The Cold War Begins. 1945-1952. Post-War America. 1946 to 1961: Four Main Themes. COLD WAR CONFIDENT NATION CONSUMERISM CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT. Was it a time of “happy days or anxiety, alienation, and social unrest”?. 1948 to 1968: The “Vital Center”. A political consensus developed.
Four Main Themes
Was it a time of “happy days or anxiety, alienation, and social unrest”?
The “Vital Center”
A political consensus developed
Leave It to Beaver1957-1963
The Donna Reed Show1958-1966
Father Knows Best1954-1958
The Ozzie & Harriet Show1952-1966
The U. S. population was on the move in the late 1940s and into the 1950s.
“It seems to me that every other young housewife I see is pregnant.”
British visitor to America, 1958
Soviet & Eastern Bloc Nations[“Iron Curtain”]
US & the Western Democracies
GOAL “Containment” of Communism & the eventual collapse of the Communist world.[George Kennan]
GOAL spread world-wide Communism
Nazileaders being tried for war crimes and crimes against civilians: Established the principle: That individuals are responsible for the actions regardless if they are carrying out orders.
Crimes against peace, humanity = war crimes
Important principle established:
Individuals responsible for their actions
Several Nazi leaders would be found guilty for crimes against humanity. Punishments ranged from prison sentences up to life and execution by hanging.
“From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic, an iron curtain has descended across the Continent.”
Containment: Stop the expansion of Communism in Asia and Europe
Democracy vs. Communism
Bi-Polarization of the World
Soviet Union/China and Allies
US, Allied Nations and Allied colonies
The first use of “containment”
U.S. flew supplies 24/7 to feed West Berlin for 11 months.
Analyze the successes and failures of the Cold War policy of containment as it developed in TWO of the following areas from 1945-1975.
Compare and contrast American foreign policies after WWI (1918-1928) and WWII (1945-1950).