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A Proposal for Certification of Librarians as Partners in Systematic Reviews Pamela C. Sieving¹, Kay Dickersin², Roberta Scherer2, & Ann-Margaret Ervin2¹National Institutes of Health, Bethesda USA ²US Cochrane Center, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore USA

  • Core Competencies: [draft]
  • Expert searching skills
  • Common and less-frequently-used bibliographic databases
  • Content; search functions; indexing
  • Sources for grey literature
  • Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials
  • Knowledge of evidence-based medicine/practice principles
  • The evidence pyramid
  • Study designs
  • Commonly used statistics for data analysis
  • Knowledge of systematic review process and reporting requirements
  • Study design
  • Protocol development and registration
  • Literature searches
  • Screening retrieved citations
  • Data extraction and analysis
  • Skills in using and teaching use of bibliographic file management systems
  • Setting up libraries
  • Modifying data fields
  • Transferring records from databases, other files
  • Deduplication and other clean-up procedures
  • Preparation of manuscripts and bibliographies
  • Additional knowledge and skill sets needed:
  • Please leave your ideas, using the Post-It notes!!!
  • The Road Ahead:
  • Creation and approval of policy statement on the librarian’s role in systematic reviews. Similar policies exist in the areas of:
  • Consumer Health Information and Patient Education (1996; updated
  • 2011)
  • Patient Safety (2009)
  • Telemedicine (nd)
  • Approval of preparation program proposal and text of
  • certification document
  • Identification of core competencies and appropriate MLA
  • and non-MLA coursework and learning experiences
  • toward those competencies
  • Sample MLA Coursework:
  • Becoming an expert searcher (4/8 hours)
  • EBM: introduction to study design and critical appraisal (4 hours)
  • Evidence based medicine: the essentials (4 hours)
  • Finding evidence-based results in PubMed (1 hour)
  • Introduction to Systematic Reviews for Librarians (4 hours)
  • Leveraging librarians’ skills in searching and critical appraisal for systematic reviews (4 hours)
  • Short course in statistical literacy for medical librarians: swimming in a
  • sea of conflicting medical claims (4 hours)
  • Supporting systematic reviews: the basics (4 hours)
  • Supporting systematic reviews: beyond the basics (6 hours)
  • Systematic review workshop: the nuts and bolts for librarians (20 hours)
  • Systematic reviews: the role of the librarian (6 hours)
  • Resources beyond MLA: The Cochrane Collaboration
  • Understanding Evidence-based Health Care: A Foundation for Action
  • Online; 6 hours
  • Translating Critical Appraisal of a Manuscript into Meaningful Peer
  • Review Online; 10 lectures
  • Workshop on Developing a Cochrane Systematic Review
  • On site; 20 hours
  • Objectives:
  • To present rationale for and development of a program to certify
  • librarians as knowledgeable, skilled partners in preparation of
  • systematic reviews (SRs)
  • Identification of relevant studies to include in an SR is arguably the most
  • important aspect of a high quality SR
  • This accords a major responsibility to librarians
  • Certification of expertise enhances credibility and visibility
  • Methods:
  • We describe a set of core competencies for SR certification, and a
  • proposed course of study to achieve these competencies
  • Preparation of an SR requires knowledge of the history and principles of
  • evidence-based medicine; conduct of systematic reviews; and critical
  • reading and appraisal skills
  • Unique skills contributed by libraries include database selection and
  • expert searching, including:
    • Use of validated search strategies
    • Knowledge of reporting biases and ways to address that
    • Knowledge of grey literature and resources beyond
    • those typically searched to answer clinical questions
    • Project management skills
    • Bibliographic file managementexpertise
    • Access to professional networks and continuing
    • education
  • Results:
  • Resources with which to master the core competencies and continually update skills and knowledge bases are increasingly available, and in formats accessible globally
  • IOM Standards for Systematic Reviews (2011)
  • 3.1.1: Work with a librarian or other information specialist trained in performing systematic reviews to plan the search strategy
  • Finding What Works in Health Care: Standards for Systematic Reviews
  • Additional contributors and collaborators welcome; contact [email protected]

Loyola Health Sciences Library

  • PRISMA: Preferred Reporting Items for
  • Systematic Reviews & Meta-Analyses

And there are more…

2013 MLA One Health: Information in an Interdependent World