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We will look at these important events and determine the effect on both the North and the South. Road To Civil War. The following is a timeline of events that increased sectionalism to the point that the only solution would be WAR !. 1820 Missouri Compromise.

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we will look at these important events and determine the effect on both the north and the south

We will look at these important events and determine the effect on both the North and the South

road to civil war

Road To Civil War

The following is a timeline of events that increased sectionalism to the point that the only solution would be WAR!

1820 missouri compromise
1820 Missouri Compromise
  • Maine enters the Union a free state
  • Missouri enters as a slave state
  • 12 free and 12 slave states in the Senate
  • In Louisiana Terr. Slavery prohibited north of 36/30
compromise of 1850
Compromise of 1850
  • California enters Union as a free state
  • New Mex. & Utah implement Popular Sovereignty: people of a territory decide for themselves whether to allow slavery or not
  • End of slave trade in Washington D.C.
  • Stricter Fugitive Slave Law
compromise of 18501
North: California enters free, balance in favor of North / No more slave trade in Washington D.C. / Possibility of no slavery in N. Mex and Ut. (popular sovereignty)

South: Stricter Fugitive slave law (easier to get their slaves back) / Could get slavery in N. Mex and Ut. / Part of CA is below 36/30 [no slaves] / **at this point Union saved but South angry!!!!

Compromise of 1850
fugitive slave law 1850
Fugitive Slave Law 1850
  • Federal enforcement of the return of runaway slaves
  • North HAD to COMPLY w/ federal law
  • Anyone caught aiding runaways - fined $1,000 and jailed 6 months
  • Free or enslaved African-Americans could not testify in their own defense to prove that they were not fugitive slaves
1852 uncle tom s cabin
1852 Uncle Tom’s Cabin
  • This was a book by Harriet Beecher Stowe that portrayed the suffering of slaves and the heartless slave owner and his brutal overseer
  • Sold over 10,000 copies in its first week
uncle tom s cabin
North: Swayed many Northerners who read it against slavery-when they realized how bad slavery could be!

South:Turned Southerners against Northerners more

South said the book was just a ploy to make money

Uncle Tom’s Cabin

This book increased sectionalism between the North and the South

1854 kansas nebraska act
1854 Kansas - Nebraska Act
  • Divided the Nebraska Territory into two territories-Kansas and Nebraska
  • Settlers in these territories decide slavery issue through Popular Sovereignty
kansas nebraska act
North: This act legally voided the Missouri Compromise: opened the possibility of slavery in the West NORTH of 36/30; North outraged!

South: thought slaveholders from Missouri would move into Kansas and it would become a slave state; The South liked this Act; slavery possible now north of 36/30

Kansas - Nebraska Act
1854 republican party formed
1854 Republican Party Formed
  • Disagreement over Ks-Nb Act split the Whig Party
  • Pro-slave Whigs joined the Democratic Party
  • Whigs and Democrats that were opposed to the Ks-Nb Act and were anti-slave joined the Republican Party
republicans democrats
North: Most Northerners were part of the Republican Party

Keep slavery out of the Western Territories!

South: Anyone that was pro-slave belonged to the Democratic Party

Republicans / Democrats
1857 dred scott decision
1857 Dred Scott Decision
  • Slave who traveled to free state and territory
  • Scott sued for his freedom after death of his master because he had lived in free territories
dred scott decision
Dred Scott Decision
  • Supreme Court ruled 7-2 against Scott
  • “Founding Fathers never intended African-Americans to be citizens”
  • “Scott’s travels did not affect his status as a slave - Slaves=Property
  • “Congress has no right to prohibit slavery in the territories
  • “Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional-Congress can’t prohibit it”
scott decision
North: Bitter! Vowed to fight the decision; a clear defeat for abolitionists!

South: Happy! The South now considered ALL territories open to slavery!

Scott Decision
1860 presidential election
1860 Presidential Election
  • South believed Lincoln was an abolitionist
  • He spoke of stopping spread of slavery West BUT not bringing an end to slavery
  • South believed if Lincoln elected, they would lose their voice in the government
  • Lincoln Wins Election of 1860!!!!!!
election of abraham lincoln
North: Slavery may not spread any further West!!! victory

South: S. Carolina said it was time to secede! Sound familiar?????? Would they have support this time?? YEP!

Election of Abraham Lincoln
1860 secession begins
1860 Secession Begins!
  • South Carolina is the first to secede in 1860
  • 1861: Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas bolt!
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