Pressure groups
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Pressure Groups. Their role in a Democracy. Aim of a Pressure Group. Pressure Groups do not want to govern the country . They want to influence the government to take their views into account when the government is making new laws. Types of Pressure Groups.

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Pressure Groups

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Pressure groups

Pressure Groups

Their role in a Democracy


Aim of a pressure group

Aim of a Pressure Group

  • Pressure Groups do not want to govern the country .

  • They want to influence the government to take their views into account when the government is making new laws.


Types of pressure groups

Types of Pressure Groups

  • When discussing Pressure Groups we can divide them into two types

  • Cause Groups

  • Interest Groups


Cause groups

Cause Groups

  • Child Poverty Action Group

  • Shelter

  • Amnesty International

  • Greenpeace


Examples of interest groups

Examples of Interest Groups

  • TUC

  • CBI

  • BMA

  • NFU


Interest groups 1

Interest Groups 1

  • These groups exist to advance the economic or professional interests of their members.

  • Trade Unions

  • Employers Associations

  • Professional associations


Interest groups 2

Interest Groups 2

  • These groups can sometimes be described as insider groups.

  • This means they have access to the decision makers.

  • NFU consulted by senior civil servants about regulations concerning BSE or Foot and Mouth


Insider groups

Insider Groups

  • BMA consulted by government when new legislation being introduced regarding health or the reform of the NHS


Cause groups1

Cause Groups

  • These groups do not have the same access to the decision makers as interest groups. They therefore rely on other methods to influence the government.


Why has there been a growth in pressure groups

Why has there been a growth in Pressure Groups?

  • Disillusionment with political parties

  • Much more laws and regulations (European Parliament, Scottish Parliament) Therefore people more likely to be affected by these decisions.

  • Success of other pressure groups


Are pressure groups good for democracy

Allows ordinary people to participate in the democratic process

Allows more scrutiny of government

Important decisions are often made by small groups of influencial people in private.

Are pressure groups good for democracy ?


Methods of cause groups

Methods of Cause Groups

  • Petitions

  • Lobbying Parliament

  • Press campaigns

  • Direct Action


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