RECURRENT FUEL PROBLEMS IN ZAMBIA
Download
1 / 17

RECURRENT FUEL PROBLEMS IN ZAMBIA Available Options Presented at the Economics Association of Zambia Discussion Forum - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 160 Views
  • Uploaded on

RECURRENT FUEL PROBLEMS IN ZAMBIA Available Options Presented at the Economics Association of Zambia Discussion Forum, 18 February 2010, Hotel Edinburgh, Kitwe. By Prof. Thomson Sinkala [email protected] CHAIRMAN, Biofuels Association of Zambi a. Oil / biodiesel in car. Jatropha oil.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'RECURRENT FUEL PROBLEMS IN ZAMBIA Available Options Presented at the Economics Association of Zambia Discussion Forum' - eadoin


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

RECURRENT FUEL PROBLEMS IN ZAMBIA

Available Options

Presented at the Economics Association of Zambia

Discussion Forum, 18 February 2010, Hotel Edinburgh, Kitwe.

By

Prof. Thomson Sinkala

[email protected]

CHAIRMAN, Biofuels Association of Zambia

Oil / biodiesel in car

Jatropha oil

Jatropha seeds

Jatropha oil extraction

No Cake

Cake

Jatropha cake as manure

Jatropha cake


Content of presentation
CONTENT OF PRESENTATION

Introduction

Major transport fuels/energies

Government policy, regulations, etc

Choice of liquid biofuels feedstocks

Participation by Zambians

The liquid biofuels market

Country-wide industrialization

Conclusions

Recommendations / missing link




Zambia, though totally landlocked, is totally landlinked to 8 neighbouring countries.

The country lies between 10-18oS of equator.

It is a tropical country, and the high altitude (900-1500m above sea level) gives conducive climate.

The land has potential for a large array of crops, livestock and fish production.

Distinct seasons provide exceptional natural advantages for agriculture.

Agriculture is currently largely rainfall dependent, and the country is divided into 3 agro-ecological zones based on rainfall.


Irrigation potential
Irrigation Potential

FROM: Pope A and Chitembo A. 2009. Report on deliberations of the workshop for the “Establishment of the Zambia National Sugar Strategy”. Held at the Cresta Golfview Hotel, Lusaka on 11th March 2009.


SOME CROP PRODUCTION IN ZAMBIA

SOURCE: USAID. 2007. “Annual Harvest Analysis Report for the 2006/07 Production Season”. October.


National energy mix
National Energy Mix (%)

SOURCE: Energy Statistical Bulletin (2007)


Diesel and petrol consumption
Diesel and Petrol Consumption

SOURCE: Energy Regulations Board (2009)


National Pump Price Disparities

1 US$ = K4330

January 2010



Comparison of major transport fuels energies
Comparison of major transport fuels/energies

Most common liquid fuel is fossil/petroleum fuel, which has become a major problem.


TOO MANY RISKS IN PETROLEUM FUELS SUPPLY MAKE ZAMBIA’S ECONOMY VOLATILE AND INSECURE

http://www.iea.org/Textbase/speech/2009/Tanaka/clingendael.pdf


WHICH WAY ZAMBIA? ECONOMY VOLATILE AND INSECURE

For Zambia, biofuels are therefore a solid and sustainable option.

We will soon see why.


WHAT ARE BIOFUELS? ECONOMY VOLATILE AND INSECURE

Biofuels can be defined as combustible fuels produced from biomass.

These fuels are generally in the form of alcohols, esters, ethers, and other chemicals produced from biomass.

  • THE MAJOR FUELS FOR THIS DISCUSSION ARE:

  • Bioethanol (as a petrol substitute), and

  • Biodiesel / pure plant oil (as a diesel substitute)


GOVERNMENT POLICY, REGULATIONS, ETC ECONOMY VOLATILE AND INSECUREin support of biofuels


ad