The passive voice by c alp zar n http www e grammar org passive voice
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The Passive Voice ( By C. Alpízar N.) e-grammar/passive-voice/ PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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The Passive Voice ( By C. Alpízar N.)

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The Passive Voice ( By C. Alpízar N.) e-grammar/passive-voice/

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ThePassiveVoice( By C. Alpízar N.)

CharacteristicsItisused in formal (academic, scientific) readings and writings. Itisrarelyused in oral activities. It can beused, butitisnot as common as in readingsor formal writings.

Components1. a transitive verb (allows a direct object)2. a subject3. a direct object (or a “by” agent)4. the preposition “by” (not all the time)5. the verb “be” as an auxiliary6. a past participle

Simple Present ActiveJohnwritesarticlesfor La Nación everyday.John = subjectwrites = transitiveverbarticles = directobject

Simple PresentPassiveArticlesare writtenby John everydayfor La Nación.Articles = newsubjectarewritten = auxiliary “be” in present + pastparticipleby John = “Byagent” (notalwaysnecessary / present in a sentence)

Important NoteJohnwrites articles = singular subjectArticlesare written by John = plural subject.

On-line ExercisesSimple Present Passive

Simple Past ActiveMozart composedIdomeneo in 1773.Mozart = subjectcomposed = transitiveverbIdomeneo = directobject

Simple PastPassiveIdomeneowascomposedby Mozart in 1773. Idomeneo = newsubjectwascomposed = auxiliary “be” in past + pastparticipleby Mozart = “Byagent” (notalwaysnecessary / present in a sentence)

Important NoteMozartcomposed many symphonies = singular subjectMany symphonies were composed by Mozart = plural subject

On-line ExercisesSimple Past Passive

PresentContinuous ActiveResearchersare launching (*) a new rockettoday. Researchers= subjectare launching= transitiveverba new rocket= directobject (*) initiate

PresentContinuousPassiveA new rocketisbeinglaunchedbyresearcherstoday. A new rocket= newsubjectisbeinglaunched= auxiliary “be” in present (is) + auxiliary “be” in presentcontinuous (being) + pastparticiplebyresearchers= “Byagent” (notalwaysnecessary / present in a sentence)

Important NoteResearchersare launchinga new rockettoday. = plural subject A new rocketisbeinglaunchedbyresearcherstoday. = singular subject

On-line ExercisesPresent Continuous Passive

PresentPerfect ActiveScientistshaveimprovedtechnologyin thelastcentury. Scientists= subjecthaveimproved= transitiveverbtechnology= directobject

PresentPerfectPassiveTechnologyhas beenimprovedbyScientistsin thelastcentury. Technology= newsubject has beenimproved= auxiliary “has” + pastparticiple of “be” (been) + anotherpastparticiplebyresearchers= “Byagent” (notalwaysnecessary / present in a sentence)

Important NoteScientistshaveimprovedtechnologyin thelastcentury. = plural subjectTechnologyhas beenimprovedbyScientistsin thelastcentury. = singular subject

On-line ExercisesPresent Perfect Passive

Simple Future ActivePeoplewilldrinkCoca Cola in the 21st century. People= subjectwilldrink= transitiveverb Coca Cola = directobject

Simple FuturePassiveCoca Cola willbedrunkbypeoplein the 21st century. Coca Cola = newsubjectwillbedrunk= auxiliary “will” + auxiliary-infinitive “be” + pastparticipletheverbbypeople= “Byagent” (notalwaysnecessary / present in a sentence)

Important NotePeoplewilldrinkCoca Cola in the 21st century. = plural subject Coca Cola willbedrunkbypeoplein the 21st century. = singular subject

Modals and Active Voice1. Astronauts (subject) couldlaunch(modal auxiliary + transitiveverb)spacestations(directobject)2. Humanity (subject) shouldstart(modal auxiliary + transitiveverb)spacecolonies(directobject) 3. Scientists (subject) willperfect(modal auxiliary + transitiveverb)thenecessarytechnology(directobject) soon.

Modals and PassiveVoice1. Spacestations(new subject) couldbelaunched(modal auxiliary + auxiliary “be” + pastparticiple) byAstronauts(“by” agent)2. Spacecolonies(new subject) shouldbestarted(modal auxiliary + auxiliary “be” + pastparticiple) byHumanity(“by” agent) 3. Thenecessarytechnology(new subject) willbeperfected(modal auxiliary + auxiliary “be” + pastparticiple) byScientists(“by” agent)

On-line ExercisesModal Auxiliaries and Passive Voice

On-line ExercisesPassive Voice – Review

On-line ExercisesActive VS Passive Voice

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