The scale of health inequality in england from region to local authority district 2006 2008
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The scale of health inequality in England; from region to local authority district, 2006 –2008. Gbenga Olatunde and Andrew Yeap, 2011. What we’re going to talk about. Introduction Health Expectancy at ONS Annual Population Survey Disability-Free Life Expectancy Analysis at National level

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The scale of health inequality in England; from region to local authority district, 2006 –2008

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The scale of health inequality in england from region to local authority district 2006 2008

The scale of health inequality in England; from region to local authority district, 2006–2008

Gbenga Olatunde and Andrew Yeap, 2011


What we re going to talk about

What we’re going to talk about

  • Introduction

    • Health Expectancy at ONS

    • Annual Population Survey

  • Disability-Free Life Expectancy

    • Analysis at National level

    • Analysis by English Regions

    • Analysis by Area Deprivation

    • Analysis at Local Authority level


Health expectancy at ons

Health Expectancy at ONS

  • Health Expectancy – years expected to be spent in a favourable or unfavourable health state from a given age

  • Adds dimension of quality to Life Expectancy

  • ONS produce two HE metrics:

    • Healthy Life Expectancy (very good/good health)

    • Disability-Free Life Expectancy (Limiting long-standing illness/disability)

  • Annual production of HEs at National level using large-scale surveys:

    • General Lifestyle Survey (covers GB)

    • Continuous Household Survey (covers NI)

    • Sample size not large enough to allow statistically meaningful comparisons at lower-level geographies


Annual population survey

Annual Population Survey

  • Collects data from private households around the UK

  • Consists of waves 1 and 5 of the Labour Force Survey, and additional boost cases for England, Wales and Scotland

  • Enables reliable analysis at lower level geographies

  • Analysis based on cross-sectional component of the APS


The scale of health inequality in england from region to local authority district 2006 2008

Data

  • Over 475 000 people aged 16 and over for 2006-08

  • Morbidity data from ONS Annual Population Survey (APS)

  • Combined with mortality and population data to calculate DFLE according to the Sullivan method


Limiting long standing illness or disability

Limiting long-standing illness or disability

  • Do you have any health problems or disability that you expect will last for a year or more?

    ‘Yes/No’

    If ‘Yes’ the respondent is then asked;

  • Do these health problems or disabilities when taken singly or together, substantially limit your ability to carry out normal day to day activities? If you are receiving medication or treatment, please consider what the situation would be without the medication or treatment

    ‘Yes/No’

    People responding ‘Yes’ to both questions were identified as having a limiting long-standing illness or disability


National level dfle at age 16 aps 2006 08

Males

Females

UK

48.3

49.3

GB

48.4

49.3

England

48.8

49.8

Wales

45.3

46.1

Scotland

45.6

46.8

NI

46.9

48.1

National level DFLE at age 16, APS 2006-08

From age 16, males and females in the UK can expect just under 50 more years of life free from LLSI

England possess the highest DFLE and Wales the lowest

Inequality between highest and lowest DFLE is 3.5 years for males and 3.7 years for females


Health inequalities disability free life expectancy by english region 2006 08

Men at age 16

High

High

High

High

High

High

44.2 years in North East

51.3 years in South East

Women at age 16

Low

Low

Low

Low

Low

Low

45.2 years in North East

51.8 years in South East

Health Inequalities: Disability-free life expectancy by English region, 2006-08


Background

Background

  • Health inequalities have enormous social and economic costs. Clear need to monitor population health to assess impact of interventions

  • If everyone in England had the same death and illness rates as the most advantaged, those dying prematurely as a result of health inequalities would have gained 2.8 million person-years free from limiting illness or disability

  • Sub-national analyses previously restricted to Census data or large aggregations of survey data


The scale of health inequality in england from region to local authority district 2006 2008

70

Years

65

Men

60

65.6

58.0

55

50

54.0

40.8

45

Women

40

35

Increasing deprivation

68.7

63.4

30

54.6

42.0

Life expectancy (LE) and disability-free life expectancy (DFLE) for men and women at age 16; by area deprivation, 2006–2008


Health inequalities disability free life expectancy by english local authority district 2006 08

Men at age 16

41.2 years in Barnsley

High

High

High

High

High

High

56.8 years in Surrey Heath

Women at age 16

Low

Low

Low

Low

Low

Low

41.7 years in Knowsley

60.2 years in Tandridge

Health Inequalities: Disability-free life expectancy by English local authority district, 2006–08


Conclusions

Conclusions

  • Substantial inequalities in LE and DFLE across areas for men and women

  • Inequalities in DFLE much greater than in LE

  • Inequality in LE and DFLE between least and most deprived areas greater for men than women

  • For both men and women, the inequality in DFLE doubles with increasingly detailed geographical analysis


Future work

Future work

  • Update the study: produce estimates for 2007–2009

  • Explore the use of other survey sources to provide proxy child data

  • Use of the Integrated Household Survey to produce estimates at national and sub-national levels


Thanks

Thanks…

  • Any Questions?

    You can contact us by emailing: [email protected]

www.ons.gov.uk

www.youtube.com/user/onsstats

twitter.com/statisticsONS


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