The Turkish Language. Overview.
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The Turkish Language
Ottoman Turkish was a mixture of Turkish, Arabic and Persian.
Ottoman script was a Perso-Arabic.
The Republic of Turkey is the successor state of The Ottoman Empire.
The Standard Turkish
Spoken as first language by over 70 million people, official language of The Republic of Turkey, and the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, founder of the Republic, adopted a Latin based alphabet instead of Ottoman script in 1928, and founded Language Association to purify Turkish from loanwords.
Turkish Grammar (cont.)
Turkish Grammar (cont.)
There is no gender in Turkish.
The same word , "o", for example, means "he", "she" and "it".
Turkish has little or no gender differentiating system.
Turkish has a T-V distinction:
Second person singular: SEN (Informal)
Second person plural: SİZ (Formal)
Nasilsin? Nasilsiniz? (How are you?)
*Husband’s brother’s wife: elti
*Wife’s sister’s husband: bacanak
kardeş : the general word (Turkish has little or no gender differentiating system) for the people whose mother and father are the same.(for both male and female)
ağabey : elder brother
abi: colloqual for "ağabey"
erkek kardeş : used both for older or younger brother ("erkek" means "male“)
ağa : in some rural areas it is used for "ağabey" (It has got some variations but I don't think it is worth mentioning. Similar pronunciations)
birader : It is a loan word form Persian. Exactly means "brother" and used quite commonly.
kanka : is the abbreviated form of "kan kardeşi" (blood brother)and commonly used meaning "my best friend"
The Turkish Language has many stock politeness phrases to be muttered on appropriate occasions: greetings, farewells, at mealtimes, condolences.
Even if one breaks some belonging, (canin sagolsun)
Well-wishes when one gets a haircut -emerges from the Turkish bath- (Sihhatler olsun)
Turks are very superstitious !!
When a child is born, relatives and friends give her/him an evil eye. Usually the family hangs in the child a ‘nazar boncuğu’ The evil eye can be made of gold depending on the wealth of the family. The "nazar boncuğu" can also be put in the entrance of the house, outside of the house, in the office, in the car, it can also be used as a jewellery.
Bir fincan kahvenin kırk yıl hatırı vardır.