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London City Information Group. The Research Continuum…..‘From Data Retrieval to Organisational Research Consultant.’. Thursday 25 th May 2006 Stephanie Wheeler Roberta Gardner. Objectives. To explore the meaning and importance of personality traits within the workplace

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London city information group

London City Information Group

The Research Continuum…..‘From Data Retrieval to

Organisational Research Consultant.’

Thursday 25th May 2006

Stephanie Wheeler

Roberta Gardner



  • To explore the meaning and importance of personality traits within the workplace

  • To discuss the range of research/information roles within organisations

  • To discuss the range of personality traits demonstrated by research and information professionals

  • To look at PAPI - a personality-based assessment tool and how it applies to individuals and teams of researchers

Definition of personality

Definition of personality

“A complex and unique set of psychological qualities that influence an individual’s characteristic patterns of behaviour over time across different situations”

Trait theories

Trait theories

  • trait theorists start from the premise that a personality can be described by its position on a number of separate dimensions each of which represents a trait

  • a trait is any characteristic in which one individual differs from another in a relatively permanent and consistent way

  • opinions differ as to how many traits are needed to comprehensively describe the human personality

  • the most widely accepted framework consists of five broad traits and these are referred to as the ‘Big Five’

What are the three most important skills that you use in your current role

What are the three most important skills that you use in your current role?

For example:

  • Diagnostic skills

  • Interviewing/interrogative skills

  • Creative thinking

  • Influencing skills

  • Analytical skills

  • Insight

  • Attention to detail

  • Perseverance

  • Negotiation skills

  • Presentation skills

The research continuum







Back office


Supporting delivery


Knowledge and insight

Consultation and discussion

Knowledge management

Intellectual property


Middle office


Supporting innovation, sales, delivery and account management

The Research Continuum…

What is papi

What is PAPI?

Papi measures 7 factors

PAPI measures 7 factors

  • Active Dominance

  • Conscientious Persistence

  • Openness to Experience

  • Sociability

  • Work Tempo

  • Agreeableness

  • Seeking to Achieve

Papi roles

PAPI Roles

  • 10 Role scales

  • Expressed as perception statements, e.g., “I always focus on the steps ahead” [H]

  • Measure our perception of key aspects of work situation

  • External determinants of behaviour

  • ‘Situational’ characteristics that put pressure on us to behave in certain ways - organisational culture, demands of job role, management style of boss, etc.

10 role scales

10 Role scales

  • Leadership

  • Organised type

  • Integrative Planner

  • Attention to Detail

  • Conceptual Thinker

  • Social Harmoniser

  • Ease in decision making

  • Work Pace

  • Emotional Restraint

  • Role of the Hard Work

Papi needs

PAPI Needs

  • 10 Need scales

  • Expressed as preference statements, e.g., “I like to do new things” [Z - Need for Change]

  • Measures our preference for behaving in particular ways based on what has gone before, i.e., general tendency

  • Internal determinants of behaviour

  • Need satisfaction vs. Need frustration

  • A measure of stable personality traits

Papi needs1

PAPI Needs

  • Need to control others

  • Need for rules and supervision

  • Need for change

  • Need to finish a task

  • Need to be noticed

  • Need to belong to groups

  • Need to relate closely to individuals

  • Need t be forceful

  • Need to achieve

  • Need to be supportive

Papi normative version

PAPI – Normative version











1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Sten Values

Researcher a

Researcher A

Norm group:

UK General Managerial

Researcher b

Researcher B

Norm group:

UK General Managerial

Our clients

Our clients

London city information group

Contact details

Roberta Gardner Tel: 07710 121103

Contact details

Stephanie Wheeler Tel: 07710 448528

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