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Entry task. What does the word Appeasement mean? Look it up and then use it in a sentence. The league of Nation- how it failed and why that’s important…. Weak the League’s ‘powers’ were little more than going ‘tut-tut’. Sanctions did not work. It had no army. America

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Entry task
Entry task

  • What does the word Appeasement mean?

  • Look it up and then use it in a sentence.



Because it w as d u m b

  • Weak important…

    • the League’s ‘powers’ were little more than going ‘tut-tut’. Sanctions did not work. It had no army.

  • America

    • the strongest nation in the world never joined; Britain and France were not strong enough to impose pace on their own

  • Structure

    • the League's organisation was muddled, so it took ages to do anything; members couldn’t agree, but decisions had to be unanimous - this paralysed the League

  • Depression

    • the world-wide Depression made countries try to get more land and power; they were worried about themselves, not about world peace

  • Unsuccessful

    • the more the League failed, the less people trusted it; in the end, everybody just ignored it

  • Members

    • the League’s main members let it down - Italy and Japan defied and left the League, France and Britain betrayed it

  • Big bullies

    • in the 1920s, the League had been quite successful with small, weak countries; in the 1930s, powerful countries like Germany, Italy and Japan defied the League - they were too strong for the League to stop them

Because it W.AS. D.U.M.B!!!!

“If the nations want peace, the League gives them the way by which peace can be kept. League or no League, a country which is determined to have a war can always have it.”

The 1930s historian H.A.L. Fisher sums up the failure of the League in his book, A History of Europe (1938).



Hitler s goals
Hitler’s goals important…

  • Abolish the Treaty of Versailles

    • Remember: the German people hated this Treaty!

    • Hitler uses this as fuel to the fire!

  • Expand German territory and re-establish the German Empire

    • The Third Reich and the spread of Pan-Germanism

  • Defeat Communism


8 steps
8 STEPS important…

  • SAAR PLEBISCITE

  • CONSCRIPTION and RE-ARMAMENT

  • RHINELAND

    • Hitler invades (1936)

    • France and G.B . Do nothing

  • AUSTRIA

    • Hitler encourages Union

    • Invades

    • France and G.B . Do nothing


    • MUNICH important…

      • Hitler takes over Sudetenland

      • Appeasement again!!

  • CZECHOSLOVAKIA


  • To do this question, you need first to borrow two concepts from English:

    Denotation

    (what you see)

    Connotation

    (how it affects its audience)

    Hitler holds a bag stating: ‘Deutschland über Alles’.  

    Behind him, the ‘ex French-British Family’ is comprised of Austria, Czechoslovakia, Poland, Hungary and so on to Greece and Turkey.

    This cartoon of October 1938, by the British cartoonist David Low, has the caption: ‘”Europe can look forward to a Christmas of peace” (Hitler). '


    Denotation from English:

    Hitler is a ‘bad Santa’ stealing children.

    Hitler holds a bag stating: ‘Deutschland über Alles’.  

    Behind him, the ‘ex French-British Family’ is comprised of Austria, Czechoslovakia, Poland, Hungary and so on to Greece and Turkey.

    Connotation

    Kidnapping children is the lowest, most evil act in society.

    Meaning

    Hitler is the evil aggressor – Hitler is trying to take over the world.

    This cartoon of October 1938, by the British cartoonist David Low, has the caption: ‘”Europe can look forward to a Christmas of peace” (Hitler). '


    Denotation from English:

    Hitler has a bag labelled ‘Deutschland über Alles’.

    Hitler holds a bag stating: ‘Deutschland über Alles’.  

    Behind him, the ‘ex French-British Family’ is comprised of Austria, Czechoslovakia, Poland, Hungary and so on to Greece and Turkey.

    Connotation

    ‘Deutschland über Alles’ means ‘Germany over all’.

    Meaning

    Hitler is expansionist – he is trying to take over the world.

    This cartoon of October 1938, by the British cartoonist David Low, has the caption: ‘”Europe can look forward to a Christmas of peace” (Hitler). '


    Denotation from English:

    The pillow under ‘Austria’ is empty.

    Hitler holds a bag stating: ‘Deutschland über Alles’.  

    Behind him, the ‘ex French-British Family’ is comprised of Austria, Czechoslovakia, Poland, Hungary and so on to Greece and Turkey.

    Connotation

    Empty = gone/annexed.

    Meaning

    Austria is annexed (and Czechoslovakia is being conquered).

    This cartoon of October 1938, by the British cartoonist David Low, has the caption: ‘”Europe can look forward to a Christmas of peace” (Hitler). '


    Denotation from English:

    Other countries, represented by children, wait in line to be stolen.

    Hitler holds a bag stating: ‘Deutschland über Alles’.  

    Behind him, the ‘ex French-British Family’ is comprised of Austria, Czechoslovakia, Poland, Hungary and so on to Greece and Turkey.

