A Description of Social Capital in Persons Living with HIV/AIDS
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A Description of Social Capital in Persons Living with HIV/AIDS . Allison R. Webel, PhD, RN IAS, 2011 Abstract MOAC0105 August 18, 2011. Disclosure/Conflicts of Interest. None to declare

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Allison r webel phd rn ias 2011 abstract moac0105 august 18 2011

A Description of Social Capital in Persons Living with HIV/AIDS

Allison R. Webel, PhD, RN

IAS, 2011

Abstract MOAC0105

August 18, 2011


Allison r webel phd rn ias 2011 abstract moac0105 august 18 2011

Disclosure/Conflicts of Interest

  • None to declare

  • The contents of this presentation are solely the views of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institutes of Health.

.


Allison r webel phd rn ias 2011 abstract moac0105 august 18 2011

Background

  • “Aggregate or potential resources which are linked to possession of a durable network of more or less institutionalized relationships of mutual acquaintance or recognition”1-2

  • Aspects of social capital have been linked to reduced HIV transmission behaviors3-5

  • Studies used different methods of assessment of social capital

  • Literature lacks a general description of social capital, and a description of its health correlates, in a diverse sample of PLWH

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1:Bourdieu 1985, p248;2:Portes, 1998; 3: Bhattacharya., 2005; 4: Frumence, 2010;5: Pronyk et al., 2008


Allison r webel phd rn ias 2011 abstract moac0105 august 18 2011

Research Aims

  • Describe levels of social capital in an international sample of adults living with HIV/AIDS;

  • Provide evidence for the validity of the individual-level, Social Capital Scale in this population; and

  • Determine the nature of associations between social capital, physical and psychological health, social support, and HIV status among PLWH.


Allison r webel phd rn ias 2011 abstract moac0105 august 18 2011

Results

.


Allison r webel phd rn ias 2011 abstract moac0105 august 18 2011

.


Allison r webel phd rn ias 2011 abstract moac0105 august 18 2011

Research Aims

  • Describe levels of social capital in an international sample of adults living with HIV/AIDS;

  • Provide evidence for the validity of the individual-level, Social Capital Scale in this population; and

  • Determine the nature of associations between social capital, physical and psychological health, social support, and HIV status among PLWH.

.


Allison r webel phd rn ias 2011 abstract moac0105 august 18 2011

Results

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Allison r webel phd rn ias 2011 abstract moac0105 august 18 2011

Summary: Aim 1 Results

  • Increased social capital in PLWH than previously reported

  • Differences by geographic region; and

  • Suggests a relationship between social capital and perceived health in PLWH

.


Allison r webel phd rn ias 2011 abstract moac0105 august 18 2011

Research Aims

  • Describe levels of social capital in an international sample of adults living with HIV/AIDS;

  • Provide evidence for the validity of the individual-level, Social Capital Scale in this population; and

  • Determine the nature of associations between social capital, physical and psychological health, social support, and HIV status among PLWH.

.


Principle components factor analysis with promax oblique rotation

Principle Components Factor Analysis with (Promax) Oblique Rotation

.


Allison r webel phd rn ias 2011 abstract moac0105 august 18 2011

Research Aims

  • Describe levels of social capital in an international sample of adults living with HIV/AIDS;

  • Provide evidence for the validity of the individual-level, Social Capital Scale in this population; and

  • Determine the nature of associations between social capital, physical and psychological health, social support, and HIV status among PLWH.

.


Allison r webel phd rn ias 2011 abstract moac0105 august 18 2011

Bivariate Correlation Coefficients1 between Social Capital and Mental Health Variables Adult PLWH

.

1Range -1 to 1 where 0 indicates no relationship and -1/1 indicated a strong relationship


Allison r webel phd rn ias 2011 abstract moac0105 august 18 2011

Bivariate Correlation Coefficients1 between Social Capital and Self-Reported Health Condition in PLWH

.

1Range -1 to 1 where 0 indicates no relationship and -1/1 indicated a strong relationship


Allison r webel phd rn ias 2011 abstract moac0105 august 18 2011

Limitations

  • Convenience sampling

  • Modification of the Social Capital Scale

  • Mainly U.S.-based sites

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Allison r webel phd rn ias 2011 abstract moac0105 august 18 2011

Summary of our findings

  • This is the first report to quantitatively describe levels of total social capital in a large, international sample of PLWH;

  • Researchers can be confident that the Social Capital Scale is an appropriate measure of social capital in PLWH;

  • Our findings add to the growing evidence of the relationship between social capital and health, uniquely describing this relationship in PLWH;

  • Health interventions that emphasize increasing total social capital in PLWH can be built upon our descriptive findings

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Allison r webel phd rn ias 2011 abstract moac0105 august 18 2011

Acknowledgements

Members of the International HIV/AIDS Nursing Research Network

J. Craig Philips, PhD

University of British Columbia

Carol Dawson Rose, PhD

Mallory Johnson, PhD

Carmen Portillo, PhD

University of California, San Francisco

William L. Holzemer, PhD

Lucille Eller, PhD

Dean Wantland, PhD

Rutgers College of Nursing

Wei-Ti Chen, DNSc

Yale University

Lynda Tyer-Viola, PhD

Inge B. Corless, PhD

MGH Institute of Health Professions

Marta Rivero-Mendez, DNS

University of Puerto Rico

Patrice Nicholas, DNSc

Brigham and Women's Hospital

Kathleen Nokes, PhD

Hunter College, CUNY

Jeanne Kemppainen, PhD

University of North Carolina Wilmington

Scholastika Iipinge, PhD

University of Namibia

Kenn Kirksey, PhD

Seton Family of Hospitals

PuangtipChaiphibalsarisdi, PhD

SuanSunandhaRajabhat University

Joachim Voss, PhD

University of Washington

Robert A. Salata, MD

Case Western Reserve University


Allison r webel phd rn ias 2011 abstract moac0105 august 18 2011

Acknowledgements

This project was supported in part by:

NIH UL1 RR024131; NIH T32NR007081; NIH KL2RR024990; NIH R15NR011130;

International Pilot Award, University of Washington CFAR; University of British

Columbia School of Nursing Helen Shore Fund;

Duke University School of Nursing Office of Research Affairs;

Rutgers College of Nursing; and

City University of New York.

Theses funding agencies had no role in the study design; in the collection, analysis and interpretation of data; in the writing of the report; or in the decision to submit the paper for publication

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