Archived Information. Research-Based Instruction in Reading. Dr. Bonnie B. Armbruster University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. National Reading Panel Elements of Reading Instruction. Phonemic awareness Phonics Fluency Vocabulary Text comprehension. Phonemic Awareness.
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Less fluent readers must focus their attention primarily on decoding and accessing the meaning of individual words. Therefore, they have little attention left for comprehending the text.Why Fluency is Important