    Connotation

    Children are weak, vulnerable, and need protection.

    Meaning

    Hitler will carry on taking more (this is a common message of Low cartoons).

    This cartoon of October 1938, by the British cartoonist David Low, has the caption: ‘”Europe can look forward to a Christmas of peace” (Hitler). '


    Denotation from English:

    The bed-head reads: ‘Ex French-British family’.

    Hitler holds a bag stating: ‘Deutschland über Alles’.  

    Behind him, the ‘ex French-British Family’ is comprised of Austria, Czechoslovakia, Poland, Hungary and so on to Greece and Turkey.

    Connotation

    Family has connotations of friendship, but also of duty/support.

    Meaning

    Britain is betraying/losing her allies, which she has a duty to help.

    This cartoon of October 1938, by the British cartoonist David Low, has the caption: ‘”Europe can look forward to a Christmas of peace” (Hitler). '


    Denotation from English:

    The caption reads: ‘”Europe can look forward to a Christmas of peace” (Hitler). '

    Hitler holds a bag stating: ‘Deutschland über Alles’.  

    Behind him, the ‘ex French-British Family’ is comprised of Austria, Czechoslovakia, Poland, Hungary and so on to Greece and Turkey.

    Connotation

    The statement is contradicted by what is going on in the picture.

    Meaning

    Low is implying that Hitler is lying – the caption is ironic.

    This cartoon of October 1938, by the British cartoonist David Low, has the caption: ‘”Europe can look forward to a Christmas of peace” (Hitler). '


    Finally, always remember to look at: from English:

    Origin

    (who drew it)

    Date

    (when it was published)

    Hitler holds a bag stating: ‘Deutschland über Alles’.  

    Behind him, the ‘ex French-British Family’ is comprised of Austria, Czechoslovakia, Poland, Hungary and so on to Greece and Turkey.

    This cartoon of October 1938, by the British cartoonist David Low, has the caption: ‘”Europe can look forward to a Christmas of peace” (Hitler). '


    Date from English:

    October 1938.

    Hitler holds a bag stating: ‘Deutschland über Alles’.  

    Behind him, the ‘ex French-British Family’ is comprised of Austria, Czechoslovakia, Poland, Hungary and so on to Greece and Turkey.

    Details

    Just after the Munich Agreement – which gave the Sudetenland to Hitler’s Germany.

    Significance

    Low is warning that the Munich Agreement would not stop Hitler trying to take over more countries.

    This cartoon of October 1938, by the British cartoonist David Low, has the caption: ‘”Europe can look forward to a Christmas of peace” (Hitler). '


    Origin from English:

    The British cartoonist David Low.

    Hitler holds a bag stating: ‘Deutschland über Alles’.  

    Behind him, the ‘ex French-British Family’ is comprised of Austria, Czechoslovakia, Poland, Hungary and so on to Greece and Turkey.

    Details

    Low hated Hitler, and believed that he wanted to take over the world.

    Significance

    Low is warning that the Munich Agreement would not stop Hitler trying to take over more countries.

    This cartoon of October 1938, by the British cartoonist David Low, has the caption: ‘”Europe can look forward to a Christmas of peace” (Hitler). '


    Assignment
    Assignment from English:

    • You will be going over some primary sources that deal with Appeasement, Hitler, and the WWII

    • You will also be going over the 7th step to war- the U.S.S.R/Nazi pact of 1939

    • We will go over the 8th step on Wednesday and go into World War 2!!!


    Entry task1
    Entry Task from English:

    • which is the greater motivator of their actions – principles/ethics/morality, or self-interest? Can they think of times of sacrifice when they acted against their self-interest because they refused to betray their principles? Can they think of times when they betrayed their principles for selfish gain?

    • Are there times when you HAVE to betray your principles for self-interest?

    • Can you think of a situation (not for a greater good, but just for your own gain) where you would: fail to stick up for a friend who was being bad-mouthed? skip your bus-fare? cheat in an exam? tell a lie? let down a family member? steal? kill?


    Nazi soviet pact
    Nazi Soviet Pact from English:

    • Lets go over the key points of the Nazi/Soviet Pact of 1939


    Game time
    GAME TIME!!! from English:

    • Draw a card and find your group

      • Hearts with hearts, spades with spades, etc.

    • Elect someone who will be your chairman/spokesman for your group


    Rules of the game
    Rules of the game from English:

    • You and your group members will receive background info on Russia and their decisions

    • Then, you will receive 4 different scenarios that you will make a decision based on your “foreign policy” options stated on your background info sheet.

    • Each decision will be given a number score

    • Team with most points wins a candy prize of the group’s choice.


    Invasion of poland
    Invasion of from English:poland

    • http://youtu.be/aOAshkp_ySc


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