The present tense 11
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The present tense 11. Stem change verbs. Some verbs follow a slightly different pattern. We will call these stem change verbs . They have regular endings like -AR , -ER and -IR verbs, but certain letters change as you go through the verb forming a consistent pattern.

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The present tense 11

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The present tense 11

Thepresent tense 11

Stem change verbs

Some verbs follow a slightly different pattern. We will call these stem change verbs.

They have regular endings like-AR,-ERand -IRverbs, but certain letters change as you go through the verb forming a consistent pattern.

There are three types of stem changes which occur:

-o>-ue

-e>-ie

-e>-i


The present tense 16

Thepresent tense 16

Stem change verbs

-e>-i

pedir = to ask for

1. Identify the group to which the verb belongs = -ir

2. Write out verb as if it were regular.

3. Identify the vowel to change: it is ALWAYS the vowel just before the infinitive ending.

1. pido

2. pides

3. pide

4. pedimos

5. pedís

6. piden

pedir:-echanges toi

4. Change the -e to -i on parts 1 2 3 6.

Note! This change only occurs with –IR verbs


The present tense 15

The present tense 15

Stem change verbs

-e>-ie

pensar = to think

1. Identify the group to which the verb belongs = -ar

2. Write out verb as if it were regular.

3. Identify the vowel to change: It is ALWAYS the vowel just before the infinitive ending.

1. pienso

2. piensas

3. piensa

4. pensamos

5. pensáis

6. piensan

pensar: -echanges toie

4. Change the –e to –ie on parts 1 2 3 6.

Querer and preferir are two more -e > -ie verbs. Can you write each out in full, using the four steps?


The present tense 12

The present tense 12

Stem change verbs

-o>-ue

encontrar = to find

1. Identify the group to which the verb belongs = -ar

2. Write out verb as if it were regular.

3. Identify the vowel to change: it is ALWAYS the vowel just before the infinitive ending.

1. encuentro

2. encuentras

3. encuentra

4. encontramos

5. encontráis

6. encuentran

encontrar: ochanges toue

4. Change the -o to -ue on parts 1 2 3 6.


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