RECURRENT FUEL PROBLEMS IN ZAMBIA
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RECURRENT FUEL PROBLEMS IN ZAMBIA Available Options Presented at the Economics Association of Zambia Discussion Forum, 18 February 2010, Hotel Edinburgh, Kitwe. By Prof. Thomson Sinkala [email protected] CHAIRMAN, Biofuels Association of Zambi a. Oil / biodiesel in car. Jatropha oil.

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Recurrent fuel problems in zambia available options presented at the economics association of zambia discussion forum

RECURRENT FUEL PROBLEMS IN ZAMBIA

Available Options

Presented at the Economics Association of Zambia

Discussion Forum, 18 February 2010, Hotel Edinburgh, Kitwe.

By

Prof. Thomson Sinkala

[email protected]

CHAIRMAN, Biofuels Association of Zambia

Oil / biodiesel in car

Jatropha oil

Jatropha seeds

Jatropha oil extraction

No Cake

Cake

Jatropha cake as manure

Jatropha cake


Content of presentation

CONTENT OF PRESENTATION

Introduction

Major transport fuels/energies

Government policy, regulations, etc

Choice of liquid biofuels feedstocks

Participation by Zambians

The liquid biofuels market

Country-wide industrialization

Conclusions

Recommendations / missing link


Recurrent fuel problems in zambia available options presented at the economics association of zambia discussion forum

INTRODUCTION


Recurrent fuel problems in zambia available options presented at the economics association of zambia discussion forum

Some Underlying Data


Recurrent fuel problems in zambia available options presented at the economics association of zambia discussion forum

Zambia, though totally landlocked, is totally landlinked to 8 neighbouring countries.

The country lies between 10-18oS of equator.

It is a tropical country, and the high altitude (900-1500m above sea level) gives conducive climate.

The land has potential for a large array of crops, livestock and fish production.

Distinct seasons provide exceptional natural advantages for agriculture.

Agriculture is currently largely rainfall dependent, and the country is divided into 3 agro-ecological zones based on rainfall.


Irrigation potential

Irrigation Potential

FROM: Pope A and Chitembo A. 2009. Report on deliberations of the workshop for the “Establishment of the Zambia National Sugar Strategy”. Held at the Cresta Golfview Hotel, Lusaka on 11th March 2009.


Recurrent fuel problems in zambia available options presented at the economics association of zambia discussion forum

SOME CROP PRODUCTION IN ZAMBIA

SOURCE: USAID. 2007. “Annual Harvest Analysis Report for the 2006/07 Production Season”. October.


National energy mix

National Energy Mix (%)

SOURCE: Energy Statistical Bulletin (2007)


Diesel and petrol consumption

Diesel and Petrol Consumption

SOURCE: Energy Regulations Board (2009)


Recurrent fuel problems in zambia available options presented at the economics association of zambia discussion forum

National Pump Price Disparities

1 US$ = K4330

January 2010


Recurrent fuel problems in zambia available options presented at the economics association of zambia discussion forum

MAJOR TRANSPORT FUELS/ENERGIES


Comparison of major transport fuels energies

Comparison of major transport fuels/energies

Most common liquid fuel is fossil/petroleum fuel, which has become a major problem.


Recurrent fuel problems in zambia available options presented at the economics association of zambia discussion forum

TOO MANY RISKS IN PETROLEUM FUELS SUPPLY MAKE ZAMBIA’S ECONOMY VOLATILE AND INSECURE

http://www.iea.org/Textbase/speech/2009/Tanaka/clingendael.pdf


Recurrent fuel problems in zambia available options presented at the economics association of zambia discussion forum

WHICH WAY ZAMBIA?

For Zambia, biofuels are therefore a solid and sustainable option.

We will soon see why.


Recurrent fuel problems in zambia available options presented at the economics association of zambia discussion forum

WHAT ARE BIOFUELS?

Biofuels can be defined as combustible fuels produced from biomass.

These fuels are generally in the form of alcohols, esters, ethers, and other chemicals produced from biomass.

  • THE MAJOR FUELS FOR THIS DISCUSSION ARE:

  • Bioethanol (as a petrol substitute), and

  • Biodiesel / pure plant oil (as a diesel substitute)


Recurrent fuel problems in zambia available options presented at the economics association of zambia discussion forum

GOVERNMENT POLICY, REGULATIONS, ETC in support of biofuels


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