Social Psychology. Social Psychology is a broad field devoted to studying:. how people relate to each other the development and expression of attitudes people’s attributions about their own behavior and that of others
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how people relate to each other
the development and expression of attitudes
people’s attributions about their own behavior and that of others
the reasons why people engage in both prosocial and antisocial behavior
how the presence and actions of others influences the way people behave
An attitude is a set of beliefs and feelings
One reason that attitudes are difficult to change is due to the Cognitive Dissonance Theory.
People are motivated to have consistent attitudes and behaviors, and when they do not, they experience unpleasant mental tension (dissonance).
(proceed cautiously, allow
driver a wide berth)
“Maybe that driver is ill.”
(Speed up and race past the
other driver, craning to give
them a dirty look)
“Crazy driver!”Social Thinking
Interestingly, people do more the opposite when attributing successes or failures to themselves (we blame the situation more than ourselves).
Because Jesse is very good at psychology
Because the psychology test was easy
Jesse has always been good at psychology
Jesse just studied a lot for this particular psychology test
Mr. Baker is an easy psychology teacher
Mr. Baker is a tough psychology teacher who just happened to give one easy test
3 psychology test ……
Comparison linesSocial Influence
Asch Conformity Experiment
click above for a clip!
50 psychology test ……
Slide 2Social Influence
65% of Milgram’s “teachers” did!
That’s Almost 70%! psychology test ……
The majority of
to obey to the end
Shock levels in voltsSocial Influence
Home Advantage in Major Team Sports psychology test ……
Sport Games Home Team
Baseball 23,034 53.5%
Football 2,592 57.3
Ice hockey 4,322 61.1
Basketball 13,596 64.4
Soccer 37,202 69.0Social Facilitation
90 psychology test ……
1 2 3 4
Number of others
presumed available to helpSocial Relations
enhancement of a group’s prevailing attitudes through discussion within the group (like AA or KKK) – Yeah! I Agree!
+4 psychology test ……
After discussionSocial Influence
The tendency for people to overestimate the number of people who agree with them is called the false consensus effect.I thought everyone was against the death penalty…
IE. If Brianna hates Psychology, she assumes that most people also find it boring, tedious, and utterly useless as well. If Shavanna likes pizza, she assumes that because it’s so good that everyone must like it too. She’s shocked to find people who don’t like it as much as she does.
“The activities of married women
are best confined to home and family”
1967 ‘71 ‘75 ‘79 ‘83 ‘87 ‘91 ‘95
maintain around our bodies
90 people also find it boring, tedious, and utterly useless as well. If Shavanna likes pizza, she assumes that because it’s so good that everyone must like it too. She’s shocked to find people who don’t like it as much as she does.
Would you vote for
a woman president?
Do whites have a right
to keep minorities out of
1936 1945 1950 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995
Preconceived ideas can affect the way someone acts towards another person.
8.0 another person.
per day in
40-68 69-78 79-85 86-91 92-99
Temperature in degrees FahrenheitSocial Relations