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Fair Labor Standards Act. Classification & Compensation Roundtable June 15, 2011 Lidia Santiesteban, CCP Senior Compensation Consultant Department of Personnel. Agenda. Welcome. What is the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA)? Who is covered? What is covered under the Act?

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Fair labor standards act

Fair Labor Standards Act

Classification & Compensation Roundtable

June 15, 2011

Lidia Santiesteban, CCP

Senior Compensation Consultant

Department of Personnel


Agenda

Agenda

  • Welcome.

  • What is the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA)?

  • Who is covered?

  • What is covered under the Act?

    • Minimum wage and overtime.

    • Equal pay for men and women.

    • Child labor – when can children work and what type of work can they do?

  • Nursing mothers amendment.

  • What is not covered under the Act?

  • What can DOL do if an employer fails to comply.

  • Part 541 of the FLSA: Exemptions.

  • DOL videos addressing FLSA exemptions.

  • Other.

  • FLSA links of interest.

  • Handouts.


What is the fair labor standards act flsa

What is the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA)?

The FLSA is a federal law that sets minimum wage, overtime pay, equal pay, record keeping and child labor standards for employees (who are covered by the Act) in the private sector as well as those employed in the federal, state and local government. The FLSA was enacted by the United States Congress in 1938 and amended several times since.

The latest amendment to the FLSA is: The Nursing Mothers Amendment (2010).


What is covered under the act minimum wage and overtime

What is covered under the Act? Minimum wage and overtime

  • The federal minimum wage is $7.25 per hour .

  • The State of Washington ‘s minimum wage is $8.67.

  • Overtime is generally paid at the rate of time-and-a-half for all hours worked in excess of 40 in a seven-day workweek.

  • If a position is not exempt under the FLSA, it cannot be exempt under state law.

  • For all practical purposes, organizations can assume that all employees are covered under the federal wage and hour laws.

  • An agreement between an employer and an employee that minimum wage and overtime will not be paid is void and unenforceable (even in the event of unauthorized overtime), based upon two U.S. Supreme Court decisions from the 1940s: Brooklyn Sav. Bank v. O'Neil, 324 U.S. 697, 65 S.Ct. 895, 89 L.Ed. 1296 (1945) and D.A. Schulte, Inc. v. Gangi, 328 U.S. 108, 66 S.Ct. 925, 90 L.Ed. 1114 (1946).


What is covered under the act equal pay for men and women

What is covered under the Act? Equal pay for men and women

  • Under the Equal Pay Act, men and women who perform the same job at the same levels of skill, experience, and responsibility must be paid the same.

    • Violation of this law raises a gender discrimination issue, which is why complaints are investigated by the EEOC. For comparison purposes, all compensation for work performed is counted, including regular wages, bonuses, commissions, and so on, as well as the value of benefits such as tuition assistance, paid leave, and similar benefits with measurable value.

    • This is not the same as "equal pay for comparable work", a rule followed by only a handful of individual states (comparable worth).

  • Differences in pay must be supported by business-related factors, i.e., may not be based on gender or other minority characteristics.


What is covered under the act child labor

What is covered under the Act? Child Labor

  • In most situations, children younger than 14 may not work for an employer.

  • Children ages 14 and 15 may work, but only in non-hazardous occupations and only during non-school hours;

  • there is also a substantial limitation on the number of hours they can work each day and week.

  • Children ages 16 and 17 may work any hours they want, but may not work in hazardous occupations.

  • Once a person reaches age 18, there is no limitation on either hours or duties (other than whatever OSHA rules may apply).


Nursing mothers amendment

Nursing Mothers Amendment

  • The Nursing Mothers Amendment, which became effective on March 23, 2010, requires employers to provide unpaid "reasonable break time for an employee to express breast milk, for her nursing child for one year after the child's birth, each time such employee has need to express milk."

  • The law also requires employers to provide "a place, other than a bathroom, that is shielded from view and free from intrusion from coworkers and the public, which may be used by an employee to express breast milk.”

  • The law does not apply to employees who qualify as exempt under 29 U.S.C. § 213. Nonetheless, the DOL is encouraging employers to provide break time for all nursing mothers.

  • Employers with 50 or more employees must comply with the law without exception.


What is not covered under the act

What is not covered under the Act?

FLSA does not mandate that the employer provide any of the following:

  • Meal and rest breaks; however, the State may do so, and does.

