Imagery figurative language
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Imagery & Figurative Language PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Imagery & Figurative Language. An”image” is “a word or sequence of words that refers to any sensory experience”. Imagery. What are your five senses? Hearing, Sight, Taste, Touch, and Smell.

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Imagery & Figurative Language

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Imagery figurative language

Imagery & Figurative Language

An”image” is “a word or sequence of words that

refers to any sensory experience”



What are your five senses? Hearing, Sight, Taste, Touch, and Smell.

  • An image conveys a sense perception , i.e., a visual picture, a sound, a feeling of touch, a taste, or an odor.

  • Imagery is-

    a noun used to refer to a set of related images in a piece of writing or the totality of images in the writing.

Figures of speech

Figures of Speech

Figurative language uses figures of speech to convey unique images and create some sort of special effect or impression.

A “figure of speech” is an intentional deviation from the ordinary usage of language.

Imagery figurative language

  • Writers often create images or enhance meaning by comparing one thing to another for special effect.

  • A most important figure of speech is the Metaphor.



  • The term metaphor has two meanings: a broad, more general meaning and a concise, specific meaning.

    • All figures of speech which use association, comparison, or resemblance can generally be called types of metaphor, or metaphorical.

    • One specific figure of speech which compares two things by saying that one IS the other is called a metaphor.



  • A simile is a type of metaphor, a figure in which an explicit comparison is made using the comparative wordslike, as, resembles, than. Similes are easy to spot.

    (X is like Y: X is compared to Y in order to illustrate X more fancifully, poetically, or effectively.

  • My love is like a red, red rose.

  • We were as quiet as frightened mice.

More ways to make a simile

More ways to make a simile:

My love is like a red, red rose.

My love resembles a rose.

My love is redder than a rose.

She came out smelling like a rose!



  • A metaphor also compares, but is a bit more sophisticated than a simile.

  • In a metaphor, the words like or as are missing. Readers have to recognize the comparison on their own without those easy words which help us to spot a simile so quickly.

Metaphor continued

Metaphor (continued)

In a metaphor, a writer states that X is Y. Readers understand that we are not to take the comparison literally, but that the metaphor helps us to see X in a new way.

EXAMPLE: My brother is a prince.

More metaphors

More metaphors

Her eyes are dark emeralds.

Her teeth are pearls.

Avoid Mixed Metaphors

-combining two or more incompatible images in a single figure of speech




1. "The ancient car groaned into third gear."2. "The cloud scattered rain throughout the city."3. "The tropical storm slept for two days."The nonliving objects in the above sentences (car, cloud, storm) have been given human qualities (groaned, scattered, slept). Adding meaning to nonliving or nonhuman objects in this manner is called personification.

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