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Module 5: Managing your money – budgeting

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Module 5 managing your money budgeting

Module 5: Managing

your money – budgeting


Module 5 managing your money budgeting

  • Module objectives

  • Provide an opportunity to look at the learner outcomes in the ‘Manage money’ element of the numeracy component of the National Literacy and Numeracy Framework (LNF), to identify wherebudgetingexists in the curriculum in Wales.

  • Highlight resources and activities that can be used in Key Stages 2, 3 and 4 to develop learners’ numeracy skills in the context of managing their money by budgeting.


Module 5 managing your money budgeting

Learner aims

This module introduces the process of budgeting. It works across key stages and some learners will:

  • appreciate the decisions that need to be made relating to ‘essential and non-essential purchases’

  • identify the differences between a need (something you cannot live without) and a want (something you can live without)

  • identify how money enters and leaves their lives

  • understand the differences between income and expenditure

  • be able to explain why a budget needs to balance.


Module 5 managing your money budgeting

The National Literacy and Numeracy Framework (LNF)

  • The National Literacy and Numeracy Framework (LNF) focuses on four strands of numeracy:

  • Strand 1: Developing numerical reasoning

  • Strand 2: Using number skills

  • Strand 3: Using measuring skills

  • Strand 4: Using data skills.


Module 5 managing your money budgeting

Numeracy component of the LNF

  • Strand: Using number skills

  • Elements:

  • Use number facts and relationships

  • Fractions, decimals, percentages and ratio

  • Calculate using mental and written methods

  • Estimate and check

  • Manage money


Lnf learner outcomes

LNF learner outcomes

The following tables show the learner outcomes as specified in the numeracy component of the LNF.

The focus in this module is the topic of budgeting which is highlighted in bold in the tables.


Module 5 managing your money budgeting

The Personal and social education framework for 7 to 19-year-olds in Wales also highlights opportunities for learners to develop their budgeting knowledge. These are highlighted in boldon the next slide.


Module 5 managing your money budgeting

Can we afford it?

Starter activity:

How do we know if we can afford something?


Module 5 managing your money budgeting

What do these terms mean?

wants

needs

See Manage money activity sheet: Needs and wants (Key Stage 2/3 activity).

Using images and words, learners can decide which items they cannot live without (need) and those items that they simply want to have.


Module 5 managing your money budgeting

Need versus want

Carry out the activity online by visitinghttps://hwb.wales.gov.uk/cms/hwbcontent/Shared%20Documents/vtc/2009-10/maths/financial-literacy/needsVsWants.swf


Module 5 managing your money budgeting

Essential and non-essential items

Scenario:

You have started working, have your own flat and recently had a loan to purchase a new car.

Print off Resource 1: Essential and non-essential items, which is a Key Stage 3/4 activity. This activity asks learners to sort the cards into two groups – ‘essential’ and ‘non-essential’ monthly payments/purchases. Examples are shown on the next slide.


Module 5 managing your money budgeting

Essential and non-essential items

Music downloads

Bus fares

Car loan repayment

Food/

toiletries

Meal out with friends

TV licence

Electricity

Concert ticket

Work clothes

Mobile phone bill

Takeaway pizza

Petrol

House insurance

New trainers

Car insurance

Water

Mortgage/

rent

Gas

Council tax

£10 savings


Module 5 managing your money budgeting

Discussion activity:

How does money come in and out of your life on a daily, weekly or monthly basis?


Module 5 managing your money budgeting

Education Maintenance Allowance (EMA)

Snacks

Payment forchores

Gifts

Mobile phone

Toiletries

Cinema/

concerts

Pocketmoney

Part-timework

Buying music

Buying clothes

Bus fares


Income and expenditure

Income and expenditure

Key Stage 2 activities:

Activity 1: Can we afford it? (see Manage money activity sheet: Can we afford it?)

Activity 2: Money wise: a monthly budgeting card game (see Manage money activity sheet: Money wise monthly budgeting card game)

Activity 3: Budgeting how much electricity to use – ‘Let’s cut back’. Visit the activity online at https://hwb.wales.gov.uk/cms/hwbcontent/_layouts/NGFLSolution/MaterialDescription.aspx?LearningMaterialId=39431&lang=en

Activities have been differentiated into key stages based on context. The key stages are for guidance only and teachers should select activities to match the ability of learners. Links/explanations for activities on the following slides.


Income and expenditure1

Income and expenditure

Activity 1: Can we afford it?

See Manage money activity sheet: Can we afford it?

Learners are given a storyboard to complete. The storyboard charts a family’s decision about whether they can afford to buy a bike as a birthday present. The storyboard raises discussion points.


Income and expenditure2

Income and expenditure

  • Activity 2: Money wise – monthly budgeting card game

  • See Manage money activity sheet: Money wise – monthly budgeting card game.

  • Learners cut out the cards that show ways they have earned and spent money, and turn them face down. They play in pairs, turn one card over at a time, and decide where to place it in their monthly budget table. Their challenge is to ensure they:

  • do not get into debt in any one month

  • break even at the end of the three months.

  • This means that they may have to move their cards around, or decide on something they can’t afford to buy to ensure their spending does not exceed their earnings!


