The Cold War Begins. 1945-1952. Post-War America. 1946 to 1961: Four Main Themes. COLD WAR CONFIDENT NATION CONSUMERISM CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT. Was it a time of “happy days or anxiety, alienation, and social unrest”?. 1948 to 1968: The “Vital Center”. A political consensus developed.
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Four Main Themes
Was it a time of “happy days or anxiety, alienation, and social unrest”?
The “Vital Center”
A political consensus developed
Suburban Living popular cultureThe Typical TV Suburban Families
Leave It to Beaver1957-1963
The Donna Reed Show1958-1966
Father Knows Best1954-1958
The Ozzie & Harriet Show1952-1966
National Defense Budget [1940-1964] American defense spending rolling through two decades
$7,990 or $60/month with no down payment construction of suburban homes (Levittown)
Suburban Living tract homes
Baby Boomers tract homes
“It seems to me that every other young housewife I see is pregnant.”
British visitor to America, 1958
Conflicting Interests politics
The Cold War Summary: politics
The Cold War [1945-1991]: politicsAn Ideological Struggle
Soviet & Eastern Bloc Nations[“Iron Curtain”]
US & the Western Democracies
GOAL “Containment” of Communism & the eventual collapse of the Communist world.[George Kennan]
GOAL spread world-wide Communism
Nazi Eastern Europe to the Soviet Unionleaders being tried for war crimes and crimes against civilians: Established the principle: That individuals are responsible for the actions regardless if they are carrying out orders.
Crimes against peace, humanity = war crimes
Important principle established:
Individuals responsible for their actions
Several Nazi leaders would be found guilty for crimes against humanity. Punishments ranged from prison sentences up to life and execution by hanging.
The British, French, American, & SovietDivisions of Germany & Berlin
“From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic, an iron curtain has descended across the Continent.”
CONTAINMENT POLICY British, French, American, & Soviet
Containment: Stop the expansion of Communism in Asia and Europe
Democracy vs. Communism
Bi-Polarization of the World
Soviet Union/China and Allies
US, Allied Nations and Allied colonies
Truman Doctrine, 1947: British, French, American, & Soviet
The first use of “containment”
U.S. flew supplies 24/7 to feed West Berlin for 11 months.
N military interventionorth Atlantic Treaty Organization (1949)
Warsaw Pact (1955) military intervention
The military interventionBipolarization of Europe
1948 Election patsy for the communist party
The Rosenbergs is found to have lied under oath
Korean War excluding Korea [1950-1953]
The Forgotten War excluding Korea
The Shifting Map of Korea excluding Korea [1950-1953]
Soviet Union Korea to end the war1918
Berlin Blockade 1947-8
Korean War1950 to 1953
Marshall PlanBerlin AirliftNATOKorean War
Analyze the successes and failures of the Cold War policy of containment as it developed in TWO of the following areas from 1945-1975.
Compare and contrast American foreign policies after WWI (1918-1928) and WWII (1945-1950).