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The French and Indian War. British-French Rivalry. British-French Rivalry. Population in the British colonies grew resulting in people moving west into the Ohio River Valley. This land was controlled by French fur traders.

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British-French Rivalry

  • Population in the British colonies grew resulting in people moving west into the Ohio River Valley.

    • This land was controlled by French fur traders.

    • The French controlled this land because they traded fur with Native Americans.

      • They became very rich!

  • In the 1740s, British went into the Ohio River Valley and built a fort deep in the French territory.

  • What is going to happen?????


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  • The French attacked them and drove the British back to their land.

  • Then France built a string of forts to protect their land.

  • Two mighty powers - Britain and France – were headed for a showdown in North America.

  • Britain and France didn’t like each other, and had been competing for wealth for centuries.


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Native Americans Take Sides land.

  • Whatever side the Native Americans chose would be important…. WHY???

  • The side that received the most help in the war from the Native Americans would win the war and control North America.


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  • The Native Americans decided the support the land. French for the following reasons:

    • the French just wanted to trade furs

    • The British wanted to take their land

    • the French were more tolerant of Native American customs

    • some Frenchmen married Native American women

    • some Frenchmen followed Native American customs


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American Colonist Take Action British were the

  • Virginia sent a 21 year old planter and surveyor named George Washington to the Ohio River Valley.

  • Washington’s mission was to tell the French that they were trespassing on territory claimed by Britain and demand that they leave.


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  • The French ignored Washington’s warning. British were the

  • The governor of Virginia made Washington a lieutenant colonel

    • And sent him back to the Ohio country with a small army of 150 men

    • Washington had instructions to build a fort in Pittsburgh.

  • When Washington and his troops arrived, they found the French already building a fort on that spot.


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  • Washington established a small post called British were the Fort Necessity nearby.

  • Washington was outnumbered!

    • he decided to attack the French.

    • The French, however, surrounded Washington’s soldiers and forced them to surrender

  • Even though George Washington lost to the French, he became a hero because he struck the first blow against the French.

  • Washington’s defeat at Fort Necessity marked the beginning of a full scale war known as the French and Indian War.


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George Washington British were the

Fort Necessity


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  • While Washington struggled with the French, representatives from the colonies met to discuss the threat of war.

  • The representatives assembled in Albany, NY.

    • Wanted the colonies to work together to beat the French

    • They also hoped to persuade the Iroquois to take their side against the French.

  • The representatives adopted a plan suggested by Benjamin Franklin, the Albany Plan of Union.

Benjamin Franklin


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  • The Albany Plan of Union called for the following: from the colonies met to discuss the threat of war.

    • One general government that ruled all the colonies would:

      • collect taxes

      • raise troops

      • regulate trade

  • No colony approved the plan because they did not want to give up any of its power.

  • The Albany meeting failed to unite the colonies.


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The colonists aren’t united so…… from the colonies met to discuss the threat of war.

What do you think will happen next?


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The British Government Takes Action from the colonies met to discuss the threat of war.


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  • Gen. Edward Braddock commander of the British army in America

  • Britain sent him to drive the French out of the Ohio River Valley.

    • George Washington served as one of his guides.

      • He tried to tell Braddock that his army’s formal style of marching was not well suited to fighting in frontier country.

        • Lined up in columns and rows, the troops made easy targets for the French and Native Americans.


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Why did America

George Washington

warn General Braddock about his style of marching?

What do you think Braddock did?


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  • Braddock ignored the advice!! America

  • The combined force of Native American warriors and French troops ambushed the British.

    • The Indians fired from behind trees, aiming at the bright uniforms.

  • The British could not even see their attackers.

  • Braddock was killed along with nearly 1,000 troops.

  • Washington led the survivors back to VA.


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  • They killed settlers, burned farmhouses and crops, and drove many families back toward the coast.

  • To avoid having to deal w/ constant arguments from the colonies about the costs of the war, Britain decided to pay for supplies needed for the war – not matter the cost. In doing so, Britain ran up an enormous debt.

  • The turning point of the war was when the British defeated the French and captured Fort Louisbourg.


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The Fall of New France many families back toward the coast.


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  • The treaty made the following provisions: many families back toward the coast.

    • France was permitted to keep the West Indies

    • France agreed to give Britain Canada and all the land east of the Mississippi River

    • Spain, who assisted the French, gave Britain Florida.

    • France agreed to give Spain all their land west of the Mississippi River

  • The Treaty of Paris 1763 marked the end of France as a power in North America.


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Trouble on the Frontier many families back toward the coast.


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Trouble on the Frontier many families back toward the coast.

  • The British victory over the French dealt a blow to the Native Americans of the Ohio River Valley. They had lost their French allies and trading partners.

  • Although they continued to trade w/ the British, the Indians regarded them as enemies.

  • The British raised the prices of their goods and, unlike the French, refused to pay rent for their forts.


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  • Worst of all, British settlers began moving into their territory.

  • Pontiac, an Indian chief, recognized that the British settlers threatened the Native American way of life.

  • Pontiac wanted to join Indian groups to fight the British. He managed to put together an alliance of Native Americans.

  • He laid siege to the British fort in Detroit while other war parities captured most of the other British outpost in the Great Lakes region.


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  • These series of attacks has come to be known as Pontiac’s War.

  • The Native Americans, however, failed to capture the important strongholds. The war ended when Pontiac learned that the French had signed the Treaty of Paris 1763.

  • To prevent more fighting, Britain’s king, George III, issued the Proclamation Line of 1763. This imaginary line prevented settlers from going west of the Appalachian Mountains.



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  • The proclamation angered many people and they felt King George III had no right to impose such a law.

  • Although the end of the French and Indian War brought peace for the first time in many years, the Proclamation Line of 1763 created friction between Britain and the colonies.


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