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Update on the IAEA CRPI31018 “Development of Methodologies for the Assessment of Passive Safety System Performance in Advanced Reactors”. Consultancy on PGAP Collaborative Project, 13 - 15 December 2011 :. Dr. M. Hadid Subki Nuclear Power Technology Development Section

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Dr. M. Hadid Subki Nuclear Power Technology Development Section

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Dr m hadid subki nuclear power technology development section

Update on the IAEA CRPI31018 “Development of Methodologies for the Assessment of Passive Safety System Performance in Advanced Reactors”

Consultancy on PGAP Collaborative Project, 13 - 15 December 2011:

Dr. M. Hadid SubkiNuclear Power Technology Development Section

Division of Nuclear Power, Department of Nuclear Energy

Contact: [email protected]

PGAP, Vienna13 - 15 December 2011


Programme overview

Programme Overview

  • Programme: CRPI31018 on Development of Methodologies for the Assessment of Passive Safety System Performance in Advanced Reactors

  • Background: Performed in Conjunction with the Technical Working Group on Water Cooled Reactors

  • IAEA players: Department of Nuclear Energy, Nuclear Power Technology Development Section and Department of Nuclear Safety, Safety Assessment Section

  • Objective: Determine a common analysis-and-test method for reliability assessment of passive safety system performance

  • Outcome: A method to facilitate application of risk-informed approaches in design optimization and safety qualification of future advanced reactors, contributing to enhanced safety levels and improved economics.

  • International Participants: CNEA (Argentina), BARC (India), IGCAR (India), ENEA (Italy), University of Pisa (Italy), CEA (France), OKB Gidropress (Russian Federation), Idaho State University (USA), Japan and Sweden as observers

  • Initial Project Officer: Mr. Vladimir Kuznetsov (Originator, 2008), Alternate POs: Mr. S.M. Modro, Mr. A. Stanculescu and Ms. S. Bilbao

PGAP, Vienna13 - 15 December 2011


Purpose of rcm 3 april 26 28 2011

Purpose of RCM-3 (April 26-28, 2011)

  • To review progress and milestones on all research activities;

  • To discuss the preliminary experimental data obtained from the Natural Circulation Loop Facility L2 in Italy constructed for the assessment of different methodologies for the evaluation of the reliability of passive safety system;

  • To discuss lessons-to be-learned from the Fukushima Daiichi Accident in Japan and its implications to near future R&D needs on thermal-hydraulics and reactor safety;

  • To develop an outline of integrated annual technical report and future collaboration plan.

PGAP, Vienna13 - 15 December 2011


Progress and status update

Progress and Status Update

  • 1st Research Coordination Meeting (RCM-1) convened on 31 March - 3 April 2009 in IAEA, Vienna

  • Detailed work plan and schedule for 2009 - early 2010 defined and implemented

  • RCM-2 convened on 16 – 19 March 2010 in IAEA, Vienna

  • Natural Circulation Loop L2 at University of Genoa selected as Reference Facility to generate test data

  • Mr. Vladimir Kuznetsov, the initial Project Officer (PO) ended his assignment in April 2010.

  • Hadid Subki from Mitsubishi Heavy Industries (MHI – Japan) assumed the new PO from June 1, 2010

PGAP, Vienna13 - 15 December 2011


Cont d progress and status update

(cont’d) Progress and Status Update

  • The IAEA reviewed approved 3 research renewal requests:

    • CNEA

    • BARC

    • IGCAR

  • The three Alternate POs also retired

  • The new Alternate PO is Mr. Artur Lyubarskiy (Department of Nuclear Safety and Nuclear Security) – an Expert in PSA

  • 2011 – 2012 is the final year

PGAP, Vienna13 - 15 December 2011


Cont d progress and status update1

(cont’d) Progress and Status Update

1st year activities:

  • Elaboration of requirements to the method of reliability assessment of passive safety systems

  • Elaboration of a set of definitions for reliability assessment of passive safety systems and their treatment by PSA

  • Development, validation and verification of the methodologies:

    • Validation of methodologies using tests

    • APSRA application to IRIS passive containment cooling system

    • Methods to minimize the number of calculations

    • Comparison of APSRA and RMPS and REPAS on a benchmark problem

  • Development of a framework for a databank of probability density functions for process parameters

