Race equality
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Race & Equality. PostModern Turn. Economics Political Social Definition. Identity and Liberation. Gender Equality – next lecture Racial Equality Move towards political and economic independence in 3 rd world countries. Mohandas Gandhi. 1869-1948 “Great Soul” Nonviolent resistance

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Race & Equality

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Race & Equality


PostModern Turn

  • Economics

  • Political

  • Social

  • Definition


Identity and Liberation

  • Gender Equality – next lecture

  • Racial Equality

    • Move towards political and economic independence in 3rd world countries


Mohandas Gandhi

  • 1869-1948

  • “Great Soul”

  • Nonviolent resistance

  • Liberation in 1947


Wars for Identity


Liberation & Identity in Latin America


Map


General Facts

  • Large majority of people live in relative poverty

  • Social Upheaval

  • Largely Spanish speaking

  • Predominantly Catholic – “Liberation theology”

  • Socialist Government


Pablo Neruda

  • 1904-1973

  • Chilean

  • Background

  • Poem – United Fruit Company Handout


United States:The Quest for Racial Equality


Segregation


The Harlem Renaissance


Harlem Street Scene


General Facts

  • 1920-1940

  • Common themes

    • Alienation

    • Marginality

    • Folk material

    • Blues tradition

  • Hot spots & Jazz


Harlem “Hot Spots”


Jazz


Langston Hughes

  • 1902-1967

  • Biography

  • Phrases part of our culture

  • “The Negro Speaks of Rivers”


Gwendolyn Brooks

  • 1917-2000

  • Biography

  • Uses street slang in poetry

  • “We Real Cool”


Richard Wright

  • 1908-1960

  • Literary fame and fortune

  • Biography

  • Native Son (1940) and Black Boy (1945)


The Civil Rights Movement

1955-1965


Brown vs. the Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas


Rosa Parks


Martin Luther King, Jr.

  • 1929-1968

  • Civil-rights leader

  • Model for future nonviolent movement


Civil Rights Events


August 28, 1963March on Washington


Civil Rights Events


Malcolm X

  • 1925–1965

  • Militant leader

  • Message to the Grass Roots (1963)

  • 1964 – conversion to Islam


African Americans and the Visual Arts


General Information

  • Social concerns made public

  • African folk idioms

  • Colloquial language

  • Blue Aesthetic

    • Rhythmic, stylized compositions

  • Later

    • Bold

    • Cynical


Saar, The Liberation of Aunt Jemima, 1972, Socially Conscious Art


Les Demoiselle d’Alabama


Jazz


Influences on Jazz

  • Marching bands

  • Minstrels

  • Blues

  • Ragtime


Louis Armstrong

  • 1900-1971

  • From New Orleans

  • Began at 12

  • Developed scat singing

  • International respected form


Louis Armstrong

  • 1900-1971

  • From New Orleans

  • Began at 12

  • Developed scat singing

  • International respected form


Billie Holiday

  • 1915-1959

  • Chicago singer


George Gershwin (1898-1937)


Edward Kennedy "Duke" Ellington (1899-1974)


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