Ancient Egypt
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Ancient Egypt. Mr. Pagliaro Seymour High School. A View of Egypt by Satellite. Mediterranean Sea. Nile Delta. Kehmet: Nile River. Lower Egypt. Deshret : Sahara Desert. Sinai Peninsula. Upper Egypt. Nubian Desert. Red Sea. Fertile Nile Valley. Annual Flooding.

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Ancient Egypt

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Ancient Egypt

Mr. Pagliaro

Seymour High School

A View of Egypt by Satellite

Mediterranean Sea

Nile Delta

Kehmet: Nile River

Lower Egypt


Sahara Desert



Upper Egypt



Red Sea

Fertile Nile Valley

Annual Flooding

Egypt: Gift of the Nile

Irrigation: the Shaduf


Hieroglyphic “Cartouche”

Hieratic Script

Egyptian Scribe

Papyrus  Paper

Hieratic Scroll Piece

Papyrus Plant

Champollion & the Rosetta Stone

Hieroglyphics “Alphabet”

24 “letters” + 700 phonetic symbols

Egyptian Math & Draftsmanship

What number is this?

Egyptian Creation Myth

The Gods & Goddesses Nut (Sky), Geb (Earth), their children Osiris (The Nile, the afterlife) and Isis (magic), and the God Thoth (Knowledge) and Goddess Maat (Truth & Justice) who aided their birth against the will of Ra.

Egyptian Gods & Goddesses:“The Sacred ‘Trinity’”

Osiris Isis Horus

The Ankh – The “Cross” of Life

Preparations for the Underworld

ANUBIS weighs the dead person’s heart against a feather.

Priests protected your KA, or soul-spirit

Materials Used in Mummification

1. Linen 6. Natron2. Sawdust 7. Onion3. Lichen 8. Nile Mud4. Beeswax 9. Linen Pads5. Resin 10. Frankinsense

Egyptian Mummies

Ramses II1279-1212 B. C.

Seti I1291-1278 B. C.

Queen Tiye, wife of Amenhotep II1210-1200 B. C.

Journey to the Underworld

The dead travel on the “Solar Bark.”

A boat for the journey is provided for a dead pharaoh in his tomb.

Shabtis: The Pharaoh’s Servants in the Afterlife

Egyptian Priestly Class

Preparation for the Afterlife

Egyptian Book of the Dead

The Final Judgment

Ammut: Devourer of Souls

Anubis Horus Osiris

Egyptian History

Archaic Period

Menes: Unified Upper/Lower Egypt

c. 3050 B. C. ?

Narmer Palette


Old Kingdom

  • Pharaoh = king & god

    • Complete power

    • Owned everything

    • Ruled w/ help of Viziers

  • Only nobility were mummified

  • Old Kingdom = Period of Pyramid Building

Egyptian Social Hierarchy

Ancient Egyptian Housing

Middle Class Homes

Peasant Homes

Scenes of Ancient EgyptianDaily Life

Stepped Pyramid at Saqqara

Built for Pharaoh Djoser(Zo-zer) by the vizier Imhotep

Stacked mastabas

“Bent” Pyramid of King Sneferu

Giza Pyramid Complex

Plan of the Great Pyramid of Khufu

The Great Pyramid is over 81 times as tall as Mr. Pags.

480.6 feet

Nearly 6 feet

New Kingdom

Removal of the Hyksos


Queen Ahotep

Kamose-brother of Ahmose

Some Famous Egyptian Pharaohs

Tutankhamen1336-1327 B. C.

Thutmose III1504-1450 B. C.

Ramses II1279-1212 B. C.

The Valley of the Kings

1st Tomb

Temple of Queen Hatshepsut

1473-1458 B. C.


1st female ruler



Trade with Nubia & Punt

Thutmose III

“Erase” Hatshepsut

Expand trade w/ Nubia

Created an empire


Entire Nile Valley



Ankhenaten: First Monotheist?

Amenhotep IV

1352-1336 B. C.


Archaeologist, Howard Carter (1922)

Entrance to King “Tut’s” Tomb

King Tutankhamen’s Death Mask

1336-1327 B. C.

King Tutankhamen

King Tutankhamen’s Tomb

Treasures From Tut’s Tomb

Ramses II: 1300s BC-1212 BC

AKA Ozmandias

Ruled 66 years

Died around age 90

44-56 sons and 40-44 daughters

Egypt’s largest size as empire

Pharaoh from Bible?

Ramses II

Battle of Kadesh

Abu Simbel:Monument to Ramses II

Who Are These Strange People?

Routes of the “Sea Peoples”

Invasion c. 1100 BC

Nubian/Kushite Kingdom

Moved to Meroe

Modern Sudan

Traditional Egyptian civ. moved south

What happened in Lower Egypt?

From 1085-33 BC, invaded by-





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