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Conflict Management. Dr. Monika Renard Associate Professor, Management College of Business. Conflict. “A perceived difference between two or more parties that results in opposition.”. Conflict. “A perceived difference between two or more parties that results in opposition.”.

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Conflict management

Conflict Management

Dr. Monika Renard

Associate Professor, Management

College of Business


Conflict
Conflict

  • “A perceived difference between two or more parties that results in opposition.”


Conflict1
Conflict

  • “A perceived difference between two or more parties that results in opposition.”


Causes of conflict
Causes of Conflict

Scarce Resources

Value differences

Goal

incompat- . ability

Individualdifferences

Task inter-dependence

Lack of peacemaking skills

Communicationfailures

Poorly designed reward system


Understanding conflict destructive effects
Understanding Conflict—Destructive Effects

  • What do you think of when you hear the term “conflict?”

  • How can conflict be destructive?

    • Competitive processes Blurred issues

    • Misperception and bias Rigid commitments

    • Decreased communication Emotionality

    • Magnified differences, minimized similarities


Benefits of conflict
Benefits of Conflict

  • How can conflict be constructive?

    • Aware of problems --Personal development

    • Org’l change --Psychological development

    • Strengthens relationships --Stimulating and fun

    • Awareness of self and others

  • What can be learned from conflict handled constructively?


Conflict and group performance
Conflict and Group Performance

Performance

Level of Conflict

  • Effects of conflict on group performance

  • Some conflict is beneficial


Conflict handling styles
Conflict Handling Styles

Hi

Accommodating

Collaborating

Concern for Other

Compromising

Avoiding

Competing

Low

Hi

Concern for Self


Avoiding
Avoiding

  • Ignoring or suppressing conflict in the hope that it will go away or not become too disruptive

  • Trivial, no choice, too much disruption, cool down, gather information, others can resolve.


Accommodating
Accommodating

  • Focusing on allowing the desires of the other party to prevail

  • You are wrong, issues are important to others, social credits, minimize losses, harmony.


Competing
Competing

  • Attempting to win at the other party’s expense. Win-lose

  • Quick action vital, unpopular actions, vital to welfare, against those who take advantage of noncompetitive behavior.


Compromising
Compromising

  • Having each party give up some desired outcomes to get other desired outcomes. Win some, lose some.

  • Not worth the extra effort, mutually exclusive goals, temporary settlements, expedient solutions under time pressure, backup to competing or collaborating.


Collaborating
Collaborating

  • Devising solutions that allow both parties to achieve their desired outcomes Both win at least their major issues.

  • Finding integrative solution, merge insights, gain commitment, work through feelings.

Win-Win


Ugli orange case
Ugli Orange Case

  • I am Mr. Cardoza. I will auction off all my Ugli oranges (in one lot) to the highest bidder in this room.

    • I will NOT accept less than $250,000 for the oranges.

  • Meet with the other firm’s representative and decide on a course of action. Then pick a spokesperson who will tell me:

    • What do you plan to do?

    • If you want to buy the oranges, what price will you offer?

    • To whom (one person) and how shall I deliver the oranges?


Discussion and conclusions
Discussion and Conclusions

  • What conflict management style did you use?

    • Competitive, Compromising, Accommodating, Avoiding, Collaborating?

  • Was there full disclosure? How much info shared?

  • Did the parties trust one another? Why?

    • What is the relationship between trust and disclosure of info?

  • How creative and/or complex were the solutions? If very complex, why?

    • How does mistrust affect the creativity or complexity of bargaining agreements?


Ways to manage conflict

Understand Conflict

Positive and negative

Use Correct Conflict Management Styles

Avoid, Accommodate, Compete, Compromise, Collaborate

Improve Communication

Listen Well

Speak Clearly

Understand Individual Differences

Men and Women, Ethnicity

Personality

Avoid Biases

Cognitive biases, framing

Use Negotiation

Win-win (integrative)

Win-lose (distributive)

Use Mediation

Ways to Manage Conflict


Escalating conflict
Escalating Conflict

  • Other people become involved and take sides

  • One or both parties feel threatened

  • No interest in maintaining the relationship

  • A history of unproductive, negative conflict.

  • An increase in indirect expression of anger, fear, or frustration.

  • Important needs not acknowledged/met.

  • Lack of skills necessary for peacemaking.


De escalating conflict
De-Escalating Conflict

  • Parties focus on the problem, not each other.

  • Anger, fear, frustration expressed directly, rather than indirectly.

  • Threats are reduced or eliminated.

  • Parties have cooperated well prior to the dispute.

  • Needs are openly discussed.

  • Parties are able to use theirpeacemaking skills.


Reducing and resolving conflict
Reducing and Resolving Conflict

  • Improve communication

  • Understand individual differences

  • Use negotiation

  • Use mediation or arbitration


Change situational factors
Change Situational Factors

  • Physical arrangement

  • Resources: more, reassigned

  • Task cooperation needed

  • Super-ordinate goals

  • Folly of rewarding A while hoping for B


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