  • Paid time off for holidays, vacation, sick days.

  • Premium pay for hours worked on weekends or holidays .

  • Severance pay .

  • Benefits.

  • Pay raises .


Fair labor standards act

What can DOL do if we fail to comply? The Wage & Hour Division of DOL Collected Over $1.4 Billion (2001 – 2008)

Only about 20% of investigations find no violations.


What can dol do if we fail to comply

What can DOL do if we fail to comply?

  • Over 197,000 employees received FLSA related back wages in 2008, it grew in 2009 & 2010 and expected to be even higher in 2011.

  • $16 million resulting from minimum wage violations.

  • $123 million in overtime back wages resulting from FLSA violations.

  • WHD examined 24,500 of the 28,242 cases for FLSA compliance.

  • 17,700 cases resulted in citations for violations.

  • WHD also assessed employers $3.1 million in FLSA civil money penalties

Note: The number of employees receiving back wages sums to more than the 197,000 because one employee may be due back wages for both a minimum wage and overtime violation. The number of violation cases sums to greater than 17,700 for the same reason.


Fair labor standards act part 541

Fair Labor Standards Act – Part 541

Defining and Delimiting the Exemptions for Executive, Administrative, Professional, Computer and Outside Sales Employees.


Step 1 determine the type of job

Step 1: Determine the type of job

  • Executive

    • Management is employee’s primary duty.

  • Administrative

    • Office or non-manual work directly related to managementor general business operations.

  • Professional

    • Learned: Performs work that requires highly advanced knowledge and education.

    • Creative: Performs work that is artistic, creative or original.

    • Computer: Primary duties are the application, design, development, analysis and/or modification of systems, networks, database, and/or programs.

  • Outside Sales

    • Primarily makes sales or obtains orders away from the employer’s place of business.


Step 2 determine if the employee is exempt

Step 2:Determine if the employeeis exempt

Note:  The state minimum wage was updated to $8.67 effective January 1, 2011.


Video 1 executive exemption

Video 1: Executive Exemption

  • http://www.vodium.com/MediapodLibrary/index.asp?library=esa_541&sessionArgs=0B1000010001000

  • Discussion.


Step 2 determine if the employee is exempt cont

Step 2:Determine if the employeeis exempt (cont.)

Does the employee meet the salary test AND duties test?

If yes, the employee is exempt. If no, the employee is covered by FLSA and is nonexempt.


Video 2 administrative exemption

Video 2: Administrative Exemption

  • http://www.vodium.com/MediapodLibrary/index.asp?library=esa_541&sessionArgs=0B1000010001000

  • Discussion.


Discretion and independent judgment

Discretion and Independent Judgment

  • The comparison and evaluation of possible courses of conduct, and acting or making a decision after the various possibilities have been considered.

  • Must be exercised with respect to “matters of significance,” which refers to the level of importance or consequence of the work performed.

  • Decisions and recommendations may be reviewed at a higher level and, upon occasion, revised or reversed.

  • Factors include, but are not limited to:

    • Whether the employee has authority to formulate, affect, interpret, or implement management policies or operating practices.

    • Whether the employee carries out major assignments in conducting the operations of the business.

    • Whether the employee performs work that affects business operations to a substantial degree, even if the employee’s assignments are related to operation of a particular segment of the business.


Discretion and independent judgment cont d

Discretion and Independent Judgment – Cont’d

  • Factors include, but are not limited to:

    • Whether the employee has authority to commit the employer in matters that have significant financial impact.

    • Whether the employee has authority to waive or deviate from established policies and procedures without prior approval.

    • Whether the employee has authority to negotiate and bind the organization on matters of importance or consequence of the work performed .

    • Whether the employee provides consultation or expert advice to management.

    • Whether the employee is involved in planning long- or short-term business objectives.

    • Whether the employee investigates and resolves matters of significance on behalf of management.

    • Whether the employee represents the organization in handling complaints, arbitrating disputes or resolving grievances.


Discretion and independent judgment1

Discretion and Independent Judgment

  • Discretion and independent judgment does notinclude:

    • Applying well-established techniques, procedures or specific standards described in manuals or other sources.

    • Clerical or secretarial work.

    • Recording or tabulating data.

    • Performing mechanical, repetitive, recurrent or routine work.


Step 2 determine if the employee is exempt cont1

Step 2:Determine if the employeeis exempt (cont.)

Does the employee meet the salary test AND duties test?

