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What’s in a Name?. A look at the Names of God in Scripture. Ihsou $ Xristo $ Qeou Uio $ Swthr. The Agenda. What’s in a Name – why so important? The Basics – El, Elohim , YHWH, Adonai Compounds – El Shaddai , Jahweh Jireh etc. New Testament Names

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what s in a name

What’s in a Name?

A look at the Names of Godin Scripture

Ihsou$

Xristo$

Qeou

Uio$

Swthr

the agenda
The Agenda
  • What’s in a Name – why so important?
  • The Basics – El, Elohim, YHWH, Adonai
  • Compounds – El Shaddai, JahwehJireh etc.
  • New Testament Names
  • The Name, Character & Relationship with Man
why so important
Why so important?
  • Little significance in modern culture
  • Name communicates character. Important
  • Personal Character of a Name
  • Naming  Power; esp. re-naming
  • Names & Relationship – NB God revealed His Name to His people
the basics
The Basics
  • El - la God “mighty, strong, prominent” 250 times in OT
  • Elohim– <yhlaplural of El but with singular verb
  • YHWH/Yahweh / Jehovah –יהוה 6,800 times in OT, never of pagan deities
  • Adonai– y/da lord, master, owner, superior, sovereign. 300 times; 215 times of men
putting them together
Putting them together
  • El Berith – God of the Covenant Judg 8:33 & 9:46
  • El Elyon – Most high GodGen 14:18
  • El Gibbor – Mighty God – all powerful One Isa 9:6
  • El Olam – Everlasting God Gen 21:33
  • El Roi – The God who sees Gen 16:13
  • El Shaddai – Almighty God – All-sufficient One Gen 17:1-2
elohim
Elohimאֱלֹהִים
  • First Name given for God in the Bible (Gen 1:1)
  • Plural word, singular verbs! Majesty; Trinity?
  • God, gods, rulers, judges, angels. Cf. Jn10:34; Ps 82:6. 2,570 times in OT
  • Elohim is holy, righteous, jealous, merciful, gracious, great & terrible, forgiving & faithful
yahweh jehovah
Yahweh / Jehovah יְהֹוָה
  • Most English translations YHWH = LORD caps
  • ‘I am who I am’ and thus ‘the self-existent One’ (Ex 3:13–15 )
  • I appeared to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, as God Almighty; but by my name Yahweh I was not known to them. (Ex 6:3)
  • JEDP hypothesis – different authors?
  • Suggestion: Yahweh used in covenant relationship; Elohim = Creator & Lord
jehovah names
Jehovah Names
  • Jehovah-jireh: The Lord will Provide. Gen. 22:14
  • Jehovah-ropheka(also spelled Jehovah-Rapha): The Lord Who Heals. Ex. 15:22-26.
  • Jehovah-nissi: The Lord Our Banner. Ex. 17:15
  • Jehovah-m\'kaddesh(also spelled Jehovah Mekoddishkem): The Lord Who Sanctifies. Ex. 31:13 Lev. 20:8
  • Jehovah-shalom:The Lord Our Peace. Jud 6:24
  • Jehovah-tsidkenu: The Lord Our Righteousness Jer. 23:5–6 33:16
ehyeh asher ehyeh
אֶהְיֶה אֲשֶׁר אֶהְיֶהEhyehAsher Ehyeh
  • Jehovah Elohim: "LORD God" Gen. 2:4
  • Jehovah-rohi: "The Lord Our Shepherd" Ps 23
  • Jehovah-shammah: "The Lord is There" or the “Jehovah the Existing One” (Ezek. 48:35).
  • Jehovah-sabaoth: "The Lord of Hosts" or “the Lord of Powers” or “The Lord of the Armies.”
new testament names
New Testament Names
  • Jesus = Yehoshua or Yeshua = Yahweh saves
  • Christ = anointed = Messiah
  • Alpha & Omega = A & W –beginning & end)
  • GOOD SHEPHERD John 10:11
  • GREAT HIGH PRIEST Hebrews 4:14
  • GREAT SHEPHERD Hebrews 13:20
  • WORD OF GOD Revelation 19:13
  • Qeo $Kurio$ Despote$
  • God Lord Master
slide11

ABBA (Dad) Romans 8:15

BREAD OF LIFE John 6:35

CHRIST Matthew 16:16

DELIVERER Romans 11:26

END Revelation 21:6

FAITHFUL ONE Revelation 19:11

GREAT HIGH PRIEST Hebrews 4:14

HEAD OF THE CHURCH Ephesians 5:23

IMAGE OF GOD II Cor. 4:4

JESUS Matthew 1:21

KING OF KINGS I Timothy 6:15

LORD OF ALL Acts 10:36

MESSIAH John 4:25

NAZARENE Matthew 2:23

OMEGA Revelation 22:13

POWER OF GOD I Cor. 1:24

RIGHTEOUS ONE I John 2:1

SAVIOUR Luke 2:11

TRUE WITNESS Revelation 3:14

VINE John 15:5

WORD OF GOD Revelation 19:13

who is god to you
Who is God to you?
  • Is He your
    • Most High God& All sufficient One
    • Master, Lord of Peace
    • The Lord Who Will Provide
    • Your Father?
    • Ra’ah, the Lord our Shepherd.
  • God knows us by our name, shouldn\'t we know Him by His?
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