TEKS 3 rd Grade: Describe the negative effects of smoking on the body. (L) 4 th Grade: Describe the effects and consequences of smoking on one’s health. (L) 5 th Grade:
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3rd Grade: Describe the negative effects of smoking on the body. (L)
4th Grade: Describe the effects and consequences of smoking on one’s health. (L)
Describe the changes that occur in the cardiorespiratory system as a result of smoking and how those changes affect the ability to perform physical activity. (4H)
Describe how movement and coordination are effected by alcohol and other drugs. (4I)
3rd –5th Grades
Alveoli – Air cells in the lungs
Consequences– A result or outcome
Negative effects– Something that could happen that is not good
Nicotine – Addictive substance in tobacco
Second hand smoke – Smoke from a cigarette, cigar, or pipe that is involuntarily inhaled
Tar– Black, gooey gunk that comes from the smoke of cigarettes, cigars, and pipes
Tobacco – A plant that can be smoked in cigarettes, pipes, or cigars or can be chewed or spit.
Osteoporosis – Loss of bone density which causes bones to become brittle and subject to fracture
Emphysema–Irreversible disease of the lungs in which the lung tissue has been destroyed
Peer Pressure– Social pressure by one’s peer group to adopt certain values, rules, and actions to conform in order to be accepted
Cardiorespiratory - Pertaining to the heart and respiratory (lungs) system
Spit tobacco is placed in a person’s mouth and is spit out. Fire is not used to light this product and cause smoke.
Tobacco products that cause smoke to go into the air produce second hand smoke.
There are approximately 600 ingredients in cigarettes. When burned, they create more than 4,000 chemicals.
Nicotine is an addictive drug made from a tobacco plant.
It is also used in insecticide.
Acetone- found in nail polish remover
Acetone- found in nail polish remover
Lead – used in batteries
Acetic Acid – an ingredient in hair dye
Ammonia – a common household cleaner
Arsenic – used in rat poison
Methanol – a main component in rocket fuel
Formaldehyde – used to preserve deceased animals for research
Butane – used in lighter fluid
Information take from the American Lung Association
Teacher Note: Show the “Tar Jar”
Over time, airways begin to narrow which causes the lungs to get less oxygen.
Compare the differences between the healthy and unhealthy heart and lungs.
Why are they different?
LUNGS WORK HARDER = HEART WORKS HARDER
Works harder when the unhealthy lungs are getting less oxygen
Picture credit: http://princessshimari.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/05/tar-lungs.jpg
Irreversible disease of the lungs in which the lung tissue (alveoli) has been destroyed
Picture from: http://theenzymeshop.wordpress.com/2010/08/16/emphysema-serrapeptase-and-serracel/
Smoke from cigars, cigarettes, pipes a non-smoker breathes in when around a smoker.
A person who smokes
A person who does not smoke
Even though Emily is not smoking she is breathing in second hand smoke from John.
What can the smoke coming from John’s tobacco pipe do to Emily’s body?
Things that could happen immediately or within a short amount of time to someone or something.
Click on the speaker beside each effect for more information.
Taste and Smell
Bad-smelling clothes and hair
Bad breath and yellowed teeth
Decreased supply of oxygen
Things that could happen after an extended time
(in the future) to someone or something.
Click on the speaker each effect for more information.
Increased chances of being sick
Stained Teeth and Fingernails
Tobacco smoking is the leading cause of preventabledeaths in the United States.
Hair will smell
Less sense of smell
Irritates eyes (red, itchy)
Stains Teeth (yellow/brownish teeth)
Less sense of taste
Lungs get less oxygen
Heart works harder
If a person smokes, how will their body feel when they exercise or play?
Clothes get smelly (stinky) or burned
Air sac =
Small sacs in the lungs that hold air (alveoli)
Air cells in the lungs
A result or outcome
Negative Effects =
Something that could happen that is not good
Second Hand Smoke =
Smoke from a cigarette, cigar, or pipe that is involuntarily inhaled
Tubes that lead the air in and out of your lungs
Bronchiole Tubes =
Black, gooey gunk that comes from the smoke of cigarettes, cigars, and pipes