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Welcome to our Short Story Unit. (1) Plot : The chain of events that make up a story. It shows the cause-effect relationship of events and actions within a story. . Plot Triangle. (4) Climax : An intense emotional point and where the outcome of the conflict is decided (the turning point).

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welcome to our short story unit

Welcome to ourShort Story Unit

(1) Plot: The chain of events that make up a story.

It shows the cause-effect relationship of events and actions within a story.

plot triangle
Plot Triangle

(4) Climax: An intense emotional point and where the outcome of the conflict is decided (the turning point).

(3) Rising Action:The series of events (complications) about the conflict in the story that lead to the climax

(5) Falling Action:All of the action which follows the climax

(2) Exposition:The introduction of the story where setting, characters, and conflict are introduced

(6) Resolution: The conclusion; the tying together of all of the threads

7 setting
(7) Setting
  • The time and place of a story.
  • Most often, the setting is described in the exposition (beginning) of a story.
  • Contributes to the plot – especially in character vs. nature conflict.
8 mood atmosphere
(8) Mood/Atmosphere
  • The overall feeling of a piece of literature.
  • Can be described with one or two adjectives (scary, happy, sad)
  • Images or sounds used by the writer to create a specific feeling
9 suspense
(9) Suspense
  • The uncertainty or anxiety that a reader feels about what will happen next in a story.
  • Suspense is created by mood, as well as the following techniques:
    • Foreshadowing – hints of what’s to come
    • Mystery – withholding information from the reader or unusual circumstances
    • Reversal – good to bad or bad to good
    • Dilemma – forced to choose between two dangerous situations
10 conflict
(10) Conflict

A struggle between opposing characters or forces

Without conflict, there is no plot.

types of conflict

(11) External Conflict: A character struggles with an outside force: Character vs. Character

Character vs. Nature

Character vs. Society

Types of Conflict

(12) Internal Conflict: A character struggles with himself or herself:

Character vs. Self

13 theme
(13) Theme
  • An idea or message the writer wishes to convey about the subject; a general idea or insight about life
  • Most often themes are not stated directly
  • The reader has to think about all the elements of the work

Things are not always what they seem.

types of characters
Types of Characters

(14) Dynamic characters: Change over the course of the story

(15) Static characters:Stay the same throughout the course of the story

characters include
Characters include…

(16) PROTAGONIST:The main character in a work of literature

(17) ANTAGONIST: The character OR force opposing the main character

All other characters are minor characters

18 characterization
(18) Characterization
  • The way an author reveals the personality of a character
  • (19) Direct characterization
    • The author simply tells you a character’s personality
  • Ex. Katie is honest.
20 indirect characterization
(20) Indirect Characterization
  • The author reveals the character’s personality through:
    • Words of the character
    • Actions of the character
    • Thoughts and feelings of the character
    • Words and actions of other characters
    • Character’s appearance (looks and clothing)
21 character trait
(21) Character Trait
  • A quality shown by a character in a story:
          • Tall
          • Short
          • Happy
          • Protective
          • Smart….
22 point of view
(22) Point of View
  • The vantage point from which a story is told (who is telling the story)
  • The three most common points of view are
    • Third-person Omniscient
    • Third-person limited
    • First Person
23 first person narrator
(23) First Person Narrator
  • One character tells the story using “I”
  • Told by a character in the story
  • We only know what this person knows
  • Information may not be reliable
24 third person limited narrator
(24) Third-Person Limited Narrator
  • Tells the story through the eyes of only one character
  • Narrator not part of the story
  • Narrator focuses on thoughts and feelings of only one character
25 third person omniscient narrator
(25) Third-Person Omniscient Narrator
  • Tells the story from an all-knowing view point
  • The narrator knows everything about all the characters and their thoughts, feelings, and motivations
  • Stands apart rather like a god
26 foreshadowing
(26) Foreshadowing
  • Hints or clues about the story’s upcoming events
27 symbol
(27) SYMBOL
  • A person, place, thing or event that has meaning in itself and stands for something beyond itself
  • For example: When an American flag is mentioned in a story, it might mean freedom or patriotism.
28 tone
(28) Tone
  • The attitude a writer takes towards his or her subject, characters, and audience.
    • Examples:
      • Sarcastic
      • Encouraging
      • Bitter
      • Optimistic
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