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ACA Summit Salzburg Global Seminar. “New Rules for Global Finance” Nicholas W. Conger (WVWC) & Nora Myers (UCWV) October 15, 2011. Appalachian College Association (ACA) Mellon Foundation Fellowship. Salzburg Global Seminar. Austria. Austria. Austrian Alps – The Sound of Music.

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Aca summit salzburg global seminar

ACA Summit Salzburg Global Seminar

“New Rules for Global Finance”

Nicholas W. Conger (WVWC) & Nora Myers (UCWV)

October 15, 2011

Salzburg global seminar

  • Appalachian College Association (ACA)

  • Mellon Foundation Fellowship

Salzburg Global Seminar





Austrian alps the sound of music

Austrian Alps – The Sound of Music

Grand tetons national park wyoming

Grand Tetons National ParkWyoming

Salzburg global seminar1

Salzburg Global Seminar

Schloss library

Schloss Library

Schloss dining room

Schloss Dining Room

Weiner schnitzel

Weiner Schnitzel

Apple strudel but

Apple Strudel…but…

Salzburg global seminar2

Vienna, Austria


1st Time in Vienna

Salzburg Global Seminar

Belvedere palace prince eugene

Belvedere Palace – Prince Eugene

City hall

City Hall

Schonbrunn palace hapsburg

Schonbrunn Palace - Hapsburg

St stephens cathedral

St. Stephens Cathedral

Vienna opera house

Vienna Opera House

Vienna opera house1

Vienna Opera House

University of vienna universit t wien

University of Vienna Universität Wien

Vienna national library

Vienna National Library

Bratwurst sauer kraut

Bratwurst & Sauer Kraut

Caf sacher sacher tort

Café Sacher & Sacher Tort

Viennese coffee

Viennese Coffee

Hotel tram to vnb



Hotel & Tram to VNB

Austrian national bank oestereichische national bank onb

Austrian National Bank Oestereichische National Bank (ONB)

Federal reserve board fed

Federal Reserve Board (FED)

Government sponsored enterprises gse s

Government Sponsored Enterprises (GSE’s)

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Salzburg Global Seminar

Conservatorship of gses september 7 2008

Conservatorship of GSEs - September 7, 2008

Aca summit salzburg global seminar

2008 Global Financial Crisis

Review of the Carnage…

2008 global financial crisis

2008 Global Financial Crisis

New rules for global finance

2008 Global Financial Crisis

“The Worst Crisis Since 1929”

  • Commercial Bank Failures in Ireland, UK, Iceland

  • Hedge Fund Failures

  • Investment Bank Failures or Near Failure

  • Two GSE’s placed into Conservatorship

  • Global Insurance Company – CDS

  • Massive U.S. Central Bank & U.S. Treasury Infusion of Capital

New Rules for Global Finance

New rules for global finance1

Architect's of the Multi-Trillion* Fiscal Bailout

  • Hank Paulson – U.S. Treasury Sec

  • Tim Geitner – NY Fed President

  • Ben Bernanke – FED Chairman

  • White House – President’s Bush & Obama

  • Congress: Chris Dodd-Barney Frank

New Rules for Global Finance

Troubled global financial institutions

Northern Rock

Bear Stearns

Lehman Brothers

Merrill Lynch

Bank of America

Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac



Troubled Global Financial Institutions

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Salzburg Global Seminar

New Rules for Global Finance: Proposals for Regulatory Reform – Topics:

  • Capital Adequacy

  • Regulatory Structure Reforms

  • Oversight of Derivatives

  • Risk Management

  • Systemic Risk

    Europe – Asia - USA

Salzburg Global Seminar

Ewald nowotny governor onb

Ewald Nowotny – Governor, ONB

Salzburg global seminar5

Financial Stability:

The Role of the EU & the UK FSB & FSA

  • European Union (EU) Stimulus Plan

  • UK:

    Financial Stability Board (FSB) and

    FSA (Financial Services Authority)

    Starting with the EU…

Salzburg Global Seminar

The european union

  • 27 Member Nations

  • European Council

  • European Commission

  • European Central Bank

  • Maastricst Treaty - 1993

The European Union

The euro the common currency of 17 of the 27 member countries of the european union

The Euro

1€ Coin

The Euro - The Common Currency of 17 of the 27 member countries of the European Union

The european central bank

The European Central Bank

HQ: Frankfort, Germany -- President: Jean-Claude Trichet

Eu stimulus plan

  • November 2008

  • €200 Billion = $300 Billion

  • Macro Economic Plan to Limit the Economic Slowdown:

  • S-T Stimulus to increase Demand and maintain employment

  • L-T investment in strategic sectors (Research & Innovation)

EU Stimulus Plan

Uk bank rescue package

  • October 2008

  • £500 Billion = $850 Billion

  • Restore Market Confidence and Stabilize Banks

  • S-T: Loans & Guarantees

  • Direct Investment in Bank Capital

  • Anglo Irish Bank Corp Act 2009

UK Bank Rescue Package

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European Financial Regulatory Reform and Impact on Banks

  • UK: Centre for Regulatory Strategy:

    Need for Coordinated Regulatory Framework Reforms

  • London School of Economics: Capital Adequacy (Charles Goodhart: Basel II was a “miserable failure”)

  • Austrian Financial Market Authority:

    Euro Zone Problems are Country Concerns

    “We are moving in the right direction”