PGAP, Vienna13 - 15 December 2011


Cont d progress and status update2

(cont’d) Progress and Status Update

(cont’d) 1st year activities:

  • 3.1. Validation of methodologies using tests

  • Subtask (b): Select a facility

  • Candidate facility 1: L2 natural circulation loop (University of Pisa)

  • Already used for investigations of natural circulation – dynamic behaviour of the loop was analyzed versus (i) power transferred to the fluid, (ii) temperature of the cooler, and (iii) loop inclination

  • The shape of the loop can be modified for reaching the Y configuration

PGAP, Vienna13 - 15 December 2011


Implementation schedule april 2010 march 2011

Implementation Schedule April 2010 – March 2011

  • Task 3.1 Validation of Methodologies using tests on the L2 Natural Circulation Loop (University of Pisa)

    • Subtask (a) Preparatory activities, including issuance of initial problem suggestion and description of tests already performed

    • Subtask (b) Identification of important modifiable parameters and PDFs

    • Subtask (c) Identification of additional tests to be performed

    • Subtask (d) Performance of tests

    • Subtask (e) Reliability evaluation based on test results

    • Subtask (f) Thermal-hydraulic codes’qualification and nodalization

    • Subtask (g) Identification of PDFs for other parameters (e.g. code uncertainties)

    • Subtask (h) Performance of calculations

    • Subtask (i) Reliability evaluation based on calculation results

PGAP, Vienna13 - 15 December 2011


Implementation schedule april 2010 march 20111

Implementation Schedule April 2010 – March 2011

  • Task 3.1. Team Leader: Mr. Dino Araneo

  • Members: D. Araneo, M. Bykov, D. Saha, A.K. Nayak, M. Marquez, L. Burgazzi, J. Arul, M. Gimenez, M. Kryuchkov

  • Activity during Sept – Dec 2010:

    • Team members perform blind calculations for new tests with the aim to assess reliability of the selected configuration. Team members define PDFs for other parameters (e.g. uncertainty)

PGAP, Vienna13 - 15 December 2011


Task 3 1 results 1

Task 3.1 Results (1)

  • The L2 Natural circulation loop experimental facility was described;

  • Preliminary analysis was performed for the experimental data obtained from the test matrix proposed at the RCM2.

  • The results show that the L2 natural circulation facility has a transition region from a fully unstable to a stable behavior.

  • Simulation using RELAP5/mod3.3 was carried out and preliminary results were obtained.

PGAP, Vienna13 - 15 December 2011


Task 3 1 results 2 relap5 nodalization for the l2 loop

Task 3.1 Results (2): RELAP5 Nodalization for the L2 Loop

Expansion tank

Expansion tank connection point

Coil


Task 3 1 results 3 comparison of test data with the relap5 simulation

Task 3.1 Results (3): Comparison of Test Data with the RELAP5 Simulation


Task 3 1 results 4 comparison of test data with the relap5 simulation cnea

Task 3.1 Results (4): Comparison of Test Data with the RELAP5 Simulation (CNEA)

PGAP, Vienna13 - 15 December 2011


Task 3 1 results 5 comparison of test data with the relap5 simulation cnea

Task 3.1 Results (5): Comparison of Test Data with the RELAP5 Simulation (CNEA)

PGAP, Vienna13 - 15 December 2011


Task 3 1 results 6 comparison of test data with the relap5 simulation cnea

Task 3.1 Results (6): Comparison of Test Data with the RELAP5 Simulation (CNEA)

  • Stability Map obtained from L2 Test

  • Stability Map obtained using RELAP5


Implementation schedule april 2010 march 20112

Implementation Schedule April 2010 – March 2011

  • Task 3.2. Exchange of information and planning of the application of APSRA to the analysis of IRIS/PCCS. Design activities and planning of tests for the ISU test facility.

