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“A constitution is a document that describes the organisation and how it operates.”. CONSTITUTIONS. From: Constitutions, The University of Lincolnshire and Humberside Students Union, England. BY-LAWS. By-laws provide the rules to govern the day-to-day operation of the organization. Name

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constitutions
“A constitution is a document that describes the organisation and how it operates.”CONSTITUTIONS

From: Constitutions, The University of Lincolnshire and Humberside Students Union, England

by laws
BY-LAWS
  • By-laws provide the rules to govern the day-to-day operation of the organization.
constitutions include
Name

Purpose

Membership

Officers

Committees

Operations

Ratification & Amendment

By-laws

CONSTITUTIONS INCLUDE
organization name
ORGANIZATION NAME
  • “The name of this organization shall be ________ (________).”
  • Include college affiliation.
  • Include affiliation with state or national organizations.
organization purpose
ORGANIZATION PURPOSE
  • “The purpose of this organization shall be . . .”
  • The purpose or mission statement should be clear and concise.
  • Goal statements may be included.
membership
MEMBERSHIP
  • Membership criteria may include student status, GPA*, major etc.
  • Membership criteria may NOT include race, sex, color, creed, religion, age, national origin, disability, marital status, status with regard to public assistance, sexual orientation, or membership or activity in a local commission as defined by law.

*In compliance with FERPA

membership1
MEMBERSHIP
  • Membership Categories
  • Voting Members
  • Membership Responsibilities
    • Attendance & Participation
  • Dues or Assessments
  • Membership Termination
officers
OFFICERS
  • Titles
  • Eligibility
  • Duties & Responsibilities
  • Election
    • When & How
  • Removal
    • When & How
committees
COMMITTEES
  • Standing Committees
    • Name, Membership, Duties
  • Special (Ad Hoc) Committees
    • Special Committee Establishment
    • Special Committee Appointment Process
operations
OPERATIONS
  • Quorum
  • Number of Votes Required for Decisions
  • Business and Finance
  • Referral to Robert’s Rules of Order
  • Advisor Role
  • Disbursal of Assets
ratification amendment
RATIFICATION & AMENDMENT
  • Ratification Process
    • i.e. “This Constitution shall be effective upon a 2/3 vote of the membership.”
    • Institutional Recognition
ratification amendment1
RATIFICATION & AMENDMENT
  • Amendment Process
    • Introduction of Amendments
    • Required Process
    • Vote
      • Who Votes
      • What kind of Majority
by laws1
BY-LAWS
  • Authorization to Establish By-Laws
  • Process to Establish By-Laws
    • Simple Majority Vote
  • By-Laws can be Separate or Included:
    • Processes
    • Rules
slide14

"Some men look at Constitutions with sanctimonious reverence, and deem them like the ark of the covenant, too sacred to be touched. They ascribe to the men of the preceding age a wisdom more than human, and suppose what they did to be beyond amendment. . . .Laws and institutions must go hand in hand with the progress of the human mind. . . We might as well require a man to wear the coat that fitted him as a boy, as civilized society to remain ever under the regime of their ancestors." -Thomas Jefferson

bibliography
Bibliography
  • Robert, H. M., (1984). Robert’s Rules of Order , NY: Berkley Publishing.
  • Constitutions, University ofLincolnshire & Humberside Students Union, www.humber.ac.uk/su/leader/constitution.html.
  • The Constitution of the Student Assembly, Lake Superior State University, http://assembly.lssu.edu/constitution/preamble.html.
  • Organization Constitutions, California State University-Chico, www.csuchico.edu/sac/OrgConst.html.
  • Guidelines for Constitutions, Georgetown University, www.georgetown.edu/student-programs/og/const.hml.
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