We will look at these important events and determine the effect on both the north and the south
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We will look at these important events and determine the effect on both the North and the South. Road To Civil War. The following is a timeline of events that increased sectionalism to the point that the only solution would be WAR !. 1820 Missouri Compromise.

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We will look at these important events and determine the effect on both the North and the South

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We will look at these important events and determine the effect on both the north and the south

We will look at these important events and determine the effect on both the North and the South


Road to civil war

Road To Civil War

The following is a timeline of events that increased sectionalism to the point that the only solution would be WAR!


1820 missouri compromise

1820 Missouri Compromise

  • Maine enters the Union a free state

  • Missouri enters as a slave state

  • 12 free and 12 slave states in the Senate

  • In Louisiana Terr. Slavery prohibited north of 36/30


Missouri compromise

North: Slavery was prohibited north of 36/30

South: Slavery was allowed south of 36/30

Missouri Compromise


Compromise of 1850

Compromise of 1850

  • California enters Union as a free state

  • New Mex. & Utah implement Popular Sovereignty: people of a territory decide for themselves whether to allow slavery or not

  • End of slave trade in Washington D.C.

  • Stricter Fugitive Slave Law


We will look at these important events and determine the effect on both the north and the south

What stands out about California on this map? Think!


Compromise of 18501

North: California enters free, balance in favor of North / No more slave trade in Washington D.C. / Possibility of no slavery in N. Mex and Ut. (popular sovereignty)

South: Stricter Fugitive slave law (easier to get their slaves back) / Could get slavery in N. Mex and Ut. / Part of CA is below 36/30 [no slaves] / **at this point Union saved but South angry!!!!

Compromise of 1850


Fugitive slave law 1850

Fugitive Slave Law 1850

  • Federal enforcement of the return of runaway slaves

  • North HAD to COMPLY w/ federal law

  • Anyone caught aiding runaways - fined $1,000 and jailed 6 months

  • Free or enslaved African-Americans could not testify in their own defense to prove that they were not fugitive slaves


1852 uncle tom s cabin

1852 Uncle Tom’s Cabin

  • This was a book by Harriet Beecher Stowe that portrayed the suffering of slaves and the heartless slave owner and his brutal overseer

  • Sold over 10,000 copies in its first week


Uncle tom s cabin

North: Swayed many Northerners who read it against slavery-when they realized how bad slavery could be!

South:Turned Southerners against Northerners more

South said the book was just a ploy to make money

Uncle Tom’s Cabin

This book increased sectionalism between the North and the South


1854 kansas nebraska act

1854 Kansas - Nebraska Act

  • Divided the Nebraska Territory into two territories-Kansas and Nebraska

  • Settlers in these territories decide slavery issue through Popular Sovereignty


Kansas nebraska act

North: This act legally voided the Missouri Compromise: opened the possibility of slavery in the West NORTH of 36/30; North outraged!

South: thought slaveholders from Missouri would move into Kansas and it would become a slave state; The South liked this Act; slavery possible now north of 36/30

Kansas - Nebraska Act


1854 republican party formed

1854 Republican Party Formed

  • Disagreement over Ks-Nb Act split the Whig Party

  • Pro-slave Whigs joined the Democratic Party

  • Whigs and Democrats that were opposed to the Ks-Nb Act and were anti-slave joined the Republican Party


Republicans democrats

North: Most Northerners were part of the Republican Party

Keep slavery out of the Western Territories!

South: Anyone that was pro-slave belonged to the Democratic Party

Republicans / Democrats


1857 dred scott decision

1857 Dred Scott Decision

  • Slave who traveled to free state and territory

  • Scott sued for his freedom after death of his master because he had lived in free territories


Dred scott decision

Dred Scott Decision

  • Supreme Court ruled 7-2 against Scott

  • “Founding Fathers never intended African-Americans to be citizens”

  • “Scott’s travels did not affect his status as a slave - Slaves=Property

  • “Congress has no right to prohibit slavery in the territories

  • “Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional-Congress can’t prohibit it”


Scott decision

North: Bitter! Vowed to fight the decision; a clear defeat for abolitionists!

South: Happy! The South now considered ALL territories open to slavery!

Scott Decision


1860 presidential election

1860 Presidential Election

  • South believed Lincoln was an abolitionist

  • He spoke of stopping spread of slavery West BUT not bringing an end to slavery

  • South believed if Lincoln elected, they would lose their voice in the government

  • Lincoln Wins Election of 1860!!!!!!


Election of abraham lincoln

North: Slavery may not spread any further West!!! victory

South: S. Carolina said it was time to secede! Sound familiar?????? Would they have support this time?? YEP!

Election of Abraham Lincoln


1860 secession begins

1860 Secession Begins!

  • South Carolina is the first to secede in 1860

  • 1861: Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas bolt!


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