Salzburg Global Seminar

Salzburg global seminar7

Asian Financial Stability and Reform

  • Asian Development Bank-Manila

    (President Kuroda)

  • Financial Institutions Stability –

    Deputy Governor Vanikkul, Bangkok, Thailand

  • China Banking Regulatory Commission

    Fan Wenzhong

    “My SGS A-Ha - OMG Moment”

Salzburg Global Seminar

Financial stability reforms asia

Asian Development Bank: President Kuroda

  • Global Challenge is Economic Growth & Economic Reform Concurrently (Stimulus & Restraint)

  • Implementation Challenge Within and Across All Regions of the World

Financial Stability Reforms - Asia

Financial stability reforms asia1


Financial Institutions Stability – Governor Vanikkul

  • 1997 Currency Crisis (Baht) – Lessons Learned

  • Traditional Conservative Banking Model:10% Growth (ROE)…

  • …Not 25% (Western Target)

Financial Stability Reforms Asia

Financial stability reforms asia2


China Banking Regulatory Commission

Fan Wenzhong

  • 1997 Currency & Crisis (Baht) - Russia LTCM

    NPL @ 25%

  • China Hired Banking Experts

  • New Business Model & Risk Management…

Financial Stability Reforms - Asia

China banking regulatory commission cbrc

  • Basel III - Already Implemented

    Staggered Implementation (2019) (12% Average)

  • Regulatory Agencies Centralized

  • New Risk Management Metrics:

    Risk Adjusted-ROE

    NPL’s now at 1-2% Capital @ 12%

    PLL > 200%

China Banking Regulatory Commission (CBRC)

Salzburg global seminar8

U.S. Financial Regulatory Reforms

Center for American Progress (David Min)

The Brookings Institution (Douglas Elliott)

  • History of US Banking System – Glass Steagall

  • Regulatory Structure Fractured – Needs Harmonized

  • Large Banks Getting More Concentrated = ^ Risk

  • Lesson Learned: Due Diligence for PLS

Salzburg Global Seminar

Salzburg global seminar9

US Financial Regulatory Response

  • Initial Stimulus Packages (TARP): $700 Billion

  • Multiple Follow-On FED Programs:

  • Asset-Backed Commercial Paper

  • CP Funding Facility

  • GSE Debt & MBS Purchases

  • Money Market Investor Funding Facility

  • Term ABS Loan Facility

  • US Gov’t Bond Purchases

    Over $3 Trillion…and still counting

Salzburg Global Seminar

U s regulatory reform

US Financial Regulatory Reforms

  • Financial Crisis Inquiry Commission (2009)

  • Financial Crisis Inquiry Report (2011)*

  • Dodd-Frank Bill (July 21,2010)…

    * Scope: to examine the causes of the crisis . Membership: 6-D & 4-R. No Policy Recommendations and no specific violations cited.

U.S. Regulatory Reform

U s regulatory reform1

Dodd-Frank Bill: Objectives*

An Act: (1) to promote the financial stability of the United States by improving accountability and transparency in the financial system; (2) to end "too big to fail", (3) to protect the American taxpayer by ending bailouts, (4) to protect consumers from abusive financial services practices, and for other purposes.

*Senator Christopher Dodd (D-Conn) & Representative Barney Frank (D-Mass)

U.S. Regulatory Reform

U s regulatory reform2

Dodd-Frank Bill Accomplishments

Key areas left unaddressed

  • Derivatives

  • Credit Rating Agency Reform

  • Hedge Fund Accounting and Oversight

  • Unlike European System of Legislative Streams


  • Too Political

  • Too Fragmented

  • Too Broad

    Tries to do too much

U.S. Regulatory Reform

So are the various global regulatory reform measures good enough to prevent a future crisis

So…are the various global regulatory reform measures good enough to prevent a future crisis?

Salzburg global seminar10


”The proposals are better than we had before, but they do not go far enough”

Salzburg Global Seminar

Salzburg global seminar11

Other Issues & Proposals

  • Strengthen Corporate Governance

  • Regulation of Non-Banking Institutions

    (Shadow Banking)

  • Global Convergence & Coordination of Regulatory Reforms

Salzburg Global Seminar

Salzburg global seminar12

Key Takeaways

  • Current Regulatory Proposals Do Not go Far Enough

    (Basel III Bank Capital Adequacy - 2019)

  • “Too Big to Fail Banks” are even Bigger - US

  • Global Regulatory Structures Need To Be Reformed

  • Many Derivatives Markets remain Unregulated

  • Asian Banks have Learned Their Lesson Well

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Salzburg global seminar13

Discussion Questions…

Where Do We Go From Here?

  • Critical Thinking Needed

  • Leadership and Hard Decisions Need to be Made

  • New Business & Financial Models Needed…

    …or maybe a return to the old fashioned ones?

    “Earn a Reasonable Return on your Investment”

Salzburg Global Seminar

Micawber principle

Closing Thought*

“Annual income: twenty pounds. Annual expenditure: 19 pounds, nineteen and six, result happiness.

Annual income: twenty pounds. Annual expenditure: twenty pounds, ought and six, result misery.”

Source: David Copperfield, by Charles Dickens (1850). Quote by Wilkins Micawber, modeled on Dickens father, John Dickens who was incarcerated in debtor’s prison after failing to meet his creditor’s demands.

*Micawber Principle

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Salzburg Global Seminar

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