Is Anyone Searching for a Solution?: Transboundary Groundwater Resources Shared by the United States...
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Is Anyone Searching for a Solution?: Transboundary Groundwater Resources Shared by the United States and Mexico. Christina N. Tippit. Why is this topic important?.

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Is Anyone Searching for a Solution?: Transboundary Groundwater Resources Shared by the United States and Mexico

Christina N. Tippit


Why is this topic important
Why is this topic important? Groundwater Resources Shared by the United States and Mexico

  • U.S.-Mexico border is a generally arid region and many living there rely on groundwater due to low annual precipitation and lack of ample surface water resources

  • Laws regulating groundwater management on an international border are almost non-existent

  • No consensus on how many aquifers exist

  • Conflicting laws regarding groundwater in the U.S. and Mexico


Important agreements
Important Agreements Groundwater Resources Shared by the United States and Mexico

  • 1944 Water Treaty

  • International Boundary and Water Commission’s (IBWC) Minute 242

  • United States-Mexico Transboundary Aquifer Act

  • IBWC’s Minute 289

  • La Paz Agreement

http://research.utep.edu/


Issues
Issues Groundwater Resources Shared by the United States and Mexico

  • Declining water tables

  • Little to no information on water quality

  • No uniformity in groundwater law (even among American border states)

    • Federal v. State Issues

  • No consensus on the number of transboundary groundwater resources

  • Gaps in data

http://www.ibwc.state.gov/


Recommendations
Recommendations Groundwater Resources Shared by the United States and Mexico

  • Development of an over-arching agency to oversee water quality and quantity issues among U.S. states

  • Equitable and reasonable use

  • Notification and consultation

  • Standardize data collection and measurements

  • Annual bi-national information exchange

  • Bi-national effort to catalog all transboundary groundwater resources


Further readings
Further Readings Groundwater Resources Shared by the United States and Mexico

  • Mumme, Stephen P., Advancing Binational Cooperation In Transboundary Aquifer Management on the U.S.-Mexico Border. 16 Colo. J. Int’l Envtl. L. & Pol’y 77, 79 (2005)

  • Hardberger, A., What Lies Beneath: Determining the Necessity of International Groundwater Policy Along the United States-Mexico Border and a Roadmap to an Agreement, 35 Tex. Tech L.Rev. 1212 (2004)

  • Gavrell RC, The elephant under the border: an argument for a new, comprehensive treaty for the transboundary waters and aquifers of the United States and Mexico. 16 Colo. J. Int’l Envtl. L. & Pol’y 189 (2005)

  • Transboundary Groundwaters: The Bellagio Draft Treaty. 29 Nat. Resources J. 676 (1989)

  • Eckstein, G. & Hardberger, A., State Practice in the Management and Allocation of Transboundary Groundwater Resources in North America. 18 Yearbook of Int'l Envt'l L. 2007 96 (2008)


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