    • Subtask (a) Develop preliminary facility layout

    • Subtask (b) Develop preliminary test matrix

    • Subtask (c) Share the information with BARC, including that on for IRIS/PCCS

PGAP, Vienna13 - 15 December 2011


Implementation schedule april 2010 march 20113

Implementation Schedule April 2010 – March 2011

  • Task 3.2. Team Leader: Mr. Brian Williams

  • Members: B. Williams, D. Saha, A.K. Nayak

  • Activity 2010 - 2011:

    • Team leader coordinates the implementation of Subtasks (a), (b), (c) and reports to the scientific secretary on a periodic quarterly basis

PGAP, Vienna13 - 15 December 2011


Task 3 2 results

Task 3.2 Results

  • The Idaho State University has never participated in any RCM on the subject CRP.

  • No information provided by the ISU neither on the activities nor the results achieved to date. No withdrawal expressed yet.

  • Change of research orientation (the termination of IRIS project in the US) or human resource/budget allocation may have been the cause.

PGAP, Vienna13 - 15 December 2011


Implementation schedule april 2010 march 20114

Implementation Schedule April 2010 – March 2011

  • Task 3.3 Development of a bench mark problem, and development and application of efficient methods to minimize the number of calculations needed for reliability assessment of passive safety systems

  • Team Leader: Mr. John Arul, Members: Mr. John Arul & Mr. M. Marques (CEA)

    • Subtask (a) Refine SDHR model specs (IGCAR)

    • Subtask (b) Elaborate the criteria and the scenario (IGCAR)

    • Subtask (c) (d) (l) Select codes (IGCAR, CEA)

    • Subtask (e) Perform automatic differentiation (IGCAR)

    • Subtask (f) (g) Perform reliability calculations and procedure results (IGCAR)

    • Subtask (h) Explore open source (IGCAR)

    • Subtask (i) Assemble and validate open source code (IGCAR)

    • Subtask (j, k) Perform reliability calculations using assembled and validated open source code and produce results (IGCAR)

    • Subtask (m) Develop Meta model (CEA)

    • Subtask (n) Perform subset simulations for importance sampling using Monte-Carlo method (CEA)

    • Subtask (o, p) Perform reliability calculations and produce results (CEA)

PGAP, Vienna13 - 15 December 2011


Task 3 3 results 1

Task 3.3 Results (1)

  • At the RCM3, IGCAR reported progress on “Passive System Reliability Towards Efficient Methodology” (by U.P Sarathy, A. John Arul, et al)

  • Progress to demonstrate efficiency and applicability of methods based on Automatic Differentiation of programs:

    • Code development and validation

    • Use of PHENIX-DYN for Phenix Benchmark (EOL natural convection Tests)

    • Development of AD tool

  • Simulation of L2 loop using TRANSI code was in progress

PGAP, Vienna13 - 15 December 2011


Dr m hadid subki nuclear power technology development section

Task 3.3 Results (2):Straight Pipe stability modeling

L = 26.67m,D =0.0189 m,

mass flow rate = 0.1879 kg/s, Inlet temperature Ti=200.0 C

inletpressure = 6.9 MPa, Full Power = 805kW, uniform source.


Dr m hadid subki nuclear power technology development section

Task 3.3 Results (3)Typical Causes of Passive System Structural failure

PGAP, Vienna13 - 15 December 2011


Dr m hadid subki nuclear power technology development section

Task 3.3 Results (4)

  • CEA – France presented “Development of a benchmark problem and development and application of efficient methods to minimize the number of calculations needed for reliability assessment of passive safety systems”

  • Within the framework of Gen IV. The Natural Convection study is important to demonstrate the possibility of passive heat removal by natural convection for sodium reactor technology.

  • Benchmark on the natural convection test performed in Phenix in 2009

  • Comparison of system codes

  • CRP starts in 2008, ends in 2011

  • Final report to be edited by IAEA in 2012

PGAP, Vienna13 - 15 December 2011


Task 3 3 results 5 benchmark problem

Task 3.3 Results (5): Benchmark problem

  • Initial proposal by IGCAR:

  • benchmark on the Safety Grade Decay Heat Removal System (SGDHR) of the Indian PFBR. This proposal was initially accepted by the CEA, but:

    • necessity for CEA to develop a specific CATHARE2 modeling for this problem  difficulty to find human resources for this work

    • necessity for IGCAR to obtain source files of the DHDYN code to perform your automatic differentiation

