Ancient Egypt
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Ancient Egypt. Mr. Pagliaro Seymour High School. A View of Egypt by Satellite. Mediterranean Sea. Nile Delta. Kehmet: Nile River. Lower Egypt. Deshret : Sahara Desert. Sinai Peninsula. Upper Egypt. Nubian Desert. Red Sea. Fertile Nile Valley. Annual Flooding.

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Ancient Egypt

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Ancient Egypt

Mr. Pagliaro

Seymour High School


A View of Egypt by Satellite

Mediterranean Sea

Nile Delta

Kehmet: Nile River

Lower Egypt

Deshret:

Sahara Desert

Sinai

Peninsula

Upper Egypt

Nubian

Desert

Red Sea


Fertile Nile Valley


Annual Flooding

Egypt: Gift of the Nile


Irrigation: the Shaduf


Hieroglyphics


Hieroglyphic “Cartouche”


Hieratic Script


Egyptian Scribe


Papyrus  Paper

Hieratic Scroll Piece

Papyrus Plant


Champollion & the Rosetta Stone


Hieroglyphics “Alphabet”

24 “letters” + 700 phonetic symbols


Egyptian Math & Draftsmanship

What number is this?


Egyptian Creation Myth

The Gods & Goddesses Nut (Sky), Geb (Earth), their children Osiris (The Nile, the afterlife) and Isis (magic), and the God Thoth (Knowledge) and Goddess Maat (Truth & Justice) who aided their birth against the will of Ra.


Egyptian Gods & Goddesses:“The Sacred ‘Trinity’”

Osiris Isis Horus


The Ankh – The “Cross” of Life


Preparations for the Underworld

ANUBIS weighs the dead person’s heart against a feather.

Priests protected your KA, or soul-spirit


Materials Used in Mummification

1. Linen 6. Natron2. Sawdust 7. Onion3. Lichen 8. Nile Mud4. Beeswax 9. Linen Pads5. Resin 10. Frankinsense


Egyptian Mummies

Ramses II1279-1212 B. C.

Seti I1291-1278 B. C.

Queen Tiye, wife of Amenhotep II1210-1200 B. C.


Journey to the Underworld

The dead travel on the “Solar Bark.”

A boat for the journey is provided for a dead pharaoh in his tomb.


Shabtis: The Pharaoh’s Servants in the Afterlife


Egyptian Priestly Class


Preparation for the Afterlife


Egyptian Book of the Dead


The Final Judgment

Ammut: Devourer of Souls

Anubis Horus Osiris


Egyptian History


Archaic Period


Menes: Unified Upper/Lower Egypt

c. 3050 B. C. ?


Narmer Palette


Mastabas


Old Kingdom

  • Pharaoh = king & god

    • Complete power

    • Owned everything

    • Ruled w/ help of Viziers

  • Only nobility were mummified

  • Old Kingdom = Period of Pyramid Building


Egyptian Social Hierarchy


Ancient Egyptian Housing

Middle Class Homes

Peasant Homes


Scenes of Ancient EgyptianDaily Life


Stepped Pyramid at Saqqara

Built for Pharaoh Djoser(Zo-zer) by the vizier Imhotep

Stacked mastabas


“Bent” Pyramid of King Sneferu


Giza Pyramid Complex


Plan of the Great Pyramid of Khufu

The Great Pyramid is over 81 times as tall as Mr. Pags.

480.6 feet

Nearly 6 feet


New Kingdom


Removal of the Hyksos

Ahmose

Queen Ahotep

Kamose-brother of Ahmose


Some Famous Egyptian Pharaohs

Tutankhamen1336-1327 B. C.

Thutmose III1504-1450 B. C.

Ramses II1279-1212 B. C.


The Valley of the Kings


1st Tomb

Temple of Queen Hatshepsut

1473-1458 B. C.


Hatshepsut

1st female ruler

Temples

Obelisks

Trade with Nubia & Punt


Thutmose III

“Erase” Hatshepsut

Expand trade w/ Nubia

Created an empire

Conquered:

Entire Nile Valley

Palestine

Syria


Ankhenaten: First Monotheist?

Amenhotep IV

1352-1336 B. C.


QueenNefertiti


Archaeologist, Howard Carter (1922)


Entrance to King “Tut’s” Tomb


King Tutankhamen’s Death Mask

1336-1327 B. C.


King Tutankhamen


King Tutankhamen’s Tomb


Treasures From Tut’s Tomb


Ramses II: 1300s BC-1212 BC

AKA Ozmandias

Ruled 66 years

Died around age 90

44-56 sons and 40-44 daughters

Egypt’s largest size as empire

Pharaoh from Bible?


Ramses II

Battle of Kadesh


Abu Simbel:Monument to Ramses II


Who Are These Strange People?


Routes of the “Sea Peoples”

Invasion c. 1100 BC


Nubian/Kushite Kingdom

Moved to Meroe

Modern Sudan

Traditional Egyptian civ. moved south


What happened in Lower Egypt?

From 1085-33 BC, invaded by-

Assyrians

Persians

Macedonian-Greeks

Rome


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