Module 5 managing your money budgeting

Activity 3: Budgeting how much electricity to use

Key Stage 2 activity: Budgeting how much electricity to use

View this online activity on Hwb at

https://hwb.wales.gov.uk/cms/hwbcontent/Shared%20Documents/vtc/2009-10/maths/financial-literacy//lets-cut-back/index.html


Income and expenditure3

Income and expenditure

Key Stage 3/4 activities:

Activity 1: Can you help Carrie and Mo to budget? (see Spending Sense)

Activity 2: ‘Managing your money’ scenarios (see Welsh GovernmentPersonal Finance Toolkit)

Activity 3: Keeping a running balance for a household (see Resource 2 from this module)

Activities have been differentiated into key stages based on context. The key stages are for guidance only and teachers should select activities to match the ability of learners. Links/explanations for activities are included on the following slides.


Module 5 managing your money budgeting

Activity 1

Can you help Carrie and Mo manage their budget?

Resource: Spending Sense, Activity 5 – Carrie and Mo (pages 39–47)

Download the resource athttps://hwb.wales.gov.uk/cms/hwbcontent/_layouts/NGFLSolution/MaterialDescription.aspx?LearningMaterialId=44957&lang=en


Income and expenditure4

Income and expenditure

Key Stage 3/4 Activity 1: Can you help Carrie and Mo to budget?

This activity raises the problem of overspending on a tight budget. The lifestyles of two young people, Carrie and Mo, are described. Each has a budget showing a typical monthly income and expenditure. The task for learners is to discuss their lifestyles and spending habits to see where they could cut down in order to balance their budget.

The following slides show snapshots of this activity.


Module 5 managing your money budgeting

Activity 2

Managing your money scenarios

Resource: Welsh Government Personal Finance Toolkit

See Topic 3 ‘Managing your money’ (pages 29–33) along with the accompanying resource sheets within Topic 3 entitled ‘Manage my cash’ (pages 31–34).

Download the resource at

http://wales.gov.uk/topics/childrenyoungpeople/publications/resources/?skip=1&lang=en

The activity (described on page 32) offers four scenarios describing young people’s financial situations. Learners suggest ways in which they could manage their money more successfully. Examples of the scenarios are given on the next slides


Module 5 managing your money budgeting

Activity 3

Keeping a running balance for a household

Resource: Keeping a running balance (see Resource 2 within this module)

This activity presents learners with a diary style account of the transactions that take place during one month, from the view point of a working adult with three children. Learners have to read the information and keep a running a balance in the form of a table by calculating the money paid in and paid out of a bank account.


Module 5 managing your money budgeting

Keeping a running balance

Mrs Jones is a very busy parent and the information given is one month in her life (print off Resource 2 ‘Keeping a running balance’).

The information indicates how much is paid in (income) and paid out (expenditure) of her bank account.

Look carefully at each of the days given and consider the transactions that take place.

Using the table, carry out a running balance to help her keep track of her money.

Examples of the first week are given on the next slide.


Module 5 managing your money budgeting

1 August

You have both been paid.

£3012

3 August

Council tax needs to be paid.

£142

Paid by direct debit.

Food shopping.

£112

Paid with debit card.

4 August

Mortgage payments goes out.

£1215

5 August

Utility bill day!

Gas: £72

Electricity: £59

Water: £45.10

All paid monthly by direct debit.

7 August

Child benefit.

You have three children.

£20.30 for the first child per week.

£13.40 for the other children.

Note: child benefit is paid every 4 weeks.


Adding up to a lifetime

Adding up to a lifetime

This is a free online resource which follows four characters and how they deal with financial situations. It is suitable for Key Stage 3 to Key Stage 5. The package has approximately 25 hours of learning activities which learners can complete online. It is presented as five modules:

  • Life as a student (aged 14 upwards)

  • Working life

  • Relationships

  • New life

  • Active retirement.

    The modules offer the whole range of manage money topics including budgeting, visit

    www.addinguptoalifetime.org.uk

Each module has an audio tutorial which can be listened to in English or Welsh.


Websites and resources

Websites and resources

  • www.pfeg.org pfeg (Personal Finance Education Group) an independent charity providing a wealth of resources to support financial education in schools.

  • www.barclaysmoneyskills.com/en/Information/resource-centre.aspx Barclays Money Skills Key Stage 2 and Key Stage 3 Resource Packs (download) – needs/wants and essential/non-essential activities available within these packs.

  • www.nationwideeducation.co.uk Finance Skills: games, factsheets* and worksheets* for learners aged 4 to 18+ (printable resources and online games). For budgeting activities see Money Maths – Balancing Budgets (12–14)and Family Budget Factsheet (7–11).*Welsh versions available.

  • www.Addinguptoalifetime.org.ukThe modules offer the whole range of manage money topics including budgeting.

  • www.hwb.wales.gov.uk/cms/hwbcontent/shared%20Documents/vtc/2009- 10/maths/financial-literacy//lets-cut-back/index.html Key Stage 2 Science Activity: Looking at budgeting via household electricity usage.

  • www.moneyadviceservice.org.uk/en/categories/young-people-and-money Information on managing your money as a student.

  • http://rbsmoneysense.co.uk/schools/resources/ A free interactive online programme providing resources to support learners manage their money.


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