History. of Lunar. Exploration. By Ian Lambert. Centuries of Exploration. For hundreds of years, the telescope was the main way to observe the moon.
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The Gemini spacecraft was designed for two astronauts.
Ten missions were flown in Gemini from March 1965 to November 1966.
The two purposes of the missions were to find if a human could survive and work in the weightlessness of space for ten days (which is the amount of time needed to fly to the moon and back) and to train astronauts to maneuver the spacecraft.
Apollo 11 was the first manned mission to land on the moon.
On January 20th, 1969, Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin were the first humans to step foot on the moon. They were also the first to bring back samples from an other planetary body. This is the flight that accomplished the mission of sending an astronaut to and from the moon safely. Neil Armstrong video
In 1971 the Soviets launched the world’s first space station – Salyut 1.
In 1973 the US launched Skylab, a larger space station hosted 3 crews and was abandoned.
In 1986 the soviets put the Mir Space Station in orbit which was the most successful space station until it was abandoned and burned up in the atmosphere in 2001. The Mir space station traveled around Earth more than 85,000 times and was home to astronauts from Russia and the US