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LEGAL FRAMEWORK & REGULATORY SYSTEM f or introduction of NPP into Vietnam. Le Chi Dung (VARANS, Vietnam) Vienna, 10-12 December 2008. Contents. Legislative and governmental infrastructure VARANS: organization, human resource and responsibilities Authorization process for NPP

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legal framework regulatory system f or introduction of npp into vietnam

LEGAL FRAMEWORK & REGULATORY SYSTEMfor introduction of NPP into Vietnam

Le Chi Dung (VARANS, Vietnam)

Vienna, 10-12 December 2008

contents
Contents
  • Legislative and governmental infrastructure
  • VARANS: organization, human resource and responsibilities
  • Authorization process for NPP
  • Action plan for regulatory system development
  • Conclusions
legislative and governmental infrastructure
Legislative and governmental infrastructure
  • At present Vietnam has Ordinance on Radiation Protection and Control and 17 under-law regulation documents
    • They regulate radiation protection, not nuclear safety
  • Atomic Energy Law will be validated since January 1, 2009, and will replace the Ordinance
    • The Law stipulates all activities in the field of atomic energy and the assurance of safety and security in those activities
legislative and governmental infrastructure cont d
Legislative and governmental infrastructure(cont’d)

GOVERNMENT

MOST

MOIT

MOFA

Dept. of Legislation

Dept. of Energy

Dept. of Int’l Organizations

Dept. of Int’l Cooperation

INSA

VARANS

EVN

DOSTs

VAEC

varans organization human resource and responsibilities
VARANS: organization, human resource and responsibilities

Organization Chart

Division ofAdministration & Personnel

Division of Licensing

Director General

VARANS Inspectorate

Scientific Council

DDGs

Division

of International Cooperation

Division of Legislation

and Information

Division of Nuclear Safety

Division of Safeguards

Centre for Technical Supportand Emergency Response

varans organization human resource and responsibilities cont d
VARANS: organization, human resource and responsibilities (cont’d)

VARANS is an organization with the average age of 29

varans organization human resource and responsibilities cont d1
VARANS: organization, human resource and responsibilities (cont’d)

(Atomic Energy Law, Article 8)

VARANS’s responsibilities and functions:

  • Drafting legal documents on radiation and nuclear safety;
  • Registration of radioactive substances, radiation equipments, nuclear material, nuclear equipments, and licensing for conducting radiation practices in accordance with its competency;
  • Conducting and organizing verification on radiation and nuclear safety;
  • Safety oversight, inspection and enforcement;
varans organization human resource and responsibilities cont d2
VARANS: organization, human resource and responsibilities (cont’d)

VARANS’s responsibilities and functions:

  • Organizing nuclear control activities in accordance with provisions by laws;
  • Participation in emergency response;
  • Establishing and maintaining the national information system on radiation and nuclear safety;
  • Organizing and cooperating for professional trainings on radiation and nuclear safety;
  • Carrying out international cooperation activities in radiation and nuclear safety.
slide9

Authorization process (for NPP)

Vietnam is preparing for introduction of the first NPP into the country in 2020

road map for introduction of the first npp into vietnam
Road map for introductionof the first NPP into Vietnam

Decom

Preparation

Decision

D

esign

NPP Construction

Operation

missioning

and

Sitting

making

d

evelopment

Development

/

modifica

tion

of Decom

m.

Plan

Responsibi

lities of nuclear safety agency in safety

oversight

Operation

Verification

,

and approval

Inspection,

Review and

Construction

Licensing

of modification

Authorization

approval of

Licensing

Const. inspection

for

the

site

Review

& oversight

modification

and

approval

of

Decom

Plan

2009

2011

2014

2020

(~

40 yrs afterward)

authorization process for npp cont d
Authorization process (for NPP,cont’d)
  • Early Site approval, or Application for Site approval together with Application for NPP project approval
  • NPP project approval includes construction permit

GOVERNMENT

State Assessment Council

Site approval

NPP project approval

authorization process for npp cont d1
Authorization process (for NPP,cont’d)
  • “Double check” by VARANS and the National Nuclear Safety Council

MOIT (issues)

National Nuclear Safety Council(reviews assessment)

Operation license

VARANS(assesses)

action plan for regulatory system development legal documents
Action plan for regulatory system development (legal documents)
  • Preparation Stage (to be issued in Quarter I/2009)

- Decree on Nuclear Power Plants

  • Sitting Stage (to be issued in Quarter III/2009)

- Requirements for sitting

- Guidance on site approval procedure

  • Construction Licensing (to be issued in Quarter I/2010)

- Requirements for design

- Guidance on construction permit procedure

action plan for regulatory system development approach
Action plan for regulatory system development (approach)
  • Active support of IAEA

- TC Project on Strengthening Regulatory Body Capacity

  • Close cooperation with other countries

- US NRC helps in drafting generic regulatory documents

- VARANS prepares specific documents for the country

  • Detailed plan for human resource development including recruitment and training(basic and qualification)
conclusions
Conclusions
  • Weak points of Vietnam
    • There are not enough regulations and guides on radiation safety; no one on nuclear safety, except provisions in Atomic Energy Law
    • VARANS’s responsibilities and functions are specified by Law, but VARANS has too few experienced staff
    • Authorization procedures (for NPP) are too complicated (there is no unique competent responsible regulatory body)
    • It is unclear coordination role and special measures in case of Nuclear Emergency
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