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Antifederalist v. Federalist PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Antifederalist v. Federalist. Liked Articles Opposed Strong Central Gov’t. Strong central gov’t threatened state power Constitution favored the wealthy Lacked a Bill of Rights Argued against 2/3 Ratification plan Opposed to omitting any reference to God. Articles weak and ineffective

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Antifederalist v. Federalist

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Antifederalist v federalist l.jpg

Antifederalist v. Federalist

  • Liked Articles

  • Opposed Strong Central Gov’t.

  • Strong central gov’t threatened state power

  • Constitution favored the wealthy

  • Lacked a Bill of Rights

  • Argued against 2/3 Ratification plan

  • Opposed to omitting any reference to God.

  • Articles weak and ineffective

  • National gov’t needed to be stronger in order to function

  • Strong gov’t to control uncooperative states

  • Men of experience and talent should govern

  • National gov’t would protect the rights of the people

  • Const. and state gov’t protected individual freedoms

  • Separation of church and state


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Bill of Rights

  • RAPP

  • Bear Arms

  • Troops not arbitrarily quartered

  • No unreasonable search and seizure

  • Don’t have to testify against yourself

  • Fair and speedy criminal trial

  • Fair and speedy civil trial

  • No excessive fines or cruel and unusual punishment.

  • People retain rights not enumerated.

  • Powers not delegated to the national government are retained by the people and the states.


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Reading Quiz

  • Explain some of the contributions Alexander Hamilton made to the founding of the nation (exclude the writing of the Federalist Papers).


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The Federalist Era

1789 - 1800


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Learning Targets

  • I can explain disagreements during the Washington administration that led to the development of the First Party System.

  • I can explain the precedents established by George Washington as first president of the United States


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Washington’s First Term

Problems facing G. Washington:

1. Economic:

Debts

Depression

2. Foreign

English - Indian alliance

French – British rivalry

3. Political division

Hamilton vs. Jefferson


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  • After reading Hamilton and Jefferson's views, explain which you think has had a greater influence on the shape of the United States today. Include your reasoning.


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Hamilton and Jefferson Debate

  • Given the issues facing the country during the Washington administration, support your assigned leader and his views. Rebut the arguments of your opponent.

    • Support your leader’s view on human nature and explain how it influences his views on the issues of the day.

    • Support your leader’s view of the role government and explain how it influences the correctness of his policies.


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Washington’s First Cabinet

Henry Knox: Secretary of War

John Adams: Vice President

Alexander Hamilton: Secretary of the Treasury

Thomas Jefferson: Secretary of State


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The Federalists:

Pro-industry

Pro-England (due to trade needs)

High tariffs and excise taxes (i.e. whiskey)

Strong centralized government

Favored the wealthy

The Democratic-Republicans:

Pro-agriculture

Pro-France

Opposed to taxes

Strong State governments

Favored the middle and lower classes

The Political Division


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Hamilton’s Financial System

Overall belief- “Trickle down” economics

favor the wealthy and economic growth will “trickle down” to the masses

B-Bank of US

E-Excise Taxes

F-Funding at Par

A-Assumption of State Debts

T-Tariffs


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The Bank of the United States(Hamilton’s view)

Would provide a safe place to keep tax revenue for the US government

Would regulate banks

Would provide low-interest loans to industrial classes


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The Bank of the United States(Jefferson’s View)

Tax system hurt the farming classes

Money lent to industrialists came from farming classes

Unconstitutional

Dictatorial


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Reactions to the Bank (BUS)

  • Washington sides with Hamilton

  • Jefferson and Madison form an opposition party (the Democrat-Republicans)


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The Whiskey Rebellion

Revolt caused by farmers/whiskey producers angry about the tax on whiskey

Revolt put down by Washington

Shows the strength of the new Constitution


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Categorize the following as views held by either Federalists or Democratic Republicans

  • Distrust of the “common” people

  • National debt was a curse to future generations

  • Biggest appeal to lower and middle classes

  • Primarily agrarian

  • Supported a strong central government

  • Pro-British

  • Pro-French

  • Believed in government by upper class

  • Best gov. is one that governs least

  • Mostly lived on eastern seaboard

  • Federal gov. should encourage manufacturing & business


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The French are Revolting!

  • Split between the Feds and DRs

  • Split within the government

    Hamilton – opposes supporting the revolutionaries

    Jefferson – wants

    support for the

    revolutionaries


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The Proclamation of Neutrality (1793)

  • Authored by Hamilton

  • Issued by Washington

  • Led to the precedent of

    non-involvement and

    neutrality in foreign affairs


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More Problems with the British

  • Impressment of American sailors;

Seizure of American ships and cargo; act of war by the British


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Indian Uprisings

  • Battle of Fallen Timbers (August 20, 1794)

  • Evidence of British

    aid and involvement

  • Violation of Treaty

    of Paris (1783)


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Jay’s Treaty

  • Washington’s dilemma:

    War or Diplomacy

John Jay sent to negotiate new treaty

Action very unpopular with many Americans;

Hamilton’s “betrayal” leads to very weak treaty;


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The Retirement of George Washington

  • Precedents set by GW:

    • Two term tradition

    • Use of the Cabinet

    • Neutrality in foreign matters


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The Farewell Address

  • December, 1796

  • Authored by Hamilton

  • Emphasized neutrality in foreign affairs

  • “they (the US) should with sincerity

    and good faith adopt and pursue a

    conduct friendly and impartial toward

    the belligerent Powers.”


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The Federalists

Strong central govt.

Pro-Britain

Pro-industry

The Dem. Republicans

Strong State govts.

Pro-France

Pro-agriculture

The Election of 1796


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The Election of 1796

Issues:

Jay’s Treaty

Hamilton’s financial system

Foreign policy

Results:

Adams – Pres.

Jefferson – VP


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The XYZ Affair

American diplomats extorted for a bribe from unknown French diplomats

US rejects demands, leaves France


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Reaction to the XYZ Affair

  • Federalists pressure Adams to pursue war

    Adams resists, but unofficial “war” breaks out in the Caribbean; two year conflict with France begins


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The Alien Acts

Deports nonresidents supportive of the French

Aimed at newly arrived immigrants, primarily DR supporters

The Sedition Acts

Made criticism of the war, the President, or the Congress illegal

Aimed at DRs, incl. Jefferson and Madison

The Alien and Sedition ActsPassed by Federalist Congress


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Controversy over the Acts

The Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions

Proposed by Jefferson and Madison to oppose A & S Acts

Doctrine of nullification: States can counteract or not enforce federal laws


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America in 1800

  • Government divided by Federalists and Democrat-Republicans

  • “War” with France

  • VP an outlaw

  • Divided country


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