Ancient Egypt
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Ancient Egypt. Mr. Pagliaro Seymour High School. A View of Egypt by Satellite. Mediterranean Sea. Nile Delta. Kehmet: Nile River. Lower Egypt. Deshret : Sahara Desert. Sinai Peninsula. Upper Egypt. Nubian Desert. Red Sea. Fertile Nile Valley. Annual Flooding.

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Ancient Egypt

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Ancient egypt

Ancient Egypt

Mr. Pagliaro

Seymour High School


Ancient egypt

A View of Egypt by Satellite

Mediterranean Sea

Nile Delta

Kehmet: Nile River

Lower Egypt

Deshret:

Sahara Desert

Sinai

Peninsula

Upper Egypt

Nubian

Desert

Red Sea


Fertile nile valley

Fertile Nile Valley


Egypt gift of the nile

Annual Flooding

Egypt: Gift of the Nile


Irrigation the shaduf

Irrigation: the Shaduf


Hieroglyphics

Hieroglyphics


Hieroglyphic cartouche

Hieroglyphic “Cartouche”


Hieratic script

Hieratic Script


Ancient egypt

Egyptian Scribe


Ancient egypt

Papyrus  Paper

Hieratic Scroll Piece

Papyrus Plant


Champollion the rosetta stone

Champollion & the Rosetta Stone


Hieroglyphics alphabet

Hieroglyphics “Alphabet”

24 “letters” + 700 phonetic symbols


Ancient egypt

Egyptian Math & Draftsmanship

What number is this?


Egyptian creation myth

Egyptian Creation Myth

The Gods & Goddesses Nut (Sky), Geb (Earth), their children Osiris (The Nile, the afterlife) and Isis (magic), and the God Thoth (Knowledge) and Goddess Maat (Truth & Justice) who aided their birth against the will of Ra.


Ancient egypt

Egyptian Gods & Goddesses:“The Sacred ‘Trinity’”

Osiris Isis Horus


The ankh the cross of life

The Ankh – The “Cross” of Life


Ancient egypt

Preparations for the Underworld

ANUBIS weighs the dead person’s heart against a feather.

Priests protected your KA, or soul-spirit


Ancient egypt

Materials Used in Mummification

1. Linen 6. Natron2. Sawdust 7. Onion3. Lichen 8. Nile Mud4. Beeswax 9. Linen Pads5. Resin 10. Frankinsense


Ancient egypt

Egyptian Mummies

Ramses II1279-1212 B. C.

Seti I1291-1278 B. C.

Queen Tiye, wife of Amenhotep II1210-1200 B. C.


Ancient egypt

Journey to the Underworld

The dead travel on the “Solar Bark.”

A boat for the journey is provided for a dead pharaoh in his tomb.


Ancient egypt

Shabtis: The Pharaoh’s Servants in the Afterlife


Ancient egypt

Egyptian Priestly Class


Ancient egypt

Preparation for the Afterlife


Egyptian book of the dead

Egyptian Book of the Dead


The final judgment

The Final Judgment

Ammut: Devourer of Souls

Anubis Horus Osiris


Egyptian history

Egyptian History


Archaic period

Archaic Period


Menes unified upper lower egypt

Menes: Unified Upper/Lower Egypt

c. 3050 B. C. ?


Narmer palette

Narmer Palette


Mastabas

Mastabas


Old kingdom

Old Kingdom

  • Pharaoh = king & god

    • Complete power

    • Owned everything

    • Ruled w/ help of Viziers

  • Only nobility were mummified

  • Old Kingdom = Period of Pyramid Building


Ancient egypt

Egyptian Social Hierarchy


Ancient egypt

Ancient Egyptian Housing

Middle Class Homes

Peasant Homes


Ancient egypt

Scenes of Ancient EgyptianDaily Life


Ancient egypt

Stepped Pyramid at Saqqara

Built for Pharaoh Djoser(Zo-zer) by the vizier Imhotep

Stacked mastabas


Ancient egypt

“Bent” Pyramid of King Sneferu


Ancient egypt

Giza Pyramid Complex


Ancient egypt

Plan of the Great Pyramid of Khufu

The Great Pyramid is over 81 times as tall as Mr. Pags.

480.6 feet

Nearly 6 feet


New kingdom

New Kingdom


Removal of the hyksos

Removal of the Hyksos

Ahmose

Queen Ahotep

Kamose-brother of Ahmose


Some famous egyptian pharaohs

Some Famous Egyptian Pharaohs

Tutankhamen1336-1327 B. C.

Thutmose III1504-1450 B. C.

Ramses II1279-1212 B. C.


The valley of the kings

The Valley of the Kings


1 st tomb

1st Tomb

Temple of Queen Hatshepsut

1473-1458 B. C.


Hatshepsut

Hatshepsut

1st female ruler

Temples

Obelisks

Trade with Nubia & Punt


Thutmose iii

Thutmose III

“Erase” Hatshepsut

Expand trade w/ Nubia

Created an empire

Conquered:

Entire Nile Valley

Palestine

Syria


Ankhenaten first monotheist

Ankhenaten: First Monotheist?

Amenhotep IV

1352-1336 B. C.


Queen nefertiti

QueenNefertiti


Archaeologist howard carter 1922

Archaeologist, Howard Carter (1922)


Entrance to king tut s tomb

Entrance to King “Tut’s” Tomb


King tutankhamen s death mask

King Tutankhamen’s Death Mask

1336-1327 B. C.


King tutankhamen

King Tutankhamen


King tutankhamen s tomb

King Tutankhamen’s Tomb


Treasures from tut s tomb

Treasures From Tut’s Tomb


Ramses ii 1300s bc 1212 bc

Ramses II: 1300s BC-1212 BC

AKA Ozmandias

Ruled 66 years

Died around age 90

44-56 sons and 40-44 daughters

Egypt’s largest size as empire

Pharaoh from Bible?


Ramses ii

Ramses II

Battle of Kadesh


Abu simbel monument to ramses ii

Abu Simbel:Monument to Ramses II


Who are these strange people

Who Are These Strange People?


Routes of the sea peoples

Routes of the “Sea Peoples”

Invasion c. 1100 BC


Nubian kushite kingdom

Nubian/Kushite Kingdom

Moved to Meroe

Modern Sudan

Traditional Egyptian civ. moved south


What happened in lower egypt

What happened in Lower Egypt?

From 1085-33 BC, invaded by-

Assyrians

Persians

Macedonian-Greeks

Rome


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