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科普勒生於德國 的西南部. The Great Comet of 1577, which Kepler witnessed as a child, attracted the attention of astronomers across Europe. 在一五八九年就讀於杜本根大學 (The University of Tübingen) 研習神學,並涉獵其他各學科領域。. 科普勒受到馬斯 連 (Michael Maestlin 1580-16 35) 的啟蒙,他是 最早接受哥白尼 太陽中心論學說 的天文學者之一 。.

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科普勒生於德國

的西南部


The Great Comet of 1577, which Kepler witnessed as a child, attracted the attention of astronomers across Europe


在一五八九年就讀於杜本根大學 attracted the attention of astronomers across Europe(The University of Tübingen)研習神學,並涉獵其他各學科領域。


科普勒受到馬斯 attracted the attention of astronomers across Europe

連(Michael

Maestlin 1580-16

35)的啟蒙,他是

最早接受哥白尼

太陽中心論學說

的天文學者之一。


Figure of the heavenly bodies — An illustration of the Ptolemaic geocentric system by Portuguese cosmographer and cartographer

Bartolomeu

Velho, 1568

(Bibliotèque

National,

Paris)


在一五九四年科普勒成為了奧地利的 Ptolemaic geocentric system by Portuguese cosmographer and cartographer Graz新教徒的數學教授,年紀只有23歲。


在一五九七年 Ptolemaic geocentric system by Portuguese cosmographer and cartographer

他發表了他第

一本重要的著

作─宇宙的神秘(Cosmographic Mystery),


一六零零年他 Ptolemaic geocentric system by Portuguese cosmographer and cartographer

到了布拉格去

當泰可‧布拉

許T ycho Brahe

(1546~1601年)

的助手,並從

布拉許的天文

觀察資料中來

計算新的行星

的軌道。


“The Optical Part of Astronomy” Ptolemaic geocentric system by Portuguese cosmographer and cartographer :1604年出版,描述大氣對光線折射的影響。


1606 Ptolemaic geocentric system by Portuguese cosmographer and cartographer 年他發表了"Concerning the New Star",談到1604所發現到的新星


科普勒第一行星運動定理 Ptolemaic geocentric system by Portuguese cosmographer and cartographer


一、(軌道論)行星運行的軌道為橢圓 Ptolemaic geocentric system by Portuguese cosmographer and cartographer

,太陽居其一焦點。

二、(面積論)行星與太陽的連線在等

長的時間內掃過相同的面積。

三、(週期論)行星繞行太陽一周所需

要的時間 T,和行星軌道半軸長 a

之間有如下的關係:T2 : a3為定值

(所有的行星都相同)。

1609年,開普勒出版了《新天文學》一

書,提出了著名的開普勒第一和第二定

律。而開普勒第三定律則是在1619年出

版的《宇宙諧和論》中提出的。


科普勒第二定理 Ptolemaic geocentric system by Portuguese cosmographer and cartographer


在奧地利 Ptolemaic geocentric system by Portuguese cosmographer and cartographer Linz的科普勒雕塑


Ptolemaic geocentric system by Portuguese cosmographer and cartographer 1619年出版的Harmony of the World(宇宙諧和論)以音樂節奏般的和諧來推演出太陽中心論中行星的距離與週期。


The iconic frontispiece to the Ptolemaic geocentric system by Portuguese cosmographer and cartographer Rudolphine Tables celebrates the great astronomers of the past: Hipparchus, Ptolemy, Copernicus, and most prominently, Tycho Brahe.


位於布拉格的紀念碑 Ptolemaic geocentric system by Portuguese cosmographer and cartographer


前東德所發行的紀念郵票 Ptolemaic geocentric system by Portuguese cosmographer and cartographer 。


奧地利所發行的紀念金幣 Ptolemaic geocentric system by Portuguese cosmographer and cartographer


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