If yes, the employee is exempt. If no, the employee is covered by FLSA and is nonexempt.


Step 2 determine if the employee is exempt cont2

Step 2:Determine if the employeeis exempt (cont.)

Does the employee meet the salary test AND duties test?

If yes, the employee is exempt. If no, the employee is covered by FLSA and is nonexempt.


Video 3 professional exemption

Video 3: Professional Exemption

  • http://www.vodium.com/MediapodLibrary/index.asp?library=esa_541&sessionArgs=0B1000010001000

  • Discussion.


Invention imagination originality or talent

Invention, Imagination, Originality or Talent

  • A creative professional must perform work requiring invention, imagination, originality or talent.

  • Creative professional work does notinclude:

    • Work that primarily depends on intelligence, diligence and accuracy.

    • Work that can be produced by a person with general manual ability and training.

  • Exempt status is determined on a case-by-case basis, depending on the extent of the invention, imagination, originality or talent exercised.


Step 2 determine if the employee is exempt cont3

Step 2:Determine if the employeeis exempt (cont.)

Does the employee meet the salary test AND duties test?

If yes, the employee is exempt. If no, the employee is covered by FLSA and is nonexempt.


Step 2 determine if the employee is exempt cont4

Step 2:Determine if the employeeis exempt (cont.)

Does the employee meet the salary test AND duties test?

If yes, the employee is exempt. If no, the employee is covered by FLSA and is nonexempt.


Computer employee exemption

Computer Employee Exemption

  • Does not include employees engaged in manufacture or repair of computer hardware and related equipment.

  • Employees whose work is highly dependent upon, or facilitated by the use of computers and computer software programs (e.g., engineers, drafters and other skilled in computer aided design software, but who are not primarily engaged in computer systems analysis and programming or other similarly skilled computer-related occupations identified in the primary duties test previously described, are not exempt under the computer employee exemption.


Highly compensated employees

“Highly Compensated Employees”

  • Eligible for exemption as a highly compensated employee if:

    • Earns $100,000 in total annual compensation per year, AND

    • Customarily and regularly performs any one or more of the exempt duties of an “executive”, “administrative”, or “professional” employee as defined by 29 CFR 541.

  • The State of Washington does not recognize this exemption and in cases where state law is more favorable than the FLSA, employers must follow state law. Therefore; do not assume the position is exempt because of the salary level, all positions should be reviewed for exemption.


Other

Other

Share new FLSA Exemption Assessment Form.

Open Discussion.

Share experiences with DOL audits/complaints and results.

Raise any current FLSA issues and concerns.

Questions.

Items needing additional clarification.


Flsa links of interest

FLSA Links of Interest

  • More information on the subject: www.dol.gov\fairpay

  • DOL Regulatory Library: http://www.dol.gov/whd/reg-library.htm

  • FLSA DOL Handy Reference Guide: http://www.dol.gov/whd/regs/compliance/wh1282.pdf

  • DOL Opinion Letters: http//www.dol.gov/whd/opinion/flsa.htm

  • List of Laws Administered by DOL: http://www.dol.gov/whd/regs/statutes/summary.htm

  • DOL Mediamosaic Library (training Videos on Exemptions) - http:/www.vodioum.com/mediapodlibrary/index.asp?library=esa_541&sessionArgs=0B1000010001000

  • DOL Fact Sheets: http://webapps.dol.gov/search/AdvSearch.aspx?search_term=flsa+fact+sheets

  • To ask a specific question or register a comment with DOL:

    • Email: [email protected]

    • Telephone, toll-free: 1-866-4US-WAGE

  • L&I – State of Washington specific information (Administrative Policies/RCW): http://www.lni.wa.gov/WorkplaceRights/Rules/Policies/default.asp


Handouts

Handouts

  • FAQs 541 exemption test from DOL.

  • WHD Fact Sheet #17B: Exemption for Executive Employees Under the Fair Labor Standards Act.

  • WHD Fact Sheet #17C: Exemption for Administrative Employees Under the Fair Labor Standards Act.

  • WHD Fact Sheet #17D: Exemption for Professional Employees Under the Fair Labor Standards Act.

  • WHD Fact Sheet #17E: Exemption for Employees in Computer Related Occupations Under the Fair Labor Standards Act.

  • WHD Fact Sheet #22: Hours Worked Under the Fair Labor Standards Act.

  • Nursing Mothers Amendment Summary.


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