  • New proposal by CEA

  • Benchmark on the natural convection test on Phenix Reactor developed within the IAEA CRP on Phenix End of Life tests :

    • IGCAR uses DYANA-P code and STAR-CD) while CEA uses CATHARE2 code

    • The modeling developed, complete data package available, the input decks available

    • Experimental data available


Flow chart of task 3 3 activities 2011 2012

Flow-chart of Task 3.3 activities 2011 - 2012


Implementation schedule april 2010 march 20115

Implementation Schedule April 2010 – March 2011

  • Task 3.4 Comparison of different methodologies for reliability assessment of passive safety system on the benchmark problem of an isolation condenser of LWCR, developed by ENEA

  • Team Leader: Mr. D. Saha, Members: D. Saha, L. Burgazzi, J. Arul, D. Araneo, A.K. Nayak

    • Subtask (a) Describe a problem (completed)

    • Subtask (b) Share RMPS and REPAS results (completed)

    • Subtask (c) Provide inputs for CATHARE/RELAP5 (partly completed)

    • Subtask (d) Repeat RMPS modelling (IGCAR to initiate)

    • Subtask (e) Start assessment using APSRA

PGAP, Vienna13 - 15 December 2011


Task 3 4 results 1

Task 3.4 Results (1)

  • BARC – India presented “Passive System Performance and Reliability Assessment using the APSRA Methodology” (V. Jain, A.K. Nayak)

  • Performance assessment for SBWR like Isolation Condenser System (ICS) was carried out using APSRA Method and issues related to APSRA was discussed.

  • RELAP5 Nodalisation for the L2 Loop was developed, and issues in RELAP5 simulation was also discussed

  • Mr. V. Jain also presented an assessment results of using the BE Code RELAP5/Mod3.2 to simulate NC phenomena in test facilities at BARC

PGAP, Vienna13 - 15 December 2011


Task 3 4 results 2 l2 loop stability simulation

Task 3.4 Results (2):L2 Loop Stability Simulation

  • Sample Results are qualitatively in good agreement with test data.

  • More details are required, e.g. expansion tank and lines, secondary side details.

  • Detailed test matrix required along with instability thresholds.

3rd IAEA RCM, Vienna, April 26-28, 2011 (VJ)


Task 3 4 results 3

Task 3.4 Results (3)

  • BARC work plan for 2011 – 2012:

    • Perform reliability assessment for the SBWR like Isolation Condenser system out

    • Analyze the L2 facility using expanded test matrix

    • Analyze PCCS test for the IRIS reactor if data are obtained (from ISU?)

PGAP, Vienna13 - 15 December 2011


Lesson learned from the current crp

Lesson-learned from the current CRP

  • Participating MS and/or Chief Scientific Investigator to advise the IAEA’s PO on:

    • How to maintain and increase the fruitfulness of the current CRP:

      • Are the schedule, milestones and objective realistically achievable? What are the constraints?

      • Anticipated miscellaneous issues

    • Impact of the CRP to what is going on in the real nuclear power world

    • Formulation of Outline of the Final Document

    • Interest in an extension of the current CRP reflecting implications from the Fukushima event

    • Opportunity for senior researchers from newcomer countries’ to participate and establish joint-research

PGAP, Vienna13 - 15 December 2011


Lessons to be learned from the fukushima event as of april 2011

Lessons-to be Learned from the Fukushima Event (as of April 2011)

Topics to be emphasized on future CRPs on thermal-hydraulics and reactor safety:

  • Review on multiple external initiating events

  • Assessment on single failure criteria and common cause failures

  • Station black-out system – design and acceptance Criteria

  • Reliability of emergency power supply

  • Containment hydrodynamic and seismic load

  • Hybrid passive and active engineered safety features

  • Direct containment heating

  • Acceptance criteria of the performance of standby gas treatment system; hydrogen recombiner system; etc.

  • Wider postulated scenario of Beyond Design Basis Accident (DBA)

  • Accident management and long-term core coolability assessment

  • Non-reactor cooling systems performance


Dr m hadid subki nuclear power technology development section

THANK YOU

For inquiries, please contact:

[email protected]

PGAP, Vienna13 - 15 December 2011


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