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FIRST AND SECOND CONDITIONAL PASSIVE VOICE PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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ENGLISH SCHOOL SAN LUIS GONZAGA II MISS BREATRIZ RUIZ SALINAS 2011. FIRST AND SECOND CONDITIONAL PASSIVE VOICE. 4° años medios. THE FIRST CONDITIONAL.

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FIRST AND SECOND CONDITIONAL PASSIVE VOICE

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First and second conditional passive voice

ENGLISH SCHOOL SAN LUIS GONZAGA II

MISSBREATRIZ RUIZ SALINAS

2011

  • FIRST AND SECOND

  • CONDITIONAL

  • PASSIVE VOICE

4° años medios


First and second conditional passive voice

THE FIRST CONDITIONAL

Thefirstconditional (alsocalledconditionaltype 1) is a structureusedfortalkingaboutpossibilities in thepresentor in thefuture. Thispowerwillexplainhowthefirstconditionalisformed, and whento use it.


First and second conditional passive voice

The structure of

a first conditional sentence

1.A first conditional sentence consists of two clauses, an "if" clause and a main clause:


First and second conditional passive voice

The structure of

a first conditional sentence

2.If the "if" clause comes first, a comma is usually used. If the "if" clause comes second, there is no need for a comma:


First and second conditional passive voice

The structure of

a first conditional sentence

We use different verb forms in each part of a first conditional:


First and second conditional passive voice

Examples first conditional

If it’s sunny, we go to the park.

Paula be sad if Juan leaves.

If you cook the supper, I wash the dishes.

will

will

will


First and second conditional passive voice

THE SECOND CONDITONAL

The second conditional (also called conditional type 2) is a structure used for talking about unreal situations in the present or in the future.

*Note that this "simple past" form is slightly different from usual in the case of the verb BE. Whatever the subject, the verb form is "were", not "was":

If I were rich, I'd buy a big house.


First and second conditional passive voice

The structure of a

second conditional sentence

1)Like a first conditional, a second conditional sentence consists of two clauses, an "if" clause and a main clause:


First and second conditional passive voice

The structure of a

second conditional sentence

2)If the "if" clause comes first, a comma is usually used. If the "if" clause comes second, there is no need for a comma:


First and second conditional passive voice

The structure of a

second conditional sentence

We use different verb forms in each part of a second conditional:


First and second conditional passive voice

Example second conditional

If I were you, I drive more carefully

in the rain.

Paula be sad if Jan left.

If dogs had wings, they be able to fly.

would

would

would


First and second conditional passive voice

USE OF PASSIVE VOICE

Passive voice is used when the focus is on the action. It is not important or not known, however, who or what is performing the action.

Example: My bike was stolen.

In the example above, the focus is on the fact that my bike was stolen. I do not know, however, who did it.

Sometimes a statement in passive is more polite than active voice, as the following example shows:

Example: A mistake was made.

In this case, I focus on the fact that a mistake was made, but I do not blame anyone (e.g. You have made a mistake)


First and second conditional passive voice

FORM OF PASSIVE VOICE

  • When rewriting active sentences in passive voice, note the following:

  • The object of the active sentence becomes the subject of the passive sentence

  • the subject of the active sentence becomes the object of the passive sentence (or is dropped)


First and second conditional passive voice

  • The newspaper bought.

  • El periódicoescomprado

    2. The coffee made by my sister.

    El café es preparado por mi hermana

    3. The radio plugged in.

    La radio no está enchufada

  • The robber captured by the police.

  • El ladrón fue capturado por la policía

    5. The picture painted by me.

    El cuadro fue pintado por mí

is

is

isn’t

was

was


First and second conditional passive voice

Exercises:

  • The Aconcagua Mountainclimbed by John.

  • The new car crashed by my wife.

  • The windows opened by me.

  • A glass of water drunk by me.

  • The parcel sent by you.

  • The thieves caught by them.

  • A big mistake made by the teacher.

  • A lot of food being prepared by Mary.

willbe

was

were

is

was not

were not

was

was


First and second conditional passive voice

Thankyou !!


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