Europeans in the history of the world. The place of Europe in populating the earth. History of Migratory Movements in Europe. Peopling North America: Population Movements & Migration
The place of Europe in populating the earth
Peopling North America:
Population Movements & Migration
European migration across the Atlantic, beginning in the late fifteenth century, was not an anomaly within the European framework. For centuries prior to their arrival in the New World, Europeans had participated in extensive migrations throughout their continent and Asia. They were a mobile people, accustomed to the concepts of movement and migration. In many ways, the initial arrival in the New World by the Europeans and the advent of trans-Atlantic migration served to extend the migratory patterns that were already present in European society.
European population 40 -140 m (x3.5) vs.
World population 230 - 650 m (x2.8)
European population increasesconsiderably
greatmigratoryflows of people
I. Whatwas the role of Europe in populating the Earth
fromAntiquity to the 19th century?
1. The colonization of the Mediterranean basin in AncientGreece and Rome
a. Role of the Greeksaround the Mediterraneansea (likefrogsaround a pond) : transferring of the city elsewhere(e.g. Nice and Agde)
2. End of Ancient World - 1000 A.D. new population movementsshake Europe beforeitbeginsexpandingagain in the Mediterranean
3. 11th and 13th centuries:
most important Europeanmovementsoccurwhendemographicgrowthreappears
4. 14th Century: Black Plagueravages Europe between 1348 and 1352 marks a break by dramaticallyslowing down the fragile growth 25 M dead – 1/3 of the population
5. Great discoveries of the Renaissance to the Colonization of other continents
Discovery of America (15th century)
colonies in NorthAmerica, Asia and Africa
Since the birth rate remainshigh, demographicgrowthishigh
Source: Population et société, n°394, octobre 2003
demographicbehaviourwhichaims to limit population growth due to fear of scarcity of resources/wealth to beshared
Malthus (English scholar) observed that sooner or later population will be checked by famine and disease.
That the increase of population is necessarily limited by the means of subsistence, That population does invariably increase when the means of subsistence increase (and vice versa)