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SOCIALIZATION & PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT

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SOCIALIZATION & PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT. CH 5. PERSONALITY = SUM TOTAL OF BEHAVIORS, ATTITUDES, VALUES, & BELIEFS THAT ARE CHARACTERISTIC OF AN INDIVIDUAL SOCIALIZATION = PROCESS THROUGH WHICH PEOPLE LEARN THE BASIC SKILLS, VALUES, BELIEFS AND BEHAVIOR PATTERNS OF SOCIETY.

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Presentation Transcript
slide2
PERSONALITY =
    • SUM TOTAL OF BEHAVIORS, ATTITUDES, VALUES, & BELIEFS THAT ARE CHARACTERISTIC OF AN INDIVIDUAL
  • SOCIALIZATION =
    • PROCESSTHROUGH WHICH PEOPLE LEARN THE BASIC SKILLS, VALUES, BELIEFS AND BEHAVIOR PATTERNS OF SOCIETY
nature vs nurture
NATURE vs. NURTURE
  • WHAT HAS MORE INFLUENCE….HEREDITY OR ENVIRONMENT???
  • SOCIOLOGISTS FOCUS MORE ON NURTURE
nature
NATURE
  • SOCIOLOGISTS DO RECOGNIZE THE ROLE OF HEREDITY THROUGH….
    • APTITUDE = POTENTIAL
    • INSTINCT = BIOLOGICALLY PRE=PROGRAMMED BEHAVIOR PATTERN
personality development
Personality Development
  • How could each of these factors affect personality?
    • Parental characteristics
    • Cultural Environment: Society
    • Heredity - (sociobiologists)
    • Birth Order
influences on personality
Influences on Personality
  • Parental Characteristics
    • Young vs. older parents
    • Education
    • Religious Background
    • Economic status
    • Occupation
influences on personality1
Influences on Personality
  • Cultural Environment
    • Example:
      • US = competitive, assertive, individuals
      • Japan = cooperative, passive, group
  • Sex differences
    • Girls = pink & dolls vs. Boys = blue & soldiers
  • Ethnic backgrounds
birth order
Birth Order
  • Position born in family
  • Birth order is another attempt to gain insight into the development of personality
slide10

A. perfectionistic, reliable, conscientious, list maker, well organized, critical, serious, scholarly B. mediator, fewest pictures in the family photo album, avoids conflict, independent, extreme loyalty to the peer group, many friends, a maverick C. manipulative, charming, blames others, shows off, people person, good salesperson, precocious, engaging

slide11

If you picked…

  • A= first born
  • B = a middle child (second born of three or possibly third born of four children).
  • C =the baby of the family
slide13
Identify whether or not the following behaviors are learned, or instinct:
    • Speaking
    • Walking
    • Crying when sad
    • Smiling when happy
    • Yelling when angry
slide14
WHAT IMPACT WOULD THERE BE ON A CHILD WHO WAS ISOLATED FROM BIRTH….OR IN OTHER WORDS….NEVER BEEN SOCIALIZED???
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