DEVELOPMENT. DEVELOPMENT. THE GRADUAL EVOLUTION OF THE DEVELOPMENT CONCEPT
During the seventeenthcenturythe developmentconceptwasborn. In thiscentury people thoghtthatonlyindustrializedcountriescouldbeconsidereddeveloped and thatcountriesthatdidn’t have industrial structureswereunderdeveloped.
In the eighteenthcenturyinstead people begantoclassify the countries in threeclasses:
Today we talk about developed countries and developing countries often replaced by a distinction between north and south of the world
If we want to know exactly a development grade of a country is not enough to analyze only the economical indicators. We must take into account also the quality of the life. It has its effects on demographic indicators. In addition to demographic indicators, we must consider the environmental and health emergencies that anyway may slow the development.
The ISUwasfondedbyONU foranexactcalculationof a countrydevelopment.
ISUcalculates the developmentbased on fourpoints:
ISU expressesthis data in decimalnumbers:
A recent calculation shows that the 80% of the resources on earth are used by developed countries. This is that the resources availeble to developing countries are only the 20%. This can easily be deducted that most of pollutants from the use of resources is produced by developed countries . This means that if developed countries don’t degree their resources utilization, the developing countries won’t increase their development grade.
Another problem in developing countries is the parallel growth of the population and the economy because the resources that must be used are for everyone the same. So two ideas were born:
With “sustainabledevelopment”, the organizationwantstosaythat the economicalgrowthmustbeaccompainedbyanincreaseof the qualityof the life.
Alsotheremustbeanequitabledistributionofresources. Forexample: anincreaseofenergyconsumptionofdevelopingcountriesmustcorrespondto a degreeof the energyconsumptionofdevelopedcountries. The equitable distribution of resources must also be valid in the future. So we must be sure that the future population will have the same amount of resources that we have had.
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