RECURRENT FUEL PROBLEMS IN ZAMBIA Available Options Presented at the Economics Association of Zambia Discussion Forum, 18 February 2010, Hotel Edinburgh, Kitwe. By Prof. Thomson Sinkala [email protected] CHAIRMAN, Biofuels Association of Zambi a. Oil / biodiesel in car. Jatropha oil.
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RECURRENT FUEL PROBLEMS IN ZAMBIA
Presented at the Economics Association of Zambia
Discussion Forum, 18 February 2010, Hotel Edinburgh, Kitwe.
Prof. Thomson Sinkala
CHAIRMAN, Biofuels Association of Zambia
Oil / biodiesel in car
Jatropha oil extraction
Jatropha cake as manure
Major transport fuels/energies
Government policy, regulations, etc
Choice of liquid biofuels feedstocks
Participation by Zambians
The liquid biofuels market
Recommendations / missing link
Some Underlying Data
Zambia, though totally landlocked, is totally landlinked to 8 neighbouring countries.
The country lies between 10-18oS of equator.
It is a tropical country, and the high altitude (900-1500m above sea level) gives conducive climate.
The land has potential for a large array of crops, livestock and fish production.
Distinct seasons provide exceptional natural advantages for agriculture.
Agriculture is currently largely rainfall dependent, and the country is divided into 3 agro-ecological zones based on rainfall.
FROM: Pope A and Chitembo A. 2009. Report on deliberations of the workshop for the “Establishment of the Zambia National Sugar Strategy”. Held at the Cresta Golfview Hotel, Lusaka on 11th March 2009.
SOME CROP PRODUCTION IN ZAMBIA
SOURCE: USAID. 2007. “Annual Harvest Analysis Report for the 2006/07 Production Season”. October.
SOURCE: Energy Statistical Bulletin (2007)
SOURCE: Energy Regulations Board (2009)
National Pump Price Disparities
1 US$ = K4330
MAJOR TRANSPORT FUELS/ENERGIES
Most common liquid fuel is fossil/petroleum fuel, which has become a major problem.
TOO MANY RISKS IN PETROLEUM FUELS SUPPLY MAKE ZAMBIA’S ECONOMY VOLATILE AND INSECURE
WHICH WAY ZAMBIA?
For Zambia, biofuels are therefore a solid and sustainable option.
We will soon see why.
WHAT ARE BIOFUELS?
Biofuels can be defined as combustible fuels produced from biomass.
These fuels are generally in the form of alcohols, esters, ethers, and other chemicals produced from biomass.
GOVERNMENT POLICY, REGULATIONS, ETC in support of biofuels