Marriage Intercultural Appreciation December,2004. Group from Class 4 Members: 秦海燕 、袁艳芬、刘桥君、韩小丽、廖丽君、吴云燕. Introduction. Marriage is both important in Chinese and Western Culture. However, the way to courtship( 求爱 ), to celebrate and the customs are quite different.
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Marriage Intercultural AppreciationDecember,2004
Group from Class 4
The Jinuo nationality use flowers to express love. If a girl wears a flower, that means she is willing to accept a suitor. If she takes a fancy to the suitor, the girl will ask a child to send the flower to the young man. If he accepted, the pair will "talk" about engagement by singing in antiphonal(交互轮唱) style. On the wedding ceremony, the groom must have that flower embroidered on his jacket to pledge his love.
Then, the groom and the bride leave the church by a car, which is decorated by balloons, colorful belts and shaving cream. When they are leaving, friends always purchase them in cars, and blow horns to tease them. The bride will throw the ball to the back as soon as she step out of the church, the maid of honor who is lucky enough to get the ball is said to be the next bride.
As the groom's procession arrives, the groom's spokeswoman will enter the bride's house and will carry the bride on her back. The bride cannot touch the ground with her feet until she arrives at the groom's. In some regions, the bride's relatives will throw rice into the air, hoping that the chickens around will eat the rice instead of pecking at the bride. Sometimes, a red umbrella is used to shield the bride as the opening of the umbrella will symbolize her bringing many descendants to the groom's family. As the bride leaves the house, her parents and her relatives will bid her farewell as she rides the carriage and leaves home. Wealthy brides often have servant girls who will follow her to the groom's family and continue to serve her. These maids are known as ones who 'accompany the marriage'.
After the bride arrive at the groom's house, the couple will again worship the ancestors and worship the heavens and earth.
The night before the wedding, both the bride and the groom needs to find a 'good fortune' woman and man to comb their hair in his/her home respectively. Both the bride and the groom needs to take shower before the event, change to some fresh new underwear and incense needs to be burnt. The bride also needs to sit next to a window where the moon can be seen. Their hair needs to be combed four times and each has a special meaning:
The first combing symbolizes: from beginning till the endThe second combing symbolizes: harmony from now till old ageThe third combing symbolizes: sons and grandsons all over the placeThe fourth combing summaries good wealth and a long-lasting marriage.
Chinese Wedding Dowry(嫁妆) List
Bride's dowry is mainly interior ornaments or daily necessities. Of course, wealthy parents always have the option of throwing in some real estate or couple of servant girls...
1. 24-carat gold jewelries;
2. 1 pair of chopsticks to indicate "fast son";
3. 2 bowls tied up with red string which is called "sons and grandsons bowls";
4. toilet kettle;
5. bed spread and pillows and quilt embroidered with dragon-phoenix design;
6. scissors and ruler; wallet and belt,
7. sliced candy;
8. tea sets including tea pot, tea cups and tea tray;
9. clothe wrapped together with cypress leaves,
10. lotus seeds,
11. lucky money (Li Shi),
12. dried fruit such as dragon eyes/longans.
Thank you for listening.