DwqW Aqy ADwqW
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DwqW Aqy ADwqW. swfI DrqI qy imlx vwly kul 92 q`qW nUM auhnW dy guxW dy AwDwr qy iqMn BwgW iv`c vMifAw jWdw hY[iehnW 92 DwqW iv`coN 70 DwqW hn[. DwqW dy gux. DwqW iv`c DwqvI cmk huMdI hY[ ijvyN :- AYlUmInIAm,lohw,sonw,cWdI,qWbw[. ku`t ky p`qry bxwey jw skdy hn[.

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swfI DrqI qy imlx vwly kul 92 q`qW nUM auhnW dy guxW dy AwDwr qy iqMn BwgW iv`c vMifAw jWdw hY[iehnW 92 DwqW iv`coN 70 DwqW hn[


Dwqw dy gux
DwqW dy gux AwDwr qy iqMn BwgW iv`c vMifAw jWdw hY[iehnW 92 DwqW iv`coN 70 DwqW hn[

DwqW iv`c DwqvI cmk huMdI hY[

ijvyN :- AYlUmInIAm,lohw,sonw,cWdI,qWbw[


Dwqw kutixxog aqy ikcixxog humdiaw hn

ku`t ky p`qry bxwey jw skdy hn[ AwDwr qy iqMn BwgW iv`c vMifAw jWdw hY[iehnW 92 DwqW iv`coN 70 DwqW hn[

iK`c ky qwrW bxweIAW jw skdIAW hn[

DwqW kutIxXog Aqy iKcIxXog huMdIAW hn[


DwqW Tos huMdIAW hn,pr pwrw ie`k AijhI Dwq hY jo sDwrn qwpmwn qy qrl AvsQw iv`c imldI hY[

pwrw


Dwqw dy ipglwe drjy bhuq au cy humdy hn pr gyliam ie k aijhi dwq hy ijhvi h q au qy hi ipgl jwdi hy
DwqW dy ipGlwE drjy bhuq au~cy huMdy hn[ qwpmwn qy qrl AvsQw iv`c imldI hY[pr gylIAm ie`k AijhI Dwq hY ijhVI h`Q au~qy hI ipGl jWdI hY[

qwbW 1083°Cqy ipGldw hY[

Lohw 1535°C qy ipGldw hY[

gylIAm h`Q qy hI ipGldw hY[


Dwqw ibjli diaw cwlk humdiaw hn
DwqW ibjlI dIAW cwlk huMdIAW hn[ qwpmwn qy qrl AvsQw iv`c imldI hY[


Dwqw di rswiexk ikiraw
DwqW dI rswiexk ikirAw qwpmwn qy qrl AvsQw iv`c imldI hY[

DwqW AwksIjn nwl ikirAw krky DwqvI AwksweIf bxwauNdIAW hn[

2Mg + O2 = 2MgO

DwqW pwxI nwl ikirAw krky hweIfRojn gYs CfdIAW hn[

Mg (s) + 2H2O(g) -> Mg(OH)2(aq) + H2(g)

Mg(s) + 2HCl(aq) ---> MgCl2(aq) + H2(g)


Adwqw dy gux
ADwqW dy gux qwpmwn qy qrl AvsQw iv`c imldI hY[


hIrw ie`k ADwq hY (kwrbn)Aqy ieh sB qoN kTor pdwrQ hY[ qwpmwn qy qrl AvsQw iv`c imldI hY[



Adwqw di awksijn nwl ikiraw
ADwqW dI AwksIjn nwl ikirAw qwpmwn qy qrl AvsQw iv`c imldI hY[

2Na + O2 --> Na2O

4K (s) + O2 (g) -----> 2K2O


Ikirawsilqw lvi
ikirAwSIlqw lVI qwpmwn qy qrl AvsQw iv`c imldI hY[

  • K potwSIAm v`D ikirAwSIl

  • Na sofIAm

  • Mg mYgnISIAm

  • Al AYlUmInIAm

  • Zn izMk

  • Fe Awiern

  • Pb lY`f

  • Cu kwpr

  • Ag cWdI

  • Au sonw G`t ikirAwSIl


Lohy num jmg lgxw
lohy nUM jMg lgxw qwpmwn qy qrl AvsQw iv`c imldI hY[

  • lohy nUM jMg lgx leI hvw Aqy pwxI dovW dI loV huMdI hY[ieh hyT idKwey pRXog iv`c vI idKwieAw igAw hY[


Imsirq dwqw ieh do jw do qon v d dwqw jw adwqw qon iml ky bxdiaw hn
imSirq DwqW qwpmwn qy qrl AvsQw iv`c imldI hY[ieh do jW do qoN v`D DwqW jW ADwqW qoN iml ky bxdIAW hn[

stIl bRoNz brws

AYlnIko ifaUrylIAm


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