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Chapter Eleven. Contraception and Birth Control. Risk and Responsibility. In the United States, half of all pregnancies are unintended Women, men, and birth control: who is responsible? Preventing sexually transmitted diseases. Methods of Contraception and Birth Control.

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Presentation Transcript
Chapter eleven

Chapter Eleven

Contraception and Birth Control


Risk and responsibility
Risk and Responsibility

  • In the United States, half of all pregnancies are unintended

  • Women, men, and birth control: who is responsible?

  • Preventing sexually transmitted diseases


Methods of contraception and birth control
Methods of Contraception and Birth Control

  • Birth control - any means of preventing a birth from taking place; includes contraception and abortion

  • Contraception - the prevention of conception


Choosing a method
Choosing a Method

  • Best method is the one you will use consistently

  • Theoretical effectiveness

  • User effectiveness


Sexual abstinence and outercourse
Sexual Abstinence and Outercourse

  • Abstinence

  • Celibacy

  • Outercourse


Hormonal methods
Hormonal Methods

  • The pill - oral contraceptives

  • Implants - Norplant

  • Injectable contraceptives -

    • Depo-provera (DMPA)

    • Lunelle


Barrier methods
Barrier Methods

  • Condom

  • Female condom

  • Diaphragm

  • Cervical cap

  • Contraceptive sponge


Spermicides
Spermicides

Spermicide - substance toxic to sperm

  • Bioadhesive gel

  • Contraceptive foam

  • Contraceptive film (VCF)

  • Creams and jellies

  • Vaginal suppositories


Intrauterine device iud
Intrauterine Device (IUD)

  • Tiny plastic or copper device inserted into uterus

  • Two currently available in the United States:

    • ParaGard

    • Progestasert


Fertility awareness methods
Fertility Awareness Methods

  • Calendar (rhythm) method

  • Basal body temperature (BBT) method

  • Cervical mucus method

  • Symptothermal method


Sterilization

Women:

laparoscopy

minilaparotomy

culpotomy

culdoscopy

hysterectomy

Men:

vasectomy

Sterilization


Emergency contraception
Emergency Contraception

  • Emergency contraceptive pill (ECP)

  • Copper IUD


Abortion
Abortion

  • Mifepristone (RU-486)

  • Surgical methods:

    • vacuum aspiration

    • dilation and evacuation

    • hysterotomy

  • Prostaglandins

  • Saline solutions

  • Urea


The abortion debate
The Abortion Debate

  • The pro-life argument

  • The pro-choice argument

  • Abortion and religion

  • Constitutional issues


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