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Technology for Speech, Language, and Voice Impairments. Carrie Bruce, M.A., CCC-SLP, ATP CATEA at Georgia Tech. Communication. Provides a window into our inner selves Permits a person to express Basic wants, needs, and desires Thoughts and feelings Knowledge
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Carrie Bruce, M.A., CCC-SLP, ATP
CATEA at Georgia Tech
Communication--a process of exchanging ideas and information:
Basically, we communicate to get our needs met
Rick Kreech p. 104 in Musselwhite & St. Louis (1998),
“Speech is the most important thing we have. It makes us a person and not a thing. No one should ever have to be a thing.”
“If I were granted one wish and one wish only, I would not hesitate for an instant to request that I be able to talk if only for one day, or even on hour.”
From Sienkiewicz-Mercer & Kaplan (1989)
The F. Hall Roe\'s communication board consisted of letters and words printed on Masonite, and it was the first widely available communication aid.
Perhaps the earliest electric communication device was the POSM (Patient Operated Selector Mechanism)
Reg Maling in 1960
The Patient Initiated Light Operated Telecontrol (PILOT) allowed people to control typewriters by simply pointing a beam of light (1967)
“The Talking Brooch,” a wearable communication aid, was designed for individuals who could not talk but could type on a keyboard held in the hand.
The Tufts Interactor Communicator (TIC) used scanning to provide access to display and printers and later introduced changing the scanning letter arrangement dynamically based on the most probably next characters to by selected.
The Auto Monitoring Communication Board (AutoCom) was a user programmable communication/control aid designed to allow users with severe motor impairments to directly select words and phrases to communicate and write.
First portable communication (and later, computer access) aid where the user had the freedom to change their own vocabulary and rearrange the letters, words, and phrases
The Portaprinter was a portable printing communication aid built into a thick briefcase like box with a scanning display and strip printer.
The Canon Communicator was the world\'s smallest printing communication aid and was particularly useful to people who were ambulatory.
According to the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, approximately 14 million individuals have a speech, voice, or language disorder.
stroke, accident, tumor, anoxia,
cancer, ALS, MS,
burns, nerve damage, SCI, etc.
Individual may or may not be able to type or directly access equipment.
Individual may or may not live with others.
Individual may or may not have normal cognitive skills.
Individual may or may not work or go to school.