Poultry


Port of entry reinspection1

PORT OF ENTRY REINSPECTION

In 1999, the United States imported almost 5.4 million pounds of egg products from Canada.

  • 89.9 % Liquid

  • 8.5 % Frozen

  • 1.6 % Dried


Port of entry reinspection meat and poultry imported into u s in 1999

PORT OF ENTRY REINSPECTION% Meat and Poultry Imported into U.S. in 1999


Port of entry reinspection2

PORT OF ENTRY REINSPECTION

FSIS reinspects meat and poultry products at ports of entry before they are allowed into U.S. commerce.


Port of entry reinspection3

PORT OF ENTRY REINSPECTION

About 75 FSIS import inspectors carry out reinspection at approximately 150 official import establishments.


Port of entry reinspection4

PORT OF ENTRY REINSPECTION

  • All shipments are reinspected for:

  • Transportation damage

  • Labeling

  • Proper certification

  • General condition

  • Box count


Port of entry reinspection5

PORT OF ENTRY REINSPECTION

  • Additional Types of Inspection (TOI) are assigned, depending upon the type of product being presented.


Port of entry reinspection6

PORT OF ENTRY REINSPECTION

Examples of “Types of Inspection”:

  • Examination for product defects

  • Laboratory analyses

    • microbiological contamination

    • chemical residues

    • food chemistry

    • species identification

  • Net weight checks

  • Condition of container


Port of entry reinspection7

PORT OF ENTRY REINSPECTION

Reinspection is performance-based:

Better performing foreign establishments have their products reinspected less frequently.


Automated import information system aiis

AUTOMATED IMPORT INFORMATION SYSTEM (AIIS)

  • Centralized database that links ports of entry

  • Stores reinspection results

  • Provides a record of how each exporting country maintains inspection controls


Automated import information system aiis1

AUTOMATED IMPORT INFORMATION SYSTEM (AIIS)

The system has the ability to:

  • Develop complete compliance records for each country and establishment exporting to the United States.


Automated import information system aiis2

AUTOMATED IMPORT INFORMATION SYSTEM (AIIS)

The system has the ability to:

  • Develop comprehensive product histories by establishment.


Automated import information system aiis3

AUTOMATED IMPORT INFORMATION SYSTEM (AIIS)

The system has the ability to:

  • Increase/decrease reinspection of products by country or establishment.


Automated import information system aiis4

AUTOMATED IMPORT INFORMATION SYSTEM (AIIS)

The system’s import categories:

  • Canned Product

    • Pork, Beef, Sheep/Goat, Poultry, Combination

  • Fresh Product

    • Pork, Beef, Sheep/Goat, Poultry, Combination


Automated import information system aiis5

AUTOMATED IMPORT INFORMATION SYSTEM (AIIS)

(continued)

The system’s import categories:

  • Cooked Product

    • Pork, Beef, Sheep/Goat, Poultry, Combination

  • Cured Product

    • Pork, Beef, Sheep/Goat, Poultry, Combination


Automated import information system aiis6

AUTOMATED IMPORT INFORMATION SYSTEM (AIIS)

(continued)

The system’s import categories:

  • Horse (all)


Automated import information system aiis7

AUTOMATED IMPORT INFORMATION SYSTEM (AIIS)

TOIs for COOKED BEEF, FROZEN (BHMGAQ)

  • Product Exam

    • Boneless Meat for Manufacturing

  • Laboratory-Listeria

  • Laboratory-Salmonella

  • Laboratory-Species


Port of entry reinspection8

PORT OF ENTRY REINSPECTION

Products meeting U.S. requirements

are stamped with the

“official mark of inspection.”


Port of entry reinspection refused entry

PORT OF ENTRY REINSPECTIONREFUSED ENTRY

Product not meet U.S. requirements is stamped “REFUSED ENTRY.”

OPTIONS:

  • Exported from the United States

  • Destroyed

  • Converted to animal food


Port of entry reinspection9

PORT OF ENTRY REINSPECTION

Reinspectionoccurs at one of four levels:

  • “Normal” level

  • “SKIP-1” level

  • “SKIP-2” level

  • “Tighten and Hold” level


Port of entry reinspection10

PORT OF ENTRY REINSPECTION

“NORMAL” level:

  • ALL lots are reinspected


Port of entry reinspection11

PORT OF ENTRY REINSPECTION

“SKIP-1” level:

  • 1 out of every 4 lots is reinspected

  • Each lot eligible for the “skip-1” has one in four chances of being reinspected


Port of entry reinspection12

PORT OF ENTRY REINSPECTION

“SKIP-2” level:

  • 1 of every 12 lots is reinspected

  • Each lot eligible for “skip-2” has a one in 12 chance of being reinspected


Port of entry reinspection13

PORT OF ENTRY REINSPECTION

“TIGHTEN AND HOLD” Level:

  • Shipments are held by FSIS pending test results


Port of entry reinspection14

PORT OF ENTRY REINSPECTION

Previous Example: COOKED BEEF, FROZEN

  • Product Exam

    • Boneless Meat for Manufacturing

      Uses AQL-1 Switching Rule to move between the three inspection levels: Normal, Skip-1 and Skip-2


Port of entry reinspection15

PORT OF ENTRY REINSPECTION

Switching Rule

An algorithm that specifies the conditions for transition between inspection levels.


Port of entry reinspection example of switching rules

PORT OF ENTRY REINSPECTIONExample of Switching Rules

AQL 1 RULE

Based on:

  • the inspector’s determination of a specific lot

  • the accumulation of defects

    • NO critical defect in the last 3000 pounds

    • NO major defect in the last 1600 pounds

  • If lot fails, sampling returns to NORMAL


Port of entry reinspection16

PORT OF ENTRY REINSPECTION

Previous Example: COOKED BEEF, FROZEN

  • Laboratory-Listeria

  • Laboratory-Salmonella

  • Laboratory-Species

    Uses Lab Pass/Fail Switching Rule to move between the three inspection levels: Normal, Skip-1 and Skip-2


Port of entry reinspection example of switching rules1

PORT OF ENTRY REINSPECTIONExample of Switching Rules

PASS/FAIL LABORATORY ANALYSIS RULE

If residue or microbiological analysis fails, foreign establishment placed on “tighten and hold” for 15 consecutive shipments pass within 180 days.


Port of entry reinspection example of switching rules2

PORT OF ENTRY REINSPECTIONExample of Switching Rules

PASS/FAIL LABORATORY ANALYSIS RULE

If species analysis fails, foreign establishment placed on “tighten and hold” for 10 consecutive shipments pass within 180 days.


Port of entry reinspection residue controls

PORT OF ENTRY REINSPECTIONResidue Controls

FSIS randomly samples products at ports of entry for chemical residue analysis.


Port of entry reinspection residue controls1

PORT OF ENTRY REINSPECTIONResidue Controls

  • Compounds adjusted annually

  • Sampling frequency adjusted annually

  • Initial sampling rate based on the volume of product imported the previous year

  • Decisions about product acceptability are based on U.S. tolerances or action levels


Port of entry reinspection microbiological controls

PORT OF ENTRY REINSPECTIONMicrobiological Controls

FSIS randomly samples specific products at ports of entry for microbiological analysis, including:

  • Listeria monocytogenes

  • Salmonella

  • Escherichia coli 0157:H7

  • Staphylococcal aureus enterotoxin


Port of entry reinspection17

PORT OF ENTRY REINSPECTION

REPORTED LABORATORY VIOLATIONS 1998

  • Residue Samples

    • Sulfonamides11

    • Antibiotics1

  • Microbiological Samples

    • Listeria monocytogenes19

    • Salmonella 7


Port of entry reinspection18

PORT OF ENTRY REINSPECTION

LABORATORY VIOLATIONS

  • Electronic results reported from laboratory

  • Controls initiated

    • within United States

    • in the foreign country


Port of entry reinspection19

PORT OF ENTRY REINSPECTION

LABORATORY VIOLATIONS

Controls in United States

  • Foreign establishment immediately placed on TIGHTEN & HOLD

  • Determine location of product in the U.S.

    • at an import establishment

    • at an FSIS inspected processing establishment

    • in distribution


Port of entry reinspection20

PORT OF ENTRY REINSPECTION

LABORATORY VIOLATIONS

Controls in Foreign Country

  • FSIS notifies foreign inspection service

    • requests additional information related to production lot

    • requests an investigation of the cause

    • requests report of the investigation and appropriate corrective action


Port of entry reinspection laboratory violations

PORT OF ENTRY REINSPECTIONLaboratory Violations

Repeat Violations

(more than one from same country)

  • Indicator that something is potentially wrong with the controls in the foreign country.


Port of entry reinspection conclusion

PORT OF ENTRY REINSPECTION CONCLUSION

  • Port of Entry reinspection data provides a record of the effectiveness of the foreign inspection system.

  • Provides data which enables FSIS to shift reinspection and audit resources to foreign inspection systems with potential health risks.


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