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MATURITA TOPICS Canada_General facts II _14. ANJ_Maturita. Mgr. Filip Soviš. www.zlinskedumy.cz. Canada. Geography ( moutains , rivers , lakes , etc .) Climate People & Lifestyle ( culture , sport, etc .) Natural Wonders , Wildlife Places of Interest Other. PART II. Canada.

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MATURITA TOPICS Canada_General facts II _14

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Maturita topics canada general facts ii 14

MATURITA TOPICSCanada_General facts II_14

ANJ_Maturita

Mgr. Filip Soviš

www.zlinskedumy.cz


Canada

Canada

  • Geography (moutains, rivers, lakes, etc.)

  • Climate

  • People&Lifestyle (culture, sport, etc.)

  • Natural Wonders, Wildlife

  • PlacesofInterest

  • Other

PART II


Canada1

Canada

What do you know about the geography ofCanada?

  • a seashoreon theArcticOcean - thelongestcoastline

  • in thesouthan 8,892km boundarywiththeUSA

  • in thenorth‑westAlaska

  • acrosstheArcticOceanisRussia

  • 80% ofthepopulation150km fromtheUS‑Canadianborder

  • thesouthern part ofthe country covered in forest

  • thenorthern part mostlytundra

  • mountainranges: Torngats, Appalachians and Lau­rentians in theeast; the Rocky Mountains, theCoastal and Mackenzie Mountains and theMelvilleHills in thewestcoast

  • thehighestmountainisMt Logan (RM in the Yukon; 6,050 m)


Canada2

Canada

Can you name any lakes, rivers and parks?

  • 2 millionlakes (about 7.6% oftheCanadianlandmass)

  • fourofthe Great Lakeswiththe USA: Lake Superior, Huron, Erie and Ontario

  • otherlakes: Great Slave Lake, Winnipeg, Great BearLake in theNorthwestTerritories

  • rivers: theSt Lawrence (3.058 km; shipsfromtheGreat Lakes to theAtlanticOcean), the Mackenzie, theYukon, theFraser, the Columbia, the Nelson

  • 38 nationalparks: Banff (in Alberta; founded in 1885 - theeasternslopesofAlberta's Rocky Mountains); TukutNogaitpark situated in theNorthwestTerritories

  • over 1,000 provincialparks and nearly 50 territorialparks

  • only 12% ofthelandissuitableforagriculture


Canada3

Canada

Which famous waterfalls are situated on the border with the USA?

Niagara Falls

  • created by theWisconsin glaciation (the last iceageabout 10,000 years ago)

  • thename: 1) fromthe "Niagagarega" people

    2) from"Ongniaahra" = "point oflandcut in two"

  • theCanadian part iscalledHorseshoeFall

  • on the Niagara River (drainsLakeErieintoLakeOntario)

  • drop about53 m (theAmericanFallsbetween 21–30 m)

  • major producerofhydro‑electricityforthecountry


Canada4

Canada

What is the climate in Canada?

  • mostly a continentalclimatewithcoldsnowywinters and warmsummers

  • the far north a polarclimate (permanentlyfrozenicecaps; -50°C)

  • most ofthepopulationwithin300 km ofthesouthernborder: mildsprings, hot summer (sometimes 35°C), pleasantlycrispautumns, coldwinter (to -25°C)

  • thelushvegetationofBritishColumbia'swestcoast

  • moderateclimateis in theeast


Canada5

Canada

WhataboutthewestofCanada?

  • Western Canada (the Western provinces, commonly the West)

  • four provinces: British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba

  • British Columbia= the Pacific Province (moderate oceanic climate)

  • Alberta and British Columbia= "mountain provinces"

  • Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba= the Prairie Provinces (simply the Prairies)

  • Alberta (dry continental climate, warm summers,cold winters)

  • Saskatchewan and Manitoba (continental climate, extremes in weather)


Canada6

Canada

What do you know about Canadianwildlife (flora and fauna)?

  • natural habitatfor many different animal species

  • beaver = theCanadiannational animal

  • Canadian Horse declared an official Canadian symbol in 1909

  • typicalanimals: bison, moose, bears, cougars, rattle-snakes, Canadagoose, coyote, etc

  • approximately 17,000 identified species of trees, flowers, herbs, ferns, mosses and other flora

  • Maple leaf and maple tree is the national flora symbol


Canada7

Canada

What are some characteristic Canadian sports and pastimes?

  • icehockey (inventedthere)

  • American (Canadian) football

  • basketball

  • lacrosse

  • curling


Canada8

Canada

Do you know any famous Canadians?

  • award‑winningwriters: Margaret Atwood (The Blind Assassin), Michael Ondaatje (TheEnglishPatient)

  • music: Leonard Cohen (singer and poet), Neil Young (guitarist, singer‑songwriter), Nelly Furtado (pop singer), CelineDion (known as Queenof Pop), Brian Adams (singer), Crash Test Dummies (band)

  • actors: comedianJim Carrey, Dan Aykroyd (Ghostbusters), Sandra Bullock, KeanuReeves

  • directors: James Cameron(Aliens, Terminator, True Lies, Titanic)

  • sportsmen: Wayne Gretzky, Mario Lemieux, SidneyCrosby (hockey), Terry Fox(runner; missingone leg), DonovanBailey (sprinter), RyderHesjedal (cycling), Jennifer Jones (curling)


Canada9

Canada

Ifyouwentthere, whatwouldyou do there, likevisiting?

  • Niagara Falls ("HorseshoeFalls", themost powerfulwaterfall in North America)

  • Montreal (uniqueamongNorthAmericancitiesbecauseofitshistory, French)

  • Toronto (a lively, multicultural city)

  • Vancouver (spectacularnatural beautywherethePacificOceanmeetstheCoastalMountains)

  • Calgary (The Calgary Stampede, oneoftheworld'slargestrodeosknown as "TheGreatestOutdoor Show on Earth")

  • Saint John (the Saint John City Market – theoldestcontinuingfarmer's market in Canada)


Bibliografick citace

Bibliografické citace

BRIDGE. Canada[online]. 2010-2013 [cit. 2013-02-28]. Soubor typu PDF. Dostupné z: http://www.bridge-online.cz/maturita/maturitni-karty

BURNIE, Glen a Rob RAESIDE. FlagsoftheWorld. CRW Flags' Online Catalog [online]. 1996-2013, 2013-01-04 [cit. 2013-01-05]. Dostupné z: http://www.crwflags.com/fotw/flags/country.html#n

ALT, Tobias. PeytoLake-Banff NP-Canada[online]. 2005 [cit. 2013-02-28]. Obrázek typu JPEG, CreativeCommons. Dostupné z: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Peyto_Lake-Banff_NP-Canada.jpg

SMITH-DLUHÁ, Gabrielle. Angličtina: otázky a odpovědi nejen k maturitě. 1. vyd. Dubicko: INFOA, 2007, 231 s. Zrcadlový text. ISBN 978-80-7240-489-6.


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