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Changes in Canada Due to World War One. Group Brainstorm. Think of 3 ways Canadian society & national culture changed in WW1. The War at Home. TOTAL WAR : means that all citizens (military, civilian, young, old...) are actively contributing to the war effort.

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group brainstorm
Group Brainstorm

Think of 3 ways Canadian society & national culture changed in WW1

the war at home
The War at Home

TOTAL WAR: means that all citizens (military, civilian, young, old...) are actively contributing to the war effort.

  • In 1916, 1 in 4 Canadian families had at least one member overseas.
  • Canadian civilians were far away from the conflict in Europe but government interventions and rules affected everyone. How?
slide4

Government intervened in people’s lives with Propagandacampaigns for all the themes we discussed in class.

  • Economic changes:
    • Raising funds through the sale of Victory Bonds and War Stamps.
    • Introduced new taxes on goodslike tea, coffee, alcohol and tobacco = more money for war effort.
    • Income Tax – introduced to generate funds
    • Imperial Munitions Board – changed labour - removed corruption and war profiteering from industry, promoted naval construction, trained women for industrial work, monitored work hours and salaries.
  • Daylight Savings Time– introduced in 1917 to conserve electricity.
  • Racism - hostility towards German and Austrian-Canadians, internment of Ukrainian-Canadians, loss of vote to recent immigrants
  • Rights for women:
    • Vote for women – (1917) given to women aged 21+ with family members overseas. Vote was to be revoked after the war. Was it?
    • Women in the workforce – after the war women were expected to leave the workforce so men could have their jobs back. Did they?
and other long term impacts
And other long term impacts…
  • French and English divided over Conscription
  • Halifax destroyed – physically and emotionally
  • Women have a stronger voice
  • Disillusioned about the whole point of war
  • Canada more respected internationally and more national pride at home
    • Had a seat at Peace Conference
    • Gained seat in League of Nations
ms howie s final question
Ms Howie’s final question

Was WWI and the sacrifices it required “worth it” for Canada?

  • In groups of four discuss the gains made by Canada vs the costs for Canada.

What has your group decided?

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