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Freud’s Theory of personality Development. Unit 5 Lesson 2. Objectives. Discuss and evaluate Freud’s Theory of Personality Development. Identify different defense mechanisms. Warm Up. What school of psychology did Freud establish? Psychoanalytic. Psychoanalytic model of personality.

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Freud’s Theory of personality Development

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Freud s theory of personality development

Freud’s Theory of personality Development

Unit 5

Lesson 2


Objectives

Objectives

  • Discuss and evaluate Freud’s Theory of Personality Development.

  • Identify different defense mechanisms.


Warm up

Warm Up

  • What school of psychology did Freud establish?

  • Psychoanalytic


Psychoanalytic model of personality

Psychoanalytic model of personality

  • Adult personality & social relations understood by knowing how sexual and aggressive urges were managed during childhood.

  • Sexual = life instincts (eros)

  • Aggressive = death instincts (thanatos)


Freud s personality theory

Freud’s Personality Theory

  • Conflict b/t what is socially acceptable & urges (pleasure)=

  • Three part personality

    • Id (animalistic, selfish drives)

    • Superego (overly cautious, ideals)

    • Ego (balance)


Freud s theory cont

Freud’s Theory Cont…

  • Theory focuses on sexual drives

    • Body parts sensitive to sexual stimulation =

      Erogenous Zones

    • Libido – sexual/psychic energy focused on primary e.z. of particular age

    • Too much frustration or overindulgence = energy locked in stage: FIXATION


Stage 1 the oral stage

Stage 1 – The Oral Stage

  • Age: Birth to 18m

  • Erogenous Zone: Mouth

  • Focus Activities/Behaviors: Nursing, Eating, Sucking, Gumming, Biting

  • Conflict: Weaning. Deprives child of sensory & psych pleasure of nurture, care, love.

  • Later Symptoms: Smoking, drinking, constant chewing (gum, pencils) nail biting, overeating, biting sarcasm, overly talkative


Stage 2 the anal stage

Stage 2 – The Anal Stage

  • Age: 18 to 36 m

  • Erogenous Zone: Anus

  • Focus Activities/Behaviors: Retention or

    expulsion of feces

  • Conflict: Potty training. One part pleasure from going, one part trying to control function.

  • Later Symptoms:

    Anal Expulsive – messy, disorganized, careless, defiant

    Anal Retentive – neat, precise, orderly, passive-aggressive


Stage 3 the phallic stage boys

Stage 3 – The Phallic Stage (Boys)

  • Age: 3-6

  • Erogenous Zone: Genitals

  • Focus Activities/Behaviors: Fondling,

  • Conflict:

    • Oedipus Complex – sexual attraction for mom, aggression and jealously @ dad

    • Castration Anxiety – fear of losing penis (notice girls don’t have)

    • Identification – can’t have mom so will become most like man who can

  • Later Symptoms: Anxiety/guilt about sexual feelings … Share dad’s values, morals, principles


Stage 3 the phallic stage girls

Stage 3 – The Phallic Stage (Girls)

  • Age: 3-6

  • Erogenous Zone: Genitals

  • Focus Activities/Behaviors: Fondling

  • Conflict:

    • Electra Complex – sexual attraction for dad, envy mom

    • Penis Envy – notice boys have one, girls want one

    • Identification – can’t have dad so will become most like woman who can

  • Later Symptoms: Anxiety/guilt about sexual feelings … Adopt mom’s values, morals, principles…marry man like father


Stage 4 the latency period

Stage 4 – The Latency Period

  • Age: 6 to Puberty (11/13)

  • Erogenous Zone: None

  • Focus Activities/Behaviors: Sexual Repression. Libido turned to learning (gender roles, beliefs system, same sex friendships)

  • Conflict: None

  • Later Symptoms: None

    * Puberty leads to sexual reawakening!


Stage 5 the genital period

Stage 5 – The Genital Period

  • Age: Puberty on

  • Erogenous Zone: Genitals

  • Focus Activities/Behaviors: Heterosexual Relationships, Intimacy

  • Conflict: What energy is left over vs what’s locked in other stages

  • Later Symptoms: No fixations…just deal with earlier resolutions


Evaluation

Evaluation

  • Personality formed in childhood?

  • Observable?

  • Reliable?

  • Sexual desires as primary motivation?

  • Condescending notions of women (as incomplete men!)?

  • Cause of mental issues?


Defense mechanisms

Defense Mechanisms

  • Ego tool

  • Protect personality from hostile world…mind from anxiety.

    • Healthy Use / Overuse


Activity

Activity

  • Popcorn Read

  • Applying Defense Mechanisms


Closure

Closure

  • What defense mechanisms have you used in the past year? Do you use some more than others?


Homework

Homework

  • Create a new example for each of the defense mechanisms we studied.

    • You may write a scenario or choose to do a role play/charade.


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