بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 9

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 46 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم. Preparation and Properties of Buffers. UMM AL-QURQ UNIVERSITY Faculty of Medicine Dep. Of BIOCHEMISTRY. Objectives:. To prepare Buffer solutions. To show that the pH of buffer changes on dilution. To show that the buffer capacity varies with ionic strength.

Download Presentation

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


2814080

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Preparation and Properties of Buffers

UMM AL-QURQ UNIVERSITY

Faculty of Medicine

Dep. Of BIOCHEMISTRY


Objectives

Objectives:

  • To prepare Buffer solutions.

  • To show that the pH of buffer changes on dilution.

  • To show that the buffer capacity varies with ionic strength.


2814080

Buffer solutions

Buffer solution is a solution of conjugate acid/base pair that resists changes in pH as a result of dilution or the addition of small amount of strong acid or base.

It can be prepared either by mixing weak acid with its conjugate base (salt), or by adding small amount of strong base to weak acid or by adding small amount of strong acid to weak base.


2814080

  • Buffers are used in experiments or applications whenever the pH of a solution is needed to be maintained constant or at a predetermined level.

  • Note in Figure how the plot of pH versus base added is flat near the pKa .

  • Buffers can only be used reliably within a pH unit of their pKa.


What are the unique properties of buffer solution

What are the unique properties of buffer solution?

  • Buffers do not maintain pH at absolutely constant value, but changes in pH are relatively small when amounts of acids or bases are added.

  • Effect of dilution

  • The effect of added acids and bases

  • The buffer capacity, (what is buffer capacity?)


Calculating the ph of buffer solutions

Calculating the pH of Buffer solutions

HA + H2O H3O+ + A- Ka=[H3O+][A-]/[HA]

A- + H2O OH- + HA Kb= [OH-][HA]/[A-]

[H3O+] = Ka. [HA]/[A-]

Or

pH = pKa + log ([A-]/[HA])


2814080

What is the pH of a solution that is 0.4 M in formic acid and 1.0 M of sodium formate.(Ka, HCOOH = 1.8 x 10-4)

Example:


Abdullatif taha abdulla msc biochemistry

ABDULLATIF TAHA ABDULLAMSc. BIOCHEMISTRY

سبحانك لا علم لنا إلا ما علمتنا * إنك أنت العليم الحكيم 0


  • Login