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Investing. Making money with money Investing = Saving It involves risk—you can lose your $$. Remember our 3 tools to save?. Savings Account Money Market Account Certificate of Deposit (CD). Stocks Bonds Mutual Funds. Currency Real Estate. What are some ways to invest?.

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Presentation Transcript
Investing
Investing

  • Making money with money

    • Investing = Saving

  • It involves risk—you can lose your $$


Remember our 3 tools to save
Remember our 3 tools to save?

  • Savings Account

  • Money Market Account

  • Certificate of Deposit (CD)


What are some ways to invest

Stocks

Bonds

Mutual Funds

Currency

Real Estate

What are some ways to invest?


Unique investments
Unique Investments…

  • Collectables


Rule of 72 s
Rule of 72’s

  • The time or the interest rate you need to double your money

    • 72/t=int

    • 72/int=t


Simple interest vs compound interest
Simple Interest Vs. Compound Interest

  • Simple – Interest paid only on principle amount

  • Compound- Interest paid on principle and also on previously earned interest

*See Interest Worksheet


Retirement plans
Retirement Plans

  • Pension Plans

    • A retirement plan set up by your employer

  • IRA’s

    • Must wait until 59 ½ to access money

    • Special tax benefits

    • Used if employer does not offer a pension plan


Retirement plans1
Retirement Plans

  • 401K

  • 403B

  • SEP Plans

    • Plan if you worked for a small business


Mutual funds
Mutual Funds

  • A collection of investments

    • Diversification

    • Minimize risk

  • Professional manager

  • Many investors


Liquidity
Liquidity

  • Ability to convert your assets to cash quickly

    • Cash

    • Stocks

    • Houses/Cars/Jewelry


Dollar Cost Averaging

Letting your money work for you over time

Diversification

Spreading your money out over different investments

Ie: stocks, bonds, mutual funds, etc.

Investing Choices


Now what
Now What?

  • How does diversification help limit risk?

  • How does age and financial situation affect how you make investment decisions?



Stock

Stock

Represents ownership in a corporation


Market value
Market Value

  • The amount of money you can sell your investment at in the market place.


Stock exchanges indexes

NYSE

AMEX

Nasdaq

London, Japan, etc

S&P 500

Dow

Nasdaq Composite

NIKKEI in Japan

Stock ExchangesIndexes



Dividends
Dividends

  • Share of the profits from a corporation

  • Receive dividends for each share


How are earnings made on stocks
How are earnings made on stocks?

  • Dividends.

    • Dividend are usually paid quarterly

  • Buy Low & Sell High


Advantages of stock investments
Advantages of Stock Investments

  • If the market value goes up, the gain can be considerable

  • Liquid

    • Money is easily accessible


Disadvantages
Disadvantages

  • If the market value goes down, the loss can be considerable

  • Time


Stocks
Stocks

  • A block of stock is one hundred (100) shares.

  • Preferred

  • Common

    • Blue Chip

    • Growth


Stock line
Stock Line

Yahoo Finance - Apple Inc.



Bonds

Bonds companies that sell stock?

Carry less risk than a stock

is an IOU, certifying that you loaned money to a government or corporation and outlining the terms of repayment


How bonds work
How Bonds Work companies that sell stock?

  • Buyer purchases bond

  • Fixed interest rate

  • Fixed period of time

  • When matured it is redeemed for full face value


Bond types
Bond Types companies that sell stock?

  • Federal Government

  • Municipal

  • Corporate


Federal bonds
Federal Bonds companies that sell stock?

  • The federal government issues bonds to pay for services; military, roads, infrastructure.

  • Virtually NO RISK!!

    • Savings bonds, Series EE & HH


Municipal bonds
Municipal Bonds companies that sell stock?

  • State or local governments issue bonds for the construction of buildings, roads, schools, etc.

  • Moderate, if any, risk


Corporate bonds
Corporate Bonds companies that sell stock?

  • Issued by a Business to raise money for a capital venture.

  • Higher risk

  • Better rates of interest


Risk? companies that sell stock?

  • US savings bond least risk

  • Corporate bond

  • Preferred stock

  • Common